Effects of trace Cr on as-cast microstructure and microstructural evolution of semi-solid isothermal heat treatment ZC61 magnesium alloy

China Foundry, Jan 2019

The content and kind of trace elements in magnesium alloys have important effects on their ascast and semi-solid microstructures. In this research work, effects of trace Cr on as-cast and semi-solid microstructures of ZC61 magnesium alloy were investigated by metal mold casting and semi-solid isothermal heat treatment. The results show that the addition of Cr can refine the α-Mg phase without generating a new phase, noticeably change the eutectic phase, and decrease the average size of solid particles at the same isothermal heat treatment conditions. Non-dendritic microstructures of all alloys are constituted of α1-Mg phases, α2-Mg phases and eutectic phases after water quenching. With isothermal temperature increased or holding time prolonged, the eutectic microstructure (α-Mg+MgZn2+CuMgZn) at the grain boundaries in as-cast alloy is melted preferentially and then turned into semi-solid non-dendritic microstructure by processes of initial coarsening, microstructure separation, spheroidizing and final coarsening. Especially when the ZC61-0.1Cr alloy was treated at 585 °C for 30 min, the ideal non-dendritic microstructure can be obtained, and the corresponding solid particle size and shape factor were 37.5 μm and 1.33, respectively. The coarsening process of solid α-Mg phase at higher temperature or longer time, which is affected by both combining growth and Ostwald ripening mechanism, is refrained when Cr is added to the ZC61 alloy.

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Effects of trace Cr on as-cast microstructure and microstructural evolution of semi-solid isothermal heat treatment ZC61 magnesium alloy

China Foundry January 2019, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 53–62 | Cite as Effects of trace Cr on as-cast microstructure and microstructural evolution of semi-solid isothermal heat treatment ZC61 magnesium alloy AuthorsAuthors and affiliations Xiao-feng HuangYa-jie MaQiao-qiao ZhangLang-lang WeiJian-qiao Yang Research & Development First Online: 29 January 2019 4 Downloads Abstract The content and kind of trace elements in magnesium alloys have important effects on their ascast and semi-solid microstructures. In this research work, effects of trace Cr on as-cast and semi-solid microstructures of ZC61 magnesium alloy were investigated by metal mold casting and semi-solid isothermal heat treatment. The results show that the addition of Cr can refine the α-Mg phase without generating a new phase, noticeably change the eutectic phase, and decrease the average size of solid particles at the same isothermal heat treatment conditions. Non-dendritic microstructures of all alloys are constituted of α1-Mg phases, α2-Mg phases and eutectic phases after water quenching. With isothermal temperature increased or holding time prolonged, the eutectic microstructure (α-Mg+MgZn2+CuMgZn) at the grain boundaries in as-cast alloy is melted preferentially and then turned into semi-solid non-dendritic microstructure by processes of initial coarsening, microstructure separation, spheroidizing and final coarsening. Especially when the ZC61-0.1Cr alloy was treated at 585 °C for 30 min, the ideal non-dendritic microstructure can be obtained, and the corresponding solid particle size and shape factor were 37.5 μm and 1.33, respectively. The coarsening process of solid α-Mg phase at higher temperature or longer time, which is affected by both combining growth and Ostwald ripening mechanism, is refrained when Cr is added to the ZC61 alloy. Key wordsZC61 magnesium alloy Cr content semi-solid isothermal heat treatment non-dendritic microstructure microstructural evolution  Xiao-feng Huang Male, born in 1971, Ph.D, Associate professor. His research interests mainly focus on magnesium alloys and semi-solid forming. To date, he has published over 70 papers. This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundations of China (51464032). CLC numbersTG146.22  Document codeA  Download to read the full article text References [1] Fang X, Lv S, Zhao L, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of a novel Mg-RE-Zn-Y alloy fabricated by rheosqueeze casting. Materials and Design, 2016, 94: 353–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar [2] Chen J, Zhang Q, Li Q A. Effect of Y and Ca addition on the creep behaviors of AZ61 magnesium alloys. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2016, 686: 375–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar [3] Buha J. Natural ageing in magnesium alloys and alloying with Ti. 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Xiao-feng Huang, Ya-jie Ma, Qiao-qiao Zhang, Lang-lang Wei, Jian-qiao Yang. Effects of trace Cr on as-cast microstructure and microstructural evolution of semi-solid isothermal heat treatment ZC61 magnesium alloy, China Foundry, 2019, 53-62, DOI: 10.1007/s41230-019-8112-z