Ground State of a Semiconductorlike System with Transverse sd Interaction and Perturbation Method†)
Ground State of a Semiconductorlike System with Transverse sd Interaction and Perturbation Methodt)
Itsuo OHNARI 0
Koji ISHIKAWA 0 1
Yukio MIZUNO 0
0 Institute of Physics, College of General Education University of Tokyo , Meguroku, Tokyo
1 > His present address is Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Nagoya
Application of perturbation method to the ground state of a semiconductorlike system with transverse sd interaction is accompanied by a serious difficulty of logarithmic divergence similar to that of the ordinary sd problem, as the width of the forbidden band, J, goes to zero. As a preliminary study to improving Abrikosov approximation by considering less divergent terms, it is here attempted to remove just the logarithmic divergence of the second order term of the ground state expectation value of the longitudinal component of a localized spin, <Sz>· For this object, an approximate perturbational ground state wave function is constructed from the RayleighSchrodinger perturbational wave function, by expecting that the weight of manyelectron excited configurations should increase with decreasing J. The obtained <Sz) is markedly different from the result of the second order perturbation theory and gradually tends to zero as J~O, satisfying the physical condition O<<Sz)<S all over the region of J. On the other hand, the obtained expectation values of the energy (H) and the number of the excited electrons <n>) coincide essentially with those of the second order perturbation theory. The present approximation may be regarded as the furthest extreme very opposite to Abrikosov approximation in which only the diagrams consisting of just one closed loop of particle line are summed up. (See Fig. 3.) The truth is expected to lie between the two approximations.

Model and perturbation series
H=Ho+ V,
(2 · 2)
a i 1
ot
Fig. 1. State density of semiconductorlike model.
<n>)=
(2 · 7a)
+4(ln 2S)ln ~ + const} + ···J.
(2· 7b)
An effect of manyelectron excited configurations
lff=i:,{ p
n=O W H0
(JE = <(f) IV!lff) .
(V&E)}n(f),
(3 ·1a)
(3·1b)
approximate wave function:
....., 2N
7J! ~ 7Jf =@ + ~ (jjn •
?t=l
Now we introduce several notations:
Ap=eksl,
ap+=a~ci"tal~,
p= (k, l),*)
(3 ·10)
(3 ·11)
(3·12)
Then, (3 ·10) may be rewritten as
(3 ·13)
(3 ·14)
(3 ·15)
(3 ·16)
(3 ·17)
Namely
Hence
=1+~2Nl( J)2n
n=l \N
d e l1  }
·ek el
2
=exp{(J) (lnLI+ln D+LI )}·
D D+LI 2D+LI
i 2 =  1(for S= ~ ).
2 D D+LI 2D+LI
Energy expectation value <H)
First we shall calculate <fJJIH0 jfi!).
Using the relation
we obtain
<fJJ IHoI fJJ) = ~ <(f)n IHoI (f)1~>
n
By means of the relations
<fJJ IVI fJJ) IS calculated as follows,
<fJJ lV[ fJJ) = 2 ~ <(f)n+ll VI (f)n)
n
<(f)nl VI (f)n) = 0 ,
Thus the righthand side reduces to
We obtain, therefore, the energy expectation value
<H> = (<iJf IHoI iJf >+ <iJf IVI iJf >)/in= W ( J) ~ l_
2
N P J..11
(3·18)
Then, we get
~ 1
P1>P2>··>Pn (A'p1 A'p2 · · · l''.pn) 2
Hence
(3 ·19)
§ 4. Discussion and conclusions
Fig. 2. Diagrams summed up in the treatment of § 3. These diagrams consist of plural
closed loops of particle line except for the first two.
=_!_ex { 2 (J/DY In (11/D) }
2 p 14/3(J/D)2ln2 (11/D) .
Acknowledgement
Appendix
1 4__,0 In ( D )
(s + s')2 ~ 2L1 '
4>o _!_ ln3 (!2_) ln2 (!2_) + (?) ln(!!_) + (?)
~ 3 ! \ 2J 2J 2J
d>0 1 1 nn(
D}\_,.. n! 2LI
(n12)! 1 nn1(2DL·f) ·+ · ·
inA= .ooE1 (J)2n Inn (D) =exp [(J\;2 In (D)].
n=o n!\D 2LI D 2LI
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