A List of the Orthoptera of New England

Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, May 2019

Albert P. Morse

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A List of the Orthoptera of New England

C. A. Frost). Newtonville, Mass., June Bv ALBERT P. MORSE 0 Order DERMAPTERA 0 --Earwigs. 0 0 Wellesley College , Wellesley, Mass VOL. XXV1 Eighteen years ago Mr. S. It. Scudder published in this journal a briefly annotated list of the Orthoptera of New England (Psyche, Vol. 9, September, 1900, pp. 99-106) enumerating 98 species, and on page 119 following added six more from data supplied by Mr. Samuel tIenshaw. Since that date much work has been done upon the group, greatly increasing the number of species known from New England and changing their scientific nomenclature. In a Manual of the New England Orthoptera soon to be published I have enumerated 130 species from the district. The following list i intended to serve as a short memorandum of these. - No. 2 A LIST OF THE ORTHOPTERA OF NEW ENGLAND. Generally distributed and probably occurs in small numbers throughout New England. ttas been captured from May 5 to Nov. under various circumstances, in gardens, manure-heaps, and fungi. Nocturnal, flying at dusk, and to lights in evening. Brown Earwig, Prolabia arachidis Yersin. Introduced. Taken in sugar refinery at Boston in 1889 (Henshaw) and in Brighton slaughter-house, Feb. 1909 (A. t?. M:.). In New England occurs only under artificial conditions. 5. European Earwig, Forficula auricularia Linn. Introduced from Europe. Established at Newport, R. I., and vicinity, ttas been taken also at Kingston, R. I., and in browntail moth nests imported with parasites at Melrose, Mass. 6. Spandex percheron Guerin et Percheron. One example of this species (t. tiebard, Notes, Entom. news, xxviii, 88, 1917) is recorded from New England. The record is based on a badly mutilated specimen in the Harris collection, taken in Boston or vicinity, which was described as new by Scudder under the name of Spongophora bipunctata (Boston journ. nat. hist., vii, 15, 186). Order ORTttOPTERA, Family BLATTID2E, Cockroaches. Native Species (Ischnoptera auct.). 7. Common, or Northern, Wood-Roach, Parcoblatta virginica Brunner. Common under bark, boards, stones, etc., in June and July, less so. in August. Males fly freely to light; females are wingless. Orono, Me., tlartland, Vt., and southward. 8. Uhler?s Wood-Roach, Parcoblatta uhleriana Saussure. Viuch less common than the preceding but frequently seen in eastern Massachusetts and recorded from M:arthas Vineyard and Connecticut. ttabits and seasons same as preceding. 9. Pennsylvanian Wood-Roach, Parcoblatta pensylvanica DeGeer. Scarce or rare in eastern New England, locally plentiful on shore of Lake Champlain. ?ound under boards and stones from June 5 to October. Recorded from Prout?s Neck, Maine, Sherborn and Winthrop, Mass., Mr. Carmel, Ct., South Hero, Vt. 10. Broad Wood-Roach, Parcoblatta lata Brunner. Adventive from further south. One example taken at Wellesley, Mass.,. July 18, 1916, in dwelling-house (A. P. M.). Introduced Species which have established themselves for longer or shorter periods. 11. German Roach, Croton-bug, Blattella germanica Linn6. Domiciliary. Probably occurs throughout New England under artificial conditions of constant heat, moisture, and food, in houses, shops, etc. Adults and young at all seasons. Locally abundant if not checked. 1. Oriental Roach, Blatta orientalis Linn6. Much less common than the preceding; found under the same conditions. 13. American Roach, Periplaneta americana Linn6. Locally plentiful under the same conditions as the preceding but less generally established. Our largest common roach. 14. Australian Roach, Periplaneta australasie Fabricius. Occasionally becomes established in greenhouses, etc. Taken in Maine, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. 15. Surinam Roach, Pycnoscelus surinamensis Linn6. Remarks under preceding apply equally well to this. Recorded from Massachusetts and Connecticut. Exotic species from West Indies, Central or South America, introduced with tropical fruit; adventive, liable to occur at any time or in any place where such merchandise is unpacked. 16. Nyctibora lcevigata Beauvois (" sericea" of authors). :Female, Orono, Me., May 16, 1889, bananas (Me. exp. sta.). ?emale, Manchester, N. tI. (Miss Susy C. :Fogg). Male, Boston, Mass., Feb. 0, 1887 (F. It. Sprague). Natick, Vfass., summer, 1901, fruit store (A. 1). VI.). Female, Springfield, M:ass., Aug. 17, 1898 (C. Ladd). Wellesley, Mass., fall, 1899,nymph, re_ co?ded by Scudder (List, lsyche 1900, 100) as "Eurycotis, pos_ sibly finschiana Sauss." 17. Nyctibora noctivaga Rehn (" holosericea"). Wellesley, Mass., Jan. 15, 1904,,bananas; adult. Young in various stages: Dalton, Mass., Jan. 1899 (E. A. ttalle), tIyde 1)ark, Mass., Oct. 1, in house (Miss M. E. Cherrington). lram :Female, Orono, Me., June 18, 1909 (Me. exp. sta.). 18. Eurycotis opaca Brunner. 19. Eurycotis tibialis tIebard. :Female, Orono, Me. ? (Me. exp. sta.). . 0. Epilampra maya Rehn. :Female, Woodstock, Vt., August, 1911 (Hugh Morgan). Female, :Framingham, Mass., April 10, 1914, bananas in grocery store (C. A. Frost). 1. Green Roach, Panchlora cubensis Saussure. lemale, Augusta, Me., 1906 (U. S. N. M:.). Orono, Me., 189, in tropical fruit (Me. exp. sta.). Woodstock, Vt. (A. P. M.). Boston, Mass., Dec. 6, 1878, flying in store (M. C. Z.); lramingham, Mass., Aug. 1, 1914 (C. A. Frost); Melrose, Mass., June 17, 1914 (F. W. Dodge); Salem, Mass., Aug. 1, 1890, Aug. 12, 1917; Stoneham, Mass., Nov. 15, 1915 (C. V. Blackburn); Wellesley, Mass., Dec. 1, 1894, on window; Jan. 9, 1918, bananas (A. P. M.). ee. Green Roach, Panchlora exoleta Burmeister. Salem, Mass., June 7, 1884, probably in bananas (Peabody Museum). Hormetica advena Scudder. One female, Belmont, Mass. (type). Native country unknown. Family PIIASMII)-/E, Walkingsticks. 4. Northern Walkingstick, Diapheromera femorata Say. Not uncommon locally, usually in deciduous shrubbery, in southern New England. Known from South Bridgton, Me. (Me. exp. sta.), Manchester, N. H., and Sudbury, Vt., southward, from late August till October. One ad.ult female, one immature, Greenwich, Ct., Aug. 5, 5. Blatchley?s Walkingstick, Manomera blatchleyi Caudell. 89 (A. .). Family M:ANTIDAE, Praying VIantids. 6. Carolina Mantis, Stagmomantis carolina Johannsen. Reported by Mr. Samuel ttenshaw from Rhode Island, many years ago, through Prof. Packard. Probably adventive or introduced, as it does not naturally live within a long distance of our border. 37. Chinese Mantis, Paratenodera sinensis Saussure. Introduced several times into Connecticut and Massachusetts but has not established itself. 38. European Praying Mantis, Mantis religiosa Linn. Introduction of this species into Connecticut by egg-masses from the colony at Rochester, N. Y., was once attempted but they failed to hatch. 39. Oblong-winged Katydid, Amblycorypha oblongifolia DeGeer. Common in vines, shrubbery, and coarse weeds in Connecticut, less numerous in eastern Massachusetts, and recorded from southern New I-Iampshire. Mid-August to October. 30. Carinate Florida Katydid, Amblycorypha floridana carinata Rehn et I-Iebard. tIalf-a-dozen examples are recorded from Nantucket and Woods Hole, Mass., and it will probably be found in Connecticut. Frequents bushes and weeds. 31. Round-winged Katydid, Amblycorypha rotundifolia rotundifolia Scudder. Common in southern New England in grass and low bushes in August and September. It is reported from as far north as the White Mountain region. 3. Northern Bush-Katydid, Scudderia septentrionalis Serville. Very rare. I-Ias been taken in Maine and eastern Massachusetts in July and August on undergrowth in woods. 33. Texan Bush-Katydid, Scudderia texensis Saussure et 1)ictet. Common in swampy ground from July till October. Recorded from Norway, Me., Seabrook, N. tI., eastern Massachusetts, and throughout Connecticut. 84. Broad-winged Bush-Katydid, Scudderia pistillata Brunner. A boreal species common in low shrubbery throughout New England. July till September. 85. Curve-tailed Bush-Katydid," Scudderia curvicauda curvicauda DeGeer. Very common in shrubbery in southern New England and extending northward to middle Vermont and southwestern Maine (Fryeburg). July to September. 35a. Northern Curve-tailed Bush-Katydid, Scudderia curvicauda borealis R. et A northern race of the preceding, a few examples of which I have taken in eastern Maine in cold heath-grown bogs, in August. 86. Fork-tailed Bush-Katydid, Scudderia furcata furcata Brunner. Very common in tall grasses, bushes, and shrubbery, from July till October, from southern Maine and New Hampshire southward. 87. European Short-winged Bush-Katydid, Leptophyes punctatissima Bosc d?Antic. Three examples of this species have been captured on Nantucket. It was doubtless introduced with commercial importations of plant materials but whether it still survives is unknown. 38. The Katydid, True Katydid, Pterophylla camellifolia Fabricius. Arboreal, frequenting oak trees especially. Common locally in Connecticut and warmer parts of Massachusetts in September and October. t9. The Sword-bearer, Neoconocephalus ensiger Harris. Our commonest cone-head, known from Norway, Me., southward. Late July till September. In grasslands, wild and cultivated. 40. Robust Cone-head, Neoconocephalus robustus robustus Scudder. Common coastwise from Cape Cod southward, in sand-grass, and cat-tail marshes. August and September. 41. Round-tipped Cone-head, Neoconocephalus retusus Scudder. Common, locally at least, in southern Connecticut in tall grass in meadows. August to October. 4. Unmusical Cone-head, Neoconocephalus exiliscanorus Davis. One example is recorded by Walden from New Haven, Ct. It is said to be locally common in the vicinity of New York from August onward. 48. Broad-tipped Cone-head, Neoconocephalus triops Linn6. Two adventive examples of this southern species have been taken in Massachusetts in houses in winter, introduced with spinach greens from the south. 44. Larger VIeadow-Grasshopper, Orchelimum vulgate Harris. Very common in southern New England and probably occurring throughout, lrefers tall grasses and dense weedy jungles on moist or wet ground. July till October. 45. Bruner?s VIeadow-Grasshopper, Orchelimum gladiator Bruner. In the same haunts as the preceding but less common in southern New England. 46. Dusky-faced Meadow-Grasshopper, Orchelimum concinnum Scudder. Locally common in the coarse vegetation of tidal runways of coastwise saltmarshes in southern New England. Recorded from Rye Beach, N. H., vicinity of Boston, and Connecticut, from July to Sept. 6. 47. Slender Meadow-Grasshopper, Conocephalus fasciatus fasciatus DeGeer. Abundant in damp grasslands throughout New England from late July till October. 48. Short-winged Meadow-Grasshopper, Conocephalus brevipenni8 Scudder. Very common in weedy jungles and dense grass in most of New England from late July till hard frost. Recorded from Eastport, Me., and Jefferson, N. tt., southward. [Apri| 49. Saltmarsh Meadow-Grasshopper, Conocephalus spartin :Fox. Locally abundant in short grasses of coastwise saltmarshes. Known from Old Orchard, Me., southward. 50. Wingless Prairie Grasshopper, Conocephalus saltans Scudder. Common among low shrubs and tufts of bunch-grass on the sandy moors of Nantucket. August and September. 53. Asiatic or Greenhouse Cave-cricket, Diestrammena marmorata DeItaan. Introduced into greenhouses and cellars in several parts of New England. It multiplies rapidly and quickly becomes abundant. I have received examples from I/:ennebunk, Me., Danvers and Springfield, Mass. Adults and young throughout the year. Native Cave-crickets, Ceuthophilus spp. Our native cave-crickets, stone-crickets, or camel-crickets are usually found under bark, boards, stones, etc., or in cellars and holes during the day, emerging at night in search of food. Adults are most numerous out-of-doors in late summer and tall, but hibernating examples are not rare in tavorable conditions. The genus needs thorough collecting in liquid preservative nd complete revision. 54. Spotted Cave-cricket, Ceuthophilus maculatus I-Iarris. Our commonest camel-cricket, probably found throughout New England. Gregarious, under stones, logs, and in cellars. 55. Yellow Cave-cricket, Ceuthophilus neglectus Scudder. Probably throughout New England in woodlands. Recorded from Jackman, Me., Plymouth, Vt., eastern Massachusetts, and Connecticut. 56. Woodland Cave-cricket, Ceuthophilus neglectus Scudder. A common species in cool, moist woodlands and forests in Vermont and New Hampshire. 57. Short-legged Cave-cricket, Ceuthophilus brevipes Scudder. Rare. Recorded from Grand Manan, N. B., and North Madison, Ct. 58. Black-sided Cave-cricket, Ceuthophilus latens Scudder. Walden has taken this species at Lyme, Ct., under stones, in August. 59. Pale-footed Cave-cricket, Ceuthophilus lapidicola Burmeister. (C. pallidipes E. M. Walker.) Not common. Reported from New Haven, Ct., and Wellesley, Mass. Captured in cellars and under bark of fallen trees in Connecticut by Walden in August and Se,p,tember. Half-grown young in cave at NewAshford, Mass., Dec. (G. M:. Allen). An example of the variety stygius Scudder has been taken at Beverly, Mass. Family GRYLLID]E, Crickets, Tree-crickets, Mole-crickets. 61. Common Field-cricket, Gryllus assimilis Fabricius. Very common throughout New England especially in sandy areas. June till heavy frost. In southern New England a few nymphs hibernate. 6. Striped Grass-cricket, Nemobius fasciatus fasciatus DeGeer. Abundant everywhere, probably throughout New England, in grasslands. July till late fall. 63. Sand Cricket, Nemobius griseus E. M. Walker. Known in small numbers from sandy districts in Maine, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. August and September. Paehe [April Found in same places as last and nearly as common. Inhabits all the New England States. Family ACRIDIDeE, Locusts. Subfamily Acr.idinm (Tryxaline auct.). 80. Bunch-grass Locust, Pseudopomala brachyptera Scudder. Common locally in coarse grasses, especially Andropogon scoparius, on wild and uncultivated lands from southwestern Maine, southern New Hampshire and Vermont southward, including Marthas Vineyard and all of Connecticut. July to September. 81. Velvet-striped Locust, Eritettix simplex Scudder. Rare. Walden records it from several points in southern Connecticut on light dry soil with but little vegetation, such as abandoned fields and dry pastures. Adults are recorded on Oct. 1 and from May 5 to June 30. They apparently hibernate. 1919] wherever there is a thick and succulent growth of herbage. Adults from early June till mid-November. 88. Striped Sedge Locust, Mecostethus lineatus Scudder. Locally plentiful in cold wet sedge meadows and bogs, probably throughout :New England, at all elevations from sea-level to the summit of Katahdin. Adults have been captured from July 1 to Oct. 6. 89. Northern Sedge Locust, Mecostethus gracilis Scudder. In the same habitats as the preceding but restricted to the northern tier of States and high elevations in Massachusetts. Locally common, July 1 to Sept. 6 and probably later. 90. Broad-winged Sedge Locust, Mecostethus platypterus Scudder. A rare species having the same haunts as lineatus, recorded as yet (in New England) only from Sherborn, Mass., and Thompson, Ct., in August. It probably inhabits at least the southern half of New England. Subfamily (Edipodine, Band-winged Locusts. 91. Autumn Yellow-winged Locust, Arphia xanthoptera Burmeister. Locally common in dry pastures from late July to November in the warmer parts of the Transition zone, from middle New Hampshire (Scudder) southward, including Nantucket and V[arthas Vineyard. 9. Spring Yellow-winged Locust, Arphia sulphurea Fabricius. Common and widely distributed in dry bushy pastures and wild land in spring andearly summer, from May till August. It is probably found throughout New England, though as yet not recorded from north of Deering and Norway, Me., Berlin Falls and tIanover, N. It. The young are active on warm days in winter. 93. Green-striped Locust, Chortophaga viridifasciata DeGeer. Generally distributed throughout New England in pastures and mowing-lands. Adults appear in mid-April and linger till frost, though most plentiful from May till July; rarely, freshly matured individuals are seen in the fall. The young are plentiful and often conspicuous in their haunts on warm days in winter. 94. Dusky, or Clouded Locust, Encoptolophus sordidus Burmeister. Common, often abundant, in weedy fields and pastures from late July till November. Inhabits the warmer parts of New England from Orono, Me., southward. 95. Clear-winged Locust, Camnula pellucida Scudder. Dangerously abundant locally in dry fields and pastures throughout northern New England, maturing in June and active till late in the fall. It occurs in small numbers as far south as northeastern Massachusetts, northeastern and middle western Connecticut. 96. Coral-winged Locust, Pardalophora apiculata Harris. Common throughout New England, especially in bushy pastures and wild land, from mid-April to July. Found from Nantucket to summit of Mr. Washington. The young hibernate and may frequently be found in mid-winter. 97. Wrinkled Locust, Hippiscus rugosus Scudder. Recorded from Norway, Me., and eastern Massachusetts many years ago. No specimens have been taken in New England recently. It should be looked for in July and August on the sandy coastal plain. 98. Carolina Locust, Black-winged Locust, Dissosteira carolina Linn. Very common throughout the Transition and Austral parts of New England on the bare soil of roads, gravel-pits, vacant lots, pastures, and sea-beaches, from early July till late in the fall. 1919] 101. Ledge Locust, Spharagemon saxatile Morse. Common on exposed ledges in eastern Massachusetts and throughout Connecticut, from July till October. Pgche [April The unstriped form (rubiginosa) is more usual in the north and on upland stations; the striped form (alutacea) along the southern coast and in grassy swamps. Adults have been taken from Aug. 5 till Oct. 30. 108. White Mountain Wingless Locust, Podisma glacialis glacialia Scudder. A strictly boreal species, locally common from sea-level in eastern Maine to subalpine thickets on the highest mountains of New England. It is found in shrubby thickets in cold bogs, moist woodlands, and at timber-line on mountains. Adults from July till September. It is found on the summits of Greylock Mr., Mass., Ascutney Mr., Vt., Chocorua and Pequaket, N. It.; bogs. at Umbagog Lake, Orono, Cherryfield, and Roque Bluff, Me.; and many othe.r points north of these. 109. Swamp Locust, Paroxya clavuliger Serville. Locally common in swamps and marshes (both salt and fresh) of southern New England from vicinity of Boston southward. July till October. 110. Purple-striped Locust, Hesperotettix brevipennis brevipennia Thomas. Rare and local, tIas as yet been taken at but three points in New England: Wellesley, Dover, and Walpole, Mass., in bunchgrass (Andropogon scoparius). July till September. 111. Lesser Migratory Locust, Melanoplus atlanis Riley. Dangerously abundant throughout New England, sometimes doing severe .injury locally. Most plentiful on sandy loam. June till November. 11. Yellow-striped Locust, Melanoplus bivittatus Say. Common throughout :New England from sea-coast to mountaintop, frequenting especially the rank vegetation of meadows and springy runs. Sometimes does much injury locally. June to November. 113. Red-legged Locust, Melanoplus femur-rubrum DeGeer. Probably our most generally distributed and injurious "grasshopper," though sometimes outnumbered by atlanis. Prefers damper situations than atlanis. July to November. 11. Northern Locust, Melanoplus borealis Fieber. A boreal species common from northern Massachusetts northward. Frequents the dense grass of moist meadows, bogs, sedgy swamps and mountain-tops. June to September. 121. Scudder?s Short-winged Locust, Melanoplus seudderi Uhler. Locally common in southern New England in brushy thickets in August nd September. It has been tken t Springfield and Wrehm, Mass., nd New Haven, Ct. Subfamily Acrydiine, Pygmy Locusts (Tettigine, Grouse Locusts). All the Pygmy Locusts hibernate in the adult stage. They rest on the bare earth instead of perching on vegetation. 1. Crested Pygmy Locust, Nomotettix cristatus cristatus Scudder. Found everywhere on light soils, such as dry pastures and mowing-lands, probably throughout New England; abundant locally. Adults occur throughout the year but are most plentiful in April, May, and October. 15. Angulate Pygmy Locust, Acrydium granulatum granulatum Kirby. Common throughout New England on the moist earth of meadows, especially on sandy soil, and the margins of swamps and streams. Adults are most numerous in April, May, August, and September. l5a. Broad-shouldered Angulate Pygmy Locust, Acrydium granlatum incurvatum Hancock. A form described from the West, four examples of which have been taken at Moosehead Lake and in the alpine zone of the White Mr. region. 16. Ornate Pygmy Locust, Acrydium ornatum ornatum Say. Lives in wet meadows and damp spots on upland soils through Brues--Notes on South African Phorida (D@tera) out New England. Generally distributed, sometimes very common locally. Most numerous in spring and fall months. NOTES ON SOUTH AFRICAN PHORIDE (DIPTERA). BY CHARLES T. BRUES, Bussey Institution, Harvard University. Dr. L. t)eringuey of the South African Museum at Cape Town, recently sent me several specimens of Phoride belonging to the Museum collections, one of which is of considerable interest. This is the female of the genus Conoprosopa which proves to be almost completely wingless and very highly modified. There is .also a very distinct species of Paraspiniphora which is here described. Owing to the conditions brought about by the and the impossibility of publishing the Annals of the South African Museum at the present time, Dr. Peringuey has kindly given me permission to have this short note published in an American journal. Peptides Advance s in Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Submit your manuscr ipts International Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Zoology International Journal of Journal of Signal Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Transduction Genetics Anatomy Microbiology Biochemistry Advances in Bioinformatics Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Archaea Hindawi Publishing Corporation ht p:/ www.hindawi.com Enzyme Research International Journal of Evolutionary Molecular Biology Journal of International Journal of Genomics 51. Long-legged Shield-bearer, Atlanticus americanus Saussure, 52. Short-legged Shield-bearer, Atlanticus testaceus Scudder . 64. Little Spotted Cricket, Nemobius maculatus Blatchley. New Canaan , Ct., Sept . 11, B. H. Walden . Extra-limitally it is said to live in low open woods in damp places . 65. Sphagnum Cricket , Nemobius palustris Blatchley. 66. Cuban Ground-cricket, Nemobius cubensis Saussure. 67. Carolina Ground-cricket, Nemobius carolinus Scudder. 68. Snowy Tree-cricket, Oecanthus niveus DeGeer. 69. Narrow-winged Tree-cricket, Oecanthus agustipennis Fitch . This species has been taken near Boston , Mass., and at various points in Connecticut between Aug. 14 and Oct . 0 . It frequents orchards and fruit trees and even low thickets of sweetfern. 70. Davis 's Tree-cricket, Oecanthus exclamationis Davis . 71. Four-spotted Tree-cricket, Oecanthus quadripunctatus Beu- Widely distributed and locally abundant in southern New England, extending north as far at least as Woodstock, Vt ., Hoxies and Brunswick, Me. Lives in weedy thickets of wild carrot, Joe-Pye-weed, raspberry bushes, etc . August till October. 7 . Dusky Tree-cricket, Oecanthus nigricornis Walker. 78. Pine Tree-cricket, Oecanthus pini Beutenmtiller. 74. Two-spotted Tree-cricket, Neoxabea bipunctata DeGeer . Known in small numbers from Connecticut:New Canaan, New Haven, and Portland , Aug. 14 to Sept. 11 . 75. Striped Bush-cricket, Anaxipha exigua Say. 76. Hapithus vagus Morse. 77. American Mole-cricket, Gryllotalpa hexadactyla Perry. 78. European Mole-cricket, Gryllotalpa vulgaris Latreille. 79. Pygmy Mole-cricket, Tridactylus apicalis Say. Lives on and in the damp sand on the edges of ponds and streams. Recorded from Connecticut, and from Cambridge, Winchester, and Nantucket , Mass. Adults were common at the last-named locality on July 13; a few nymphs were found on the same date and on Sept. 10 . 8. Bicolored Locust , Dichromorpha viridis Scudder. 8. Pasture Locust , Orphulella speciosa Scudder. 8. Spotted-winged Locust , Orphulella pelidna Burmeister. 85. Saltmarsh Locust , Orphulella olivacea Morse. Locally plentiful on saltmarshes on the Connecticut shore . ] Known from New Haven, Stratford, Stamford, and Greenwich, from August 11 to 8. Continued collecting coastwise will probably greatly extend dates of capture and New England distribution record . 86. Sprinkled Locust , Chlcealtis conspersa Harris. 87. Meadow Locust , Chorthippus curtipennis Harris. Common, often abundant locally, throughout New England . In damp places, meadows, saltmarshes, brooksides, ditch borders, 99 . Collared Locust, Scudder's Waste-Land Locust , Spharagemon 100. Boll's Locust , Spharagemon bolli Scudder. 10. Marbled Locust , Scirtetica marmorata Harris. 10. Sand Locust , Long-horned Locust , Psinidia fenestralis 10. Seaside Locust , Trimerotropis maritima Harris. 105. Snapping Locust , Broad-winged Locust , Circotettix ver- 106. American Locust , Schistocerca serialis Drury. Does not usually breed in New England, but stray individuals occasionally reach southwest Connecticut by flight . A colony was found at Wollaston , Mass., in 1888 by F. H. Sprague . 107. Rusty Locust , Leather-colored Locust , Schistocerca alutacea 107a. Schistocerca alutacea rubiginosa Scudder . 115. Little Locust , Melanoplus confusus Scudder. 116. Broad-necked Locust , Melanoplus luridus Dodge. 117. Pine-tree Locust , Melanoplus punctulatus Scudder. 118. Banded Locust , Huckleberry Locust, Melanoplus fasciatus 119. Dawson's Locust , Melanoplus dawsoni Scudder. 10. Smith's Locust , Melanoplus mancus Smith. Widely distributed but very local. Found from eastern Maine. to southern Connecticut, frequenting dwarf blueberry thickets on dry mountain summits and hill-tops. Dates of capture range from Aug. 8 to Sept. 6; these will probably be much extended by further collecting . 1. Green-legged Locust , Melanoplus iridipes Scudder. 13. Large-headed Locust , Phoetaliotes nebrascensis Scudder. Only one example is known from New England . This was taken at Needham , Mass., Aug. 3 , 1908 , in an abandoned field on sandy loam. The species is common in the West . 137. Hancock's Pygmy Locust , Acrydium hancocki Morse. 138. Obscure Pygmy Locust , A crydium arenosum angustum 139. Hooded Pygmy Locust, Paratettix cucullatus Burmeister. 130. Sedge Pygmy Locust, Tettigidea lateralis parvipennis Harris. Wet, sedgy meadows, springy runs, etc., throughout New England, in every month of the season. Common, sometimes plentiful, especially on sandy loam . Volume 2014


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Albert P. Morse. A List of the Orthoptera of New England, Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, DOI: 10.1155/1919/92583