Light charged Higgs bosons to AW/HW via top decay

Journal of High Energy Physics, Nov 2015

While current ATLAS and CMS measurements exclude a light charged Higgs (m H ± < 160 GeV) for most of the parameter region in the context of the MSSM scenarios, these bounds are significantly weakened in the Type II 2HDM once the exotic decay channel into a lighter neutral Higgs, H ± → AW/HW, is open. In this study, we examine the possibility of a light charged Higgs produced in top decay via single top or top pair production, which is the most prominent production channel for a light charged Higgs at the LHC. We consider the subsequent decay H ± → AW/HW, which can reach a sizable branching fraction at low tan β once it is kinematically permitted. With a detailed collider analysis, we obtain exclusion and discovery bounds for the 14 TeV LHC assuming the existence of a 70 GeV neutral scalar. Assuming BR(H ± → AW/HW) = 100% and BR(A/H → ττ) = 8.6%, the 95% exclusion limits on BR(t → H + b) are about 0.2% and 0.03% for single top and top pair production respectively, with an integrated luminosity of 300 fb−1. The discovery reaches are about 3 times higher. In the context of the Type II 2HDM, discovery is possible at both large tan β > 17 for 155 GeV < m H ± < 165 GeV, and small tan β < 6 over the entire mass range. Exclusion is possible in the entire tan β versus \( {m}_{H^{\pm }} \) plane except for charged Higgs masses close to the top threshold. The exotic decay channel H ± → AW/HW is therefore complementary to the conventional H ± → τν channel.

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Light charged Higgs bosons to AW/HW via top decay

Received: May Light charged Higgs bosons to AW=H W Felix Kling 0 Adarsh Pyarelal 0 Shufang Su 0 at the LHC. 0 0 Department of Physics, University of Arizona While current ATLAS and CMS measurements exclude a light charged Higgs the possibility of a light charged Higgs produced in top decay via single top or top pair production, which is the most prominent production channel for a light charged Higgs We consider the subsequent decay H decay; Supersymmetry Phenomenology; Hadronic Colliders - < 160 GeV) for most of the parameter region in the context of the MSSM scenarios, these bounds are signi cantly weakened in the Type II 2HDM once the exotic decay channel into a lighter neutral Higgs, H ! AW=HW , is open. In this study, we examine ! AW=HW , which can reach a sizable branching fraction at low tan once it is kinematically permitted. With a detailed collider analysis, we obtain exclusion and discovery bounds for the 14 TeV LHC assuming the existence of a 70 GeV neutral scalar. Assuming BR(H and BR(A=H ! and 0.03% for single top and top pair production respectively, with an integrated luminosity of 300 fb 1 . The discovery reaches are about 3 times higher. In the context of the Type II 2HDM, discovery is possible at both large tan > 17 for 155 GeV < mH 165 GeV, and small tan < 6 over the entire mass range. Exclusion is possible in the ! AW=HW ) = 100% versus mH The exotic decay channel H plane except for charged Higgs masses close to the top threshold. 1 Introduction 2 3 4 Theoretical motivation Current limits Collider analysis Single top production Top pair production Introduction 5 Implication for the type II 2HDM 1 2 5 In July 2012, both the ATLAS and the CMS collaborations announced the discovery of a new resonance with a mass of 126 GeV, which is consistent with the predictions of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson [1, 2]. The data obtained in the following years allowed measurements of its mass and couplings and a determination of its CP properties and spin [3{5]. Nevertheless, there are many reasons, both from theoretical considerations and experimental observations, to expect physics beyond the SM, such as the hierarchy problem, neutrino masses and dark matter. There have been numerous attempts to build new physics models which can explain these puzzles. Some well known examples are the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) [6{8], the Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) [9, 10] and the Two Higgs Doublet Models (2HDM) [11{14]. Many of these new physics models involve an extended Higgs sector with an interesting phenomenology that might be testable at the LHC. In addition to the SM-like Higgs boson in these models, the low energy spectrum includes other CP-even Higgses1 H, CP-odd Higgses A, and a pair of charged Higgses H . The discovery of one or more of these new particles would be a clear indication of an extended Higgs sector as the source of electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). A number of searches have been performed at the LEP, Tevatron and the LHC, mainly focusing on decays of Higgses into SM particles [15{ 22]. However, exotic decay channels, in which a heavy Higgs decays into either two lighter Higgses, or a Higgs plus an SM gauge boson, open up and can even dominate if kinematically allowed, reducing the reach of the conventional search channels. Some of these channels have already been studied both in a theoretical [23{31] and experimental [32{34] 1Note that we use h0 and H0 to refer to the lighter or the heavier CP-even Higgs for models with two CP-even Higgs bosons. When there is no need to specify, we use H to refer to the CP-even Higgses. setting. Soon, more of those exotic Higgs decay channels will be accessible at the LHC. It is therefore timely to study the LHC reach of those channels more carefully. In the current study we examine the detectability of a light charged Higgs boson, < mt. The dominant production mode for such a light charged Higgs at the LHC is via top decay, given the large top production rate at the LHC. BR(t ! H b) can be enhanced at both large and small tan , due to the enhanced top and bottom Yukawa couplings. Current search strategies assume that the charged Higgs decays either leptonically (H ) or hadronically (H ! cs). The null search results at both the ATLAS and CMS exclude a light charged Higgs below a mass of about 160 GeV for most of such that the H channel is kinematically open, the branching fractions into the conventional nal states and cs are suppressed and the exclusion bounds can be signi cantly weakened. Due to experimental challenges at low energies, such a light neutral Higgs has not been fully excluded yet. A relatively large region of mH . 20 is still allowed, while no limits exist for mH The exotic decay channel of H ! AW=HW , on the other hand, o ers an additional opportunity for the detection of a light charged Higgs, closing the loophole of the current light charged Higgs searches. While there are strong constraints on the mass of the light charged Higgs from avor [35{37] and precision [38{42] observables, those limits are typically model dependent and could be relaxed when there are contributions from the other sectors of the model [43]. A direct search for a light charged Higgs, on the other hand, provides a model-independent and complementary reach. It is thus timely and worthwhile to fully explore the discovery or exclusion potential of the light charged Higgs at the LHC. In this paper we study the exotic decay of a charged Higgs H ! AW=HW with A=H . We focus on the light charged Higgs produced via top decay, considering both the single top and top pair production channels. The exclusion bounds and discovery reach will be explored and interpreted in the context of the Type II 2HDM. A collider analysis considering the same decay channel of a heavy charged Higgs produced in H tb associate production has been performed in [26]. We will proceed as follows. In section 2, we brie y introduce the Type II 2HDM and present scenarios that permit a large branching fraction for the process H In section 3, we summarize the current experimental constraints on a light charged Higgs. In section 4, we present the details of our collider analysis. We investigate the single top and top pair production channels in section 4.1 and 4.2, respectively, and present the model independent 95% C.L. exclusion and 5 discovery limits for both processes at the 14 TeV LHC with various luminosities in section 4.3. In section 5, we discuss the implications of our analysis for the Type II 2HDM and translate our results into reaches in parameter ! AW=HW . space. We conclude in section 6. Theoretical motivation i = (vi + i0 + iGi)=p2 where v1 and v2 are the vacuum expectation values of the neutral components which symmetry imposed on the Lagrangian, we are left with six free parameters, which can be chosen as four Higgs masses (mh0 , mH0 , mA, mH ), a mixing angle between the two CP-even Higgses, and the ratio of the two vacuum expectation values (tan = v2=v1). In the case where a soft breaking of the Z2 symmetry is allowed, there is an additional parameter, m212. In the Type II 2HDM, 1 couples to the leptons and down type quarks, while 2 couples to the up type quarks. Details of the Type II 2HDM can be found in the review paper [11]. The Higgs mass eigenstates contain a pair of CP-even Higgses (h0; H0), one CP-odd Higgs A and a pair of charged Higgses H , which can be written as: gW tb = p pmt=mb becomes close to the top mass. the corresponding couplings being gH cs = + mc cot ) If there is an additional light neutral Higgs boson h0 or A, additional decay channels into as the mixing angles [45]: If the charged Higgs is light, the top quark can either decay into W b or into H b. The rst decay is controlled by the SM gauge coupling with g being the SM SU(2)L coupling, while the second decay depends on tan Type II 2HDM or MSSM: gH tb = This coupling is enhanced for both small and large tan . In gure 1, we present contours of the branching fraction BR(t ! H b) in the mH plane, calculated using the 2HDMC [44]. We can see that the decay branching fraction BR(t ! H b) can reach values of 5% and above for both large and small tan , but reaches a minimum at tan 8. The branching fraction decreases rapidly when the charged Higgs mass Conventionally, a light charged Higgs is assumed to either decay into or cs, with with p being the incoming momentum for the corresponding particle. BRHt ® H±bL Figure 1. Branching fractions of BR(t ! H b) in the mH CP-even neutral Higgs H0 to be the observed 126 GeV SM-like Higgs. In this case j cos( ! h0W channel for a light charged Higgs is open only if we demand the heavy 1 is preferred by experiments and the H h0W coupling is unsuppressed. The coupling is independent of sin( ) and always unsuppressed. There is no H H0W channel since it is kinematically forbidden given mH < mt and mH0 In the generic 2HDM, there are no mass relations between the charged scalars, the scalar and pseudoscalar states. Therefore both the decays H can be accessible or even dominant in certain regions of the parameter space. It was shown in ref. [37] that in the Type II 2HDM with Z2 symmetry, imposing all experimental and theoretical constraints still leaves large regions in the parameter space that permit such exotic decays with unsuppressed decay branching fractions. In the left panel of gure 2, we show the contours of the branching fraction BR(H AW ) in the mH plane assuming mA = 70 GeV, h 0 being the SM-like Higgs and mH0 decoupled. This branching fraction dominates for values of tan less than 10 to 30 for charged Higgs masses in the range between 155 GeV and 170 GeV. For large values of tan , the channel dominates, as shown in the right panel of gure 2 for decay is kinematically suppressed. Similar results can be obtained for H mh0 = 70 GeV, sin( 0 and decoupled mA. The MSSM Higgs mass spectrum is more restricted. At tree level, the mass matrix depends on mA and tan only, and the charged Higgs mass is related to mA by m2H m2A + m2W . Large loop corrections are needed to increase the mass splitting to permit the decay of H ! AW . In the non-decoupling region of MSSM with H0 being the SM-like Higgs, the light CP-even Higgs h0 can be light: mh0 < mH mW . The branching fractions can reach values up to 10% [46] in some regions of parameter space. In the NMSSM the Higgs sector is enlarged by an additional singlet. The authors of [47, 48] have shown that decays of H plane. The right panel shows the branching fractions of H ! AW ) in the Type II 2HDM in ! AW (red), and cs (blue) as a function of tan for a 160 GeV H . Both plots assume the existence of a 70 GeV CP-odd scalar A, h0 being the SM-like Higgs and H0 decoupled. Current limits Searches for a light charged Higgs boson with mass mH < mt have been performed by both ATLAS and CMS [16, 17] with 19.7 fb 1 integrated luminosity at 8 TeV and 4.6 fb 1 integrated luminosity at 7 TeV. The production mechanism considered is top pair production in which one top quark decays into bH while the other decays into bW . These studies focus on the H decay channel, which is dominant in most parts of the parameter space in the absence of decays into lighter Higgses. Assuming a branching for the top quark branching fraction BR(t ! H b) varying between 1.2% to 0.16% for charged Higgs masses between 80 GeV and 160 GeV. This result can be translated into bounds on the MSSM parameter space. The obtained exclusion limits for the MSSM mhmax scenario can be seen in the right panel of gure 3 (the region to the left of the red line). Only charged Higgs masses in the small region 155 GeV < mH are still allowed. The ATLAS results [16] are similar. < 160 GeV around tan = 8 A search with the H nal states has been performed by ATLAS [18] using 4.7 fb 1 integrated luminosity at 7 TeV and by CMS [19] using 19.7 fb 1 integrated luminosity at 8 TeV. Assuming BR(H ! cs) = 100%, the ATLAS results imply an upper bound for BR(t ! bH ) around 5% to 1% for charged Higgs masses between 90 GeV and 150 GeV while the CMS searches impose an upper bound of BR(t ! bH ) around 2% to 7% for a charged Higgs mass between 90 and 160 GeV. These limits get weaker once we assume realistic branching fractions smaller than 100%. The left panel of gure 3 shows how the CMS limits on the branching fraction BR(t ! H b) can change signi cantly in the presence of an additional light neutral Higgs. Relaxed CMS Exclusion 25 Type II 2HDM with mA=70 GeV 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 ) (black line) [17], as well as the weakened limits in the Type II 2HDM in the presence of a light neutral Higgs for tan = 1 (red), tan = 7 (blue) and tan = 50 (green). Right panel: the excluded region in mH plane assuming a 100% BR(H ) (yellow and cyan regions) and the weakened limits with a light neutral Higgs (cyan region). Here we have assumed the light neutral Higgs to be a 70 GeV CP-odd scalar A. The black curve shows the CMS limits presented in [17] assuming a 100% BR(H The modi ed limits assuming the presence of a 70 GeV CP-odd neutral Higgs are shown = 1 (red), tan = 7 (blue) and tan = 50 (green). We can see that for large tan , the limits stay almost unchanged since H is the dominating decay channel, but for smaller values of tan these limits are weakened signi cantly. The right panel of gure 3 shows how the CMS limits in the mH in the presence of an additional light Higgs. The yellow shaded region (plus the cyan region) assumes a 100% BR(H ) while the cyan region assumes the Type II 2HDM branching fractions in the presence of a 70 GeV CP-odd neutral Higgs. For tan < 15, the surviving region in mH is much more relaxed, extending down to about 150 GeV. Therefore, the presence of exotic decay modes substantially weakens the current and future limits based on searches for the conventional H ; cs decay modes. A light charged Higgs could have a large impact on precision and avor observables [49]. For example, in the 2HDM, the bounds on b ! s restrict the charged Higgs to be heavier than 300 GeV. A detailed analysis of precision and avor bounds in the 2HDM can be found in refs. [35{37]. Flavor constraints on the Higgs sector are, however, typically modeldependent, and could be alleviated when there are contributions from other new particles in the model [43]. Since our focus in this work is on collider searches for a light charged Higgs and their implications for the Type II 2HDM, we consider the scenario of a light charged Higgs: mH < mt, as long as it satis es the direct collider Higgs search bounds. constrained by the A=H ! to the di culties in the identi cation of the relatively soft taus and the overwhelming SM backgrounds for soft leptons and -jets. Furthermore, LEP limits [22] based on V H associated production do not apply for the CP-odd A or the non-SM like CP-even Higgs. LEP limits based on AH pair production can also be avoided as long as mA + mH > 208 GeV. Therefore, in our analyses below, we choose the daughter (neutral) Higgs mass to be 70 GeV.2 There have been theoretical studies on other light charged Higgs production and decay channels. The authors of [50, 51] analyzed the possibility of using the single top production mode to observe a light charged Higgs boson decaying into a nal state. The detectability of a charged Higgs decay into a nal state or a nal state via AW with a light charged Higgs produced via top decay in top pair production has been investigated in [52] The H tb associated production with H ! AW=HW has been analyzed in detail in ref. [26], which focuses on heavy charged Higgs bosons (mH > mt). Given the same Higgs coming from top decay with top pair production. Furthermore, we analyze single signal due to its unique kinematic features. Collider analysis In our analysis we study the exotic decay H ! AW=HW of light charged Higgs bosons < mt) produced via top decay. We consider two production mechanisms: t-channel single top production3 (tj) and top pair production (tt) [54]. The light neutral Higgs boson can either be the CP-even H or the CP-odd A. In the analysis that follows, we use the decay H as an illustration. Since we do not use angular correlations of the charged Higgs decay, the bounds obtained for H apply to H fermionic decay A ! The neutral Higgs boson (A) itself will decay further. In this analysis we look at the for single top production and both the and the hadronic bb modes for top pair production. While the bb mode would have the advantage of a large branching fraction BR(A ! bb), the case has smaller SM backgrounds and therefore leads to a cleaner signal. We study both leptonic and hadronic decays and consider three cases: had had, lep had and lep lep. The lep had case is particularly promising since we can utilize the same sign dilepton signal with the leptons from the decays of the W and We use Madgraph 5/MadEvent v1.5.11 [55, 56] to generate our signal and background events. These events are passed to Pythia v2.1.21 [57] to simulate initial and radiation, showering and hadronization. The events are further passed through Delphes 2The mass of 70 GeV is also chosen to be above the hSM ! AA threshold to avoid signi cant deviations of the 126 GeV SM-like Higgs branching fractions from current measurements. 3We only consider the dominant t-channel single top mode since the s-channel mode su ers from a very small production rate and the tW mode has a nal state similar to that of the top pair production case. The cuts that we have imposed are: 1. Identi cation cuts. (4.1) (4.2) (4.3) Case A ( had had). One lepton ` = e or , two tagged jets, zero or one b tagged jet and at least one untagged jet: n` = 1; n = 2; nb = 0; 1; nj We require the -tagged jets to have charges of opposite signs. Case B ( lep had). Two leptons, one tagged jet, zero or one b tagged jet and at least one untagged jet: n` = 2; n = 1; nb = 0; 1; nj We require that both leptons have the same sign, which is opposite to the sign of the Case C ( lep lep). Three leptons, no tagged jet, zero or one b tagged jet and at least one untagged jet: n` = 3; n = 0; nb = 0; 1; nj 3.07 [58] with the Snowmass combined LHC detector card [59] to simulate detector effects. The discovery reach and exclusion bounds have been determined using the program RooStats [60, 61] and theta-auto [62]. In this section, we will present model independent limits on the BR for both 95% C.L. exclusion and 5 discovery for both single top and top pair production with possible bbW W /bbbbW W . We consider the parent particle mass mH in the range 150 Single top production For single top production, we consider the channel pp ! tj ! H bj ! AW bj ! The dominant SM backgrounds are W production, which we generate with up to two additional jets (including b jets); and top pair production with both fully and semi-leptonic decay chains, which we generate with up to one additional jet. We also take into account the SM backgrounds tj and ttll with l = (e; ; ). The following selection cuts for the identi cation of leptons, b jets and jets are used: j `;b; j < 2:5; j j j < 5; pT;`1;j;b > 20 GeV and pT;`2 > 10 GeV. 2. Neutrino reconstruction. We reconstruct the momentum of the neutrino using the missing transverse momentum and the momentum of the hardest lepton as described in [63], assuming that the missing energy is solely from W the neutrino reconstruction is relatively poor since there is additional missing energy from the leptonic −1 (left panel) and the transverse momentum of the tj system pT;tj (right panel) for the signal (red, solid) and the dominant SM backgrounds: tt (blue, dotted) and W (green, dotted). The imposed cuts are indicated by the vertical dashed lines. The histograms shown are for case A with mH = 160 GeV and mA = 70 GeV. 3. Neutral Higgs candidate A. The jets (case A), the jet and the softer lepton (case B) or the two softer leptons (case C) are combined to form the neutral Higgs candidate. In cases B and C the mass reconstruction is relatively poor due to missing energy from the neutrino associated with the leptonic 4. Charged Higgs candidate H . The neutral Higgs candidate, the reconstructed neutrino and the hardest lepton are combined to form the charged Higgs candidate. 5. Mass cuts. We place upper limits on the masses of the charged and neutral Higgs candidates, optimized for each mass combination. For mH = 160 GeV and mA = 70 GeV, we impose < 48 GeV and m W < 148 GeV. to peak around cos analysis we require 6. Angular correlation. A unique kinematical signature of single top production is the distribution of the angle , which is the angle between the top momentum in the tj system's rest frame and the tj system's momentum in the lab frame, as suggested in [64]. The di erential distribution for cos is shown in the left panel of gure 4 for signal (red, solid), tt (blue, dotted) and W (green, dotted). The signal tends 1 while the background is at for W and tt.4 In our 4As shown in [64], the cos distribution for tt background would peak around cos = 1 if the top quark could be reliably identi ed. However, in this paper we approximate the top quark momentum by the momentum of the charged Higgs candidate, which results in a at distribution of cos for the tt system. A: Identi cation [eq. (4.2)] Mass cuts [eq. (4.6)] B: Identi cation [eq. (4.3)] Mass cuts [eq. (4.6)] and pT;tj [eq. (4.7), (4.8)] and pT;tj [eq. (4.7), (4.8)] C: Identi cation [eq. (4.4 )] Mass cuts [eq. (4.6)] and pT;tj [eq. (4.7), (4.8)] 1.39 0.002 S=pB = 160 GeV and mA = 70 GeV at the 14 TeV LHC. We have chosen a nominal value for BR(pp ! tj ! H jb ! W bj) of 100 fb to illustrate the cut e ciencies for the signal process. 7. Top and recoil jet system momentum. In single top production, we expect that the transverse momentum of the top quark and recoil jet should balance each other, as shown in the right plot of gure 4 by the red solid curve. We impose the cut for the transverse momentum of the tj system: pT;tj < 30 GeV: This further suppresses the top pair background in the presence of additional jets coming from the second top. In Table 1, we show the signal and major background cross sections with cuts for a signal benchmark point of mH The rst row shows the total cross section before cuts, calculated using MadGraph. The following rows show the cross sections after applying the identi cation cuts, mass cuts and the additional cuts on cos chosen a nominal value for and pT;tj for all three cases as discussed above. We have BR(pp ! H bj ! W bj) of 100 fb.5 We can see that the dominant background contributions after particle identi cation are tt for cases A and C, and W for case B. The reach is slightly better in case B in which the same sign dilepton signature can reduce the tt background su ciently. Nevertheless, soft leptons from underlying events or b-decay can mimic the same sign dilepton signal. The obtained results are sensitive to the tagging e ciency as well as the misidenti cation rate. In our analyses, we have used a tagging e ciency of tag = 60% and a mistagging increase the signi cance of this channel. 5For the Type II 2HDM the top branching fraction into a charged Higgs for mH = 160 GeV is typically between 0.1% and 1% (see assuming the branching fractions BR(H ! AW ) = 100% and BR(A ! ) = 8:6% leads to the stated BR of around 21 tt [fb] ttll [fb] had had: Identi cation lep had: Identi cation lep lep: Identi cation column of S=p bbW W ) of 1000 fb to illustrate the cut e ciencies for the signal process. The last the identi cation cuts and m Top pair production We now turn to the top pair production channel pp ! tt ! H tb ! AbbW W ! A detailed collider study with the same nal states has been performed in [26] with a focus on high charged Higgs masses. The same strategy has been adopted for the light charged Higgs case and we refer to ref. [26] for details of the analysis. To analyze this channel, we consider decay modes of the neutral Higgs into had had, had lep, lep lep and bb. For the two W bosons, we require one to decay leptonically and the other to decay hadronically to reduce backgrounds. The dominant SM background for the channel is semi- and fully leptonic tt pair . We ignored the subdominant backgrounds from single vector boson production, W W , ZZ, single top production, as well as multijet QCD background. Those backgrounds are either small or can be su ciently suppressed by the cuts imposed. Similar backgrounds are considered for the bb process. In Table 2, we show the signal and major background cross sections of the with cuts for a signal benchmark point of mH = 160 GeV and mA = 70 GeV at the 14 TeV LHC, similar to Table 1. We have chosen a nominal value for BR(pp ! tt ! H tb ! bbW W ) of 1000 fb to illustrate the cut e ciencies for the signal process. After the cuts, the dominant background contributions are tt ( had had, lep lep) as well as ttll ( had lep) while the backgrounds including vector bosons do not contribute much. We nd that the case in which one decays leptonically and the other decays hadronically gives the best reach. This is because the same sign dilepton signature can reduce the tt background su ciently. Figure 5 displays the 95% C.L. exclusion (green curve) and 5 discovery (red curve) limits at the 14 TeV LHC for both the single top (left) and top pair (right) channel . The dotdashed, solid and dashed line show the results for three luminosities: 100 fb 1, 300 fb 1 and 1000 fb 1, respectively. In these plots we have combined all three cases of decays. While in the single top channel, all three cases contribute roughly the same to the overall signi cance, the highest sensitivity in the top pair production channel comes from the lep had case. Due to the small number of events in both channels, the statistical error dominates over the assumed 10% systematic error in the background cross sections. Therefore, higher luminosities lead to better reaches. Assuming 300 fb 1 integrated luminosity, the 95% C.L. limits on BR are about 35 and 55 fb for the single top and top pair production processes respectively. The discovery reaches are about 3 times higher. Assuming a 100% branching fraction BR(H ! AW ) and BR(A ! ) = 8:6%,6 we can reinterpret BR limits as limits on the branching fraction BR(t ! H b) as indicated by the vertical axis on the right. While the cross section limits are better in the single top channel, the corresponding limits on the branching fraction BR(t ! H b) are weaker due to the smaller single top production cross section. The 95% C.L. exclusion limit on BR(t ! H b) is about 0.2% for the single top process and 0.03% for the top pair production process, respectively. A study of the A ! bb decay using the top pair production channel leads to worse results due to the signi cantly higher SM backgrounds. For the 14 TeV LHC with 300 fb 1 the exclusion limit on BR is about 7 pb for a charged Higgs with mass mH = 160 GeV, typical ratio of BR(A=H ! bb) : Br(A=H ! in the bb case is much worse than that in the 3mb2=m2, we conclude that the reach We reiterate here that the exclusion and discovery limits on BR are completely model independent. Whether or not discovery/exclusion is actually feasible in this channel should be answered within the context of a particular model, in which the theoretically predicted cross sections and branching fractions can be compared with the exclusion or discovery limits. We will do this in section 5 using the Type II 2HDM as a speci c example. Implication for the type II 2HDM The results in the previous section on BR(t ! bH ) can be applied to any beyond the SM scenarios containing a light charged Higgs boson with the H ! AW=HW channel being kinematically accessible. To give a speci c example of the implication of this channel, we will now apply the exclusion and discovery limits in the context of the Type II 2HDM. The 2HDM allows us to interpret the observed Higgs signal either as the lighter CPeven Higgs (h0-126) or the heavier CP-even Higgs (H0-126). The authors of ref. [37] and including all the experimental and theoretical constraints. In the h0-126 case, we are restricted to either a SM-like region at sin( ) = 1 with tan < 4 or an extended 6Assuming bb and cs-channel is enhanced. are the dominant decay modes of a light A, BR(A ! ) = 8:6% in the Type II 2HDM or MSSM for medium to large tan . This branching fraction decreases for small tan H b) (right vertical axis) assuming BR(H ! AW ) = 100% and BR(A ! BR and BR(t ! ) = 8:6% for production channels. The dot-dashed, solid and dashed lines correspond to an integrated luminosity of 100, 300 and 1000 fb 1 respectively. Here, we have assumed a 10% systematic error on the fmH ; mA; mh0 ; mH0 g GeV BP1: f160; 70; 126; 700g BP2: f160; 700; 70; 126g Favored Region sin( sin( ) of the Type II 2HDM. The checkmarks indicate kinematically allowed channels. Also shown are the typical favored region of sin( ) for each case (see ref. [37]). region with 0:6 < sin( ) < 0:9 and 1:5 < tan < 4 with relatively unconstrained masses. In the H0-126 case, an SM-like region, around sin( ) = 0 and tan an extended region with ) < 0:05 and tan up to 30 or higher, survive all We can interpret the results of the previous section in two ways: the light neutral Higgs in the charged Higgs decay could either be the light CP-even Higgs h0 or the CPodd Higgs A. The decay mode H ! H0W is not possible given that mH0 The decay H ! AW is possible in both the h0-126 and H0-126 case and the partial decay width is independent of sin( ). The decay branching fraction, however, depends on whether H ! h0W is open or not. For simplicity, we choose a benchmark kinematically accessible. The decay width H ! h0W depends on sin( ) and is only sizable in the H0-126 case. We illustrate this case with a second benchmark point BP2: We list the benchmark points in Table 3. In the left panel of gure 6, we show the branching faction BR(H BP1, which is independent of sin( ) and decreases with increasing tan due to the 8160,70,126,700< 8160,700,70,126< for BP1 and BP2, respectively. ! AW (left panel) and H ! h0W (right panel) enhancement of the mode. The branching fraction can reach values of 90% or larger for < 4 and stays the dominating channel until tan = 12. The right panel of gure 6 shows the branching fraction, BR(H It reaches maximal values around sin( compared to BP1 due to the suppressed H h0W coupling. ) = 0 and decreases for larger j sin( In gure 7, we display the 95% exclusion (yellow regions enclosed by the solid lines as well as the cyan regions) and 5 discovery reach (cyan regions enclosed by the dashed lines) for BP1 (left panel) and BP2 (right panel) at the 14 TeV LHC with 300 fb 1 integrated luminosity. The red lines refer to the limits based on top pair production, and the blue lines refer to the limits based on single top production. For the benchmark point BP1 with H ! AW , the exclusion reach based on top pair production covers the entire parameter space, while discovery is possible for small tan and large tan > 18, independent of sin( ). Intermediate values of tan have a reduced branching fraction BR(t ! H b) (see gure 1) and therefore the total BR is suppressed. At high tan , BR(t ! H b) is enhanced su ciently to overcome the reduced branching ! AW ). The search based on single top production is only e ective in the region, with an exclusion reach of tan < 4 and a discovery reach of tan The right panel of gure 7 shows the reach for BP2. The exclusion region for top pair production covers the entire parameter space except for j sin( )j > 0:85 and tan Discovery is possible for large tan > 18 with j sin( )j < 0:5 and for small tan The reach for single top production is limited to the small tan gure 8, we show the reach in the mH plane for H ! AW with mA = 70 GeV with both h0 and H0 outside the kinematic reach. These limits also apply for ! h0W with mh0 = 70 GeV and sin( 95% exclusion (yellow regions enclosed by the solid lines as well as the cyan regions) and 5 discovery limits (cyan regions enclosed by the dashed lines) for an integrated luminosity ) = 0 with a decoupled A. We display the discovery reach (cyan regions enclosed by the dashed lines) obtained by the tj-channel (blue) and tt-channel (red) in the tan ) plane for BP1 (left panel) and BP2 (right panel), with an integrated luminosity of 300 fb 1 at the 14 TeV LHC. of 300 fb 1 at the 14 TeV LHC. Superimposed are the current CMS limits (black hatched region) [17] which exclude the large tan region at mH The best reach is obtained by the top pair channel, as indicated by regions enclosed by the red lines. The model can be excluded up to 167 GeV for all tan and up to 170 GeV < 4 or tan > 29. Discovery is possible for both low tan <6 in the entire region of 150 GeV < mH < 170 GeV and high tan > 17 with 155 GeV < mH < 165 GeV. The reach is weakened for intermediate tan due to the reduced branching fraction t ! H b. The single top channel (blue lines) only provides sensitivity in the low tan permits exclusion (discovery) for tan We conclude this section with the following observations: and intermediate values of tan . The reach in the H mode is signi cantly weakened in the presence of the H ! AW=h0W modes, in particular for small to intermediate tan , leaving the possibility of a light charged Higgs that has escaped detection so far. Both the H H0-126 case permit exclusion and discovery in large regions of the parameter space. ! AW channel for the h0-126 case and the H ! h0W channel in the The reach in the exotic channels H the conventional search channel H ! AW=h0W is complementary to the reach in , especially for small to intermediate values While the top pair production channel covers a large region of parameter space, the single top channel permits discovery/exclusion in the low tan discovery (cyan regions bounded by the dashed lines) imposed by the tj-channel (blue) and tt-channel (red) in the mH The same limits apply for mh0 = 70 GeV and sin( ) = 0 if A is decoupled. The black hatched region indicates the region excluded by the CMS search based on H After the discovery of the rst fundamental scalar by both the ATLAS and CMS collaboration, it is now time to carefully measure its properties to determine the nature of this particle. Current measurements still permit the possibility that the discovered signal is not the SM Higgs particle, but just one scalar particle contained in a larger Higgs sector, as predicted by many extensions of the SM. While most of the current searches for the non-SM Higgs bosons focus on conventional search channels, increasing attention is being paid to exotic Higgs decay channels [23{34] into a pair of lighter Higgses or a Higgs plus nal states that can become dominant once kinematically allowed. In this paper we consider the possibility of a light charged Higgs mH < mt produced via top decay t ! H b. Due to the large single top and top pair production cross section at the LHC, the charged Higgs can be produced copiously. Assuming that a light charged Higgs predominantly decays into , both ATLAS and CMS exclude a light charged Higgs for most regions of the MSSM and the Type II 2HDM parameter spaces. The branching ) can be signi cantly reduced once the exotic decay channel into fraction BR(H a light Higgs, H search get weakened, in particular for small and intermediate tan , leaving the possibility of a light charged Higgs open. This loophole, however, can be closed when we consider the alternative charged Higgs decay channel: H ! AW=HW . In this paper we analyze the possibility of discovering a light charged Higgs via the While the top pair channel bene ts from a large production cross section, the single top channel permits a cleaner signal due to its unique kinematic features. Assuming the existence of a light neutral Higgs of mass 70 GeV, the model independent 95% C.L. exclusion limits on BR based on channel are about 35 fb for the single top channel and 55 fb for the top pair channel. The discovery reaches are about three times higher. Assuming BR(H ! AW=HW ) = 100% and BR(A=H limits on BR(t ! H+b) are about 0.2% and 0.03% for single top and top pair production, respectively. A signi cantly worse reach is obtained in the bb channel. ) = 8:6%, the exclusion We discuss the implications of the obtained exclusion and discovery bounds in the context of the Type II 2HDM, focusing on two scenarios: the decay H a light A in the h0-126 case and the decay H ! h0W in the H0-126 case. The top pair channel provides the best reach and permits discovery for both large tan around mH = 160 GeV and small tan < 6 over the entire mass range, while exclusion is possible in the entire tan versus mH plane except for charged Higgs masses close to the top threshold. The single top channel is sensitive in the low tan region and permits discovery for tan < 3. In particular, the low tan region is not constrained by channel, making the H Higgs searches. ! AW=h0W a complementary channel for charged While most of the recent searches for additional Higgs bosons have focused on conventional decay channels, searches using exotic decay channels have just started [23{34]. 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Felix Kling, Adarsh Pyarelal, Shufang Su. Light charged Higgs bosons to AW/HW via top decay, Journal of High Energy Physics, 2015, 51, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2015)051