The impact of detoxification on the coping strategies in a sample of inpatient alcoholics

Annals of General Psychiatry, Apr 2008

Elias Tzavellas, Thomas Paparrigopoulos, Dimitrios Karaiskos, Nikos Stefanis, Agellos Komporozos, John Liappas

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The impact of detoxification on the coping strategies in a sample of inpatient alcoholics

Annals of General Psychiatry Poster presentation The impact of detoxification on the coping strategies in a sample of inpatient alcoholics Elias Tzavellas 0 1 Thomas Paparrigopoulos 0 1 Dimitrios Karaiskos 0 1 Nikos Stefanis 0 1 Agellos Komporozos 0 1 John Liappas 0 1 0 from International Society on Brain and Behaviour: 3rd International Congress on Brain and Behaviour Thessaloniki , Greece. 28 November - 2 December 2007 1 Address: Department of Psychiatry, Eginition Hospital, Athens University Medical School , Athens , Greece - Materials and methods The sample of the study comprised 200 Caucasian, Greek nationality patients (147 males, 53 females) randomly selected over a 3-year period, who fulfilled the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse/dependence, treated on an inpatient basis at the specialized drug and alcohol addiction service of the Athens University Psychiatric Clinic at the Eginition Hospital. Detoxification treatment was comprised of vitamin replacement (vitamin B complex, vitamin C, vitamin E) and oral administration of diazepam (30-60 mg daily in divided doses), with a gradual taper off over a week. Subjects were assessed with the Pilowski scale for hypochondria, the Leyton scale for obsessive-compulsive symptoms and the Sifneos scale for alexithymia. The questionnaires were administered at the beginning of the detoxification period and at discharge. Descriptive statistics are used for the presentation of results. Results Mean age SD of the sample was 47,4 11,7 years and mean daily alcohol consumption was 359,9 266,8 gr/ day. Upon admission the mean scores on the different scales were as follows: Leyton: 14,8 2,7, Pilowski: 9,32 2,63, Sifneos: 11,3 2,6. After completion of detoxification the scores were: Leyton: 9,07 3,05 (P<.000), Pilowski: 4,67 2,58 (p<.000), and Sifneos: 10,6 2,2 (NS). Conclusions Detoxification from alcohol appears to significantly change some aspects of the coping strategies of alcohol dependent individuals. Further investigation of this issue should be undertaken.


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Elias Tzavellas, Thomas Paparrigopoulos, Dimitrios Karaiskos, Nikos Stefanis, Agellos Komporozos, John Liappas. The impact of detoxification on the coping strategies in a sample of inpatient alcoholics, Annals of General Psychiatry, 2008, S325,