Di-photon excess illuminates dark matter

Journal of High Energy Physics, Mar 2016

We propose a simplified model of dark matter with a scalar mediator to accommodate the di-photon excess recently observed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations. Decays of the resonance into dark matter can easily account for a relatively large width of the scalar resonance, while the magnitude of the total width combined with the constraint on dark matter relic density leads to sharp predictions on the parameters of the Dark Sector. Under the assumption of a rather large width, the model predicts a signal consistent with ∼ 300 GeV dark matter particle and ∼ 750 GeV scalar mediator in channels with large missing energy. This prediction is not yet severely bounded by LHC Run I searches and will be accessible at the LHC Run II in the jet plus missing energy channel with more luminosity. Our analysis also considers astro-physical constraints, pointing out that future direct detection experiments will be sensitive to this scenario.

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Di-photon excess illuminates dark matter

HJE Di-photon excess illuminates dark matter Mihailo Backovic 0 1 3 Alberto Mariotti 0 1 2 3 Diego Redigolo 0 1 3 0 Pleinlaan 2 , B-1050 Brussels , Belgium 1 Universite Catholique de Louvain , Louvain-la-neuve , Belgium 2 Theoretische Natuurkunde and IIHE/ELEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 3 Universitee Pierre et Marie Curie , 4 place Jussieu, F-75005, Paris , France We propose a simpli ed model of dark matter with a scalar mediator to accommodate the di-photon excess recently observed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations. Decays of the resonance into dark matter can easily account for a relatively large width of the scalar resonance, while the magnitude of the total width combined with the constraint on dark matter relic density leads to sharp predictions on the parameters of the Dark Sector. Under the assumption of a rather large width, the model predicts a signal consistent with nels with large missing energy. This prediction is not yet severely bounded by LHC Run I searches and will be accessible at the LHC Run II in the jet plus missing energy channel with more luminosity. Our analysis also considers astro-physical constraints, pointing out that future direct detection experiments will be sensitive to this scenario. Beyond Standard Model; Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM 1 Introduction 2 3 4 Experimental constraints Future signatures A Comments on UV completion Di-photon excess in a dark matter simpli ed model Introduction Both ATLAS and CMS collaborations recently announced a search for reasonances in the di-photon channel, featuring an excess of events around m 750 GeV [1, 2]. The result sparked an enormous interest within the theoretical physic community, with no less than 35 preprints appearing by the end of the week from the LHC and ATLAS announcement [3{34]. The excess suggests a resonance structure (X) with: (pp ! X) BR(X ! ) & 2 fb ; mX that the new physics models which can explain the excess contain likely either CP-even (S), CP-odd (a) scalars, or a spin two massive object (G0 ). In both scenarios the coupling to photons is controlled by operators of dimension ve or higher, and hence generically suppressed with respect to tree level couplings by at least one power of a new mass scale and some loop factors. While a spin 2 object can certainly be motivated in the context of extra dimensions [ 37 ], in this paper we focus on the simpler possibility of a scalar resonance which we take considerations [ 38, 39 ] or by dark matter physics [40{43]. It is rather di cult to satisfy the large width of (1.3) by assuming a dominant branching ratio into photons or gluons, essentially because of the dimensional suppression of the scalar couplings to photons and gluons. Moreover, increasing the width via decays into SM pairs is likely to be challenged by exclusion limits on new resonances from the LHC Run I at The lack of observation of either new charged states with mass < mS;a=2 the possibility that the large width of the singlet resonance is a result of decays into a Dark Sector. The singlet could then play the role of a \scalar mediator" between the Standard Model and the Dark Sector where, say, a fermionic candidate for dark matter (DM) resides. We will show how requiring that the fermionic DM candidate fully accommodates the observed relic abundance of DMh2 0:12 [44] determines completely the parameters of the Dark Sector, namely the DM mass and its coupling strength to the singlet. Even though we focus our discussion on the large width scenario (1.3), the same framework can certainly accomodate the di-photon excess in the narrow width scenario. This is the case in regions of the parameter space where the DM mass is & mS=2, as well as in regions featuring very small couplings between the singlet and the DM, which naturally lead to a small decay width for S. However, we nd such scenarios less motivated, since the introduction of a DM candidate in this case does not serve a purpose of explaining any feature of the di-photon signal. The possibility of a new scalar resonance as the mediator between the Dark Sector and the Standard Model (SM) is very much in the spirit of simple models of singlet DM [40{43]. In order to simplify the discussion we are going to focus on a minimally model dependent case of a CP-even scalar S coupled to a Dirac-like fermonic dark matter. We present a simple scenario where the di-photon excess is a manifest of the singlet scalar DM portal with e ective couplings to SM gauge bosons (while the Higgs portal coupling is negligible). The observed features of the di-photon excess combined with cosmological constraints on DM lead to a sharp prediction of a dark matter candidate with mass mDM 300 GeV . mS=2; and a coupling to the scalar of O(1). This prediction is consistent with the existing experimental bounds from correlated LHC-8TeV searches like Z [ 45 ], di-jets [46] and j+MET [47] and from dark matter direct and indirect detection experiments. Moreover the sizeable coupling of the singlet to dark matter suggests that the LHC-13TeV searches for large missing energy associated with a jet, , h or Z should observe a signal consistent with dark matter of mDM 300 GeV and a mediator with mass mS 750 GeV in the near future. Furthermore, such signal will be within the reach of the next generation direct detection [48] experiments. From the point of view of the ultra-violet (UV) completions of our simpli ed model, a challenge will be to suppress the mixing of the singlet with the SM Higgs as well as generate sizeable couplings to photons and gluons. In appendix A we discuss a concrete UV complete scenario in the context of supersymmetry (SUSY) where the pseudo-modulus { 2 { (sgoldstino) generically associated to spontaneous SUSY-breaking can be responsible for the DM portal [49{51] and have the right structure of the couplings. Motivated by SUSY scenarios (where the pseudo-modulus is in general a complex scalar) we comment on how the phenomenology will change in the presence of a CP-odd singlet a. A more comprehensive analysis is left for future works. The remainder of the paper is organised as follows. In section 2 we present our simpli ed model for Dirac dark matter based on a CP-even scalar portal. We discuss its decay channels and how the requirements on the di-photon resonance and dark matter can be ful lled. In section 3 we discuss the experimental constraints from the LHC-8TeV and from DM detection experiments and present a nal summary of the allowed parameter space. discussion about the possible UV completions of the simpli ed model presented in section 2 and a brief analysis on the phenomenology of a CP-odd singlet motivated by SUSY UV completions. 2 Di-photon excess in a dark matter simpli ed model We consider an e ective lagrangian for a new spin zero and CP-even particle S (J p = 0+) which couples at tree level to a massive Dirac fermion . Both S and the fermion are singlet under the Standard Model and a global avor symmetry under which is charged guarantees a stable fermionic DM candidate + (gDMS + M ) gW W SW W + gBB SB B : (2.1) We x the UV scale to = 104 GeV conservatively sticking to the regime of validity of the e ective eld theory. The dimensionless couplings are taken to be order O(1), while the missing operators allowed by the symmetries in the e ective lagrangian are assumed to be suppressed by small couplings. Here we focus on the basic phenomenological properties of the simpli ed model of dark matter in (2.1), taking a bottom-up approach,1 while we postpone the justi cation of our working assumptions in considering (2.1) for the appendix A. The total width: considering the couplings in (2.1), the singlet scalar can decay into SM gauge bosons, or invisibly with the leading order decay rate (S ! ) = 2 gDMmS 8 1 4M 2 !3=2 m2S : (2.2) In gure 1 we display the branching ratios of S decays into the various channels, for some representative values of the couplings, as a function of the DM mass. As soon as the tree 1For our phenomenological studies, we employ FeynRules [52], MadGraph5 [53, 54], MadDM [55, 56] and micrOMEGAs [ 57 ]. { 3 { L=10 TeV, gDM=1.5, gBB=1, gGG=1 3, gWW=1 2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 100 Branching Ratios BRHS®invL BRHS®SML BRHS®ΓΓL BRHS®GGL BRHS®WWL BRHS®ZZL BRHS®ZΓL MΨ HGeVL 400 500 the gluon decay mode is enhanced by the color factor. indicate the ratio of the width of S over its mass, i.e. mtoSt . As we pointed out in the introduction, the ATLAS analysis hints towards a con guration of the spectrum and the couplings for which mS tot 3{9%. Figure 1 clearly shows the di culties in obtaining a percent-level width by considering dominant decay modes into SM particles, which contribute . 0:5% to mtoSt . This feature is generic of models where the decay modes into SM particles are generated through higher dimensional operators only, if we conservatively stick to the regime of validity of the e ective eld theory. In such scenarios a tree level decay mode certainly helps to enhance the width of the resonance. decay of the singlet into DM pairs (2.2). Indeed the requirement on a large width alone (1.3) imposes a lower bound on the Yukawa-like coupling of the singlet to DM: gDM & 0:9. In what follows we will show how this leads to very interesting implications for both DM direct detection as well as collider phenomenology. { 4 { production cross section at 13 TeV for a scalar singlet (pp ! S) in pb. The di-photon signal strength: the new singlet scalar S can be produced via gluon fusion at the LHC through the dimension ve operator controlled by gGG. Once the UV cut-o is xed the production cross section is determined by gGG. Figure 2 shows that by dialing gGG one can easily achieve (pp ! S) O(pb). The branching ratios into SM channels are xed by the parameters gW W ; gBB and gGG in the dimension ve operators in (2.1) and result in decay modes which contribute to dijet, di-boson, di-photon and Z nal states. In order to reduce the number of parameters of the model we will x gW W 0 in the remaining of this paper. Note that suppressing gW W is going to arti cially enhance the channel with respect to ZZ and W W . However, modifying this assumption will not a ect our main conclusion. Assuming gW W 0 the signal cross section scales like (X ! ) 2 2 gGGgBB at xed dark matter mass and gDM. In gure 2 we also give an idea of the expected signal strength, before cuts, for a scalar singlet S decaying into photons at LHC-13TeV as a function of the DM mass which we take to be below m2S so that S has always a sizeable invisible width (2.2). The regions where (S ! ) > 2 fb depends on the value of the DM mass M once the coupling strength gDM is xed to be O(1). At xed dark matter mass, the boundary of the viable signal strength region reproduces the expected parametric dependence on gGGgB2B. The maximum signal strength is achieved when the DM mass approaches the 2 kinematical limit M m2S and the invisible width controlled by (2.2) is reduced. { 5 { From gure 1 and gure 2 we see an interesting tension between enhancing the signal strength and the total width at the same time. A large cross section in would prefer a DM mass close to the kinematic threshold in order to suppress (S ! invisible). On the other hand, a large width of order mtoSt few% prefers a DM mass of O(100) GeV. In the following we will see how these two constraints together with the LHC-8TeV bounds select a speci c region of the gGG-gBB plane where also a viable DM candidate can be accommodated. Dark matter relic abundance: the model we discuss also aims to account for the observed relic abundance of DM in the Universe, i.e. h 2 ' 0:12. The annihilation cross section of DM into SM particles is driven by higher dimensional operators, typically resulting in annihilation rates which are too low to obtain the correct h2 for generic values of the dimensionless couplings and dark matter mass. The correct value for obtained if the annihilation is kinematically enhanced, i.e. if the mass of the DM is \close"2 h2 can be to the singlet resonance. Note that this is exactly the same region where the signal strength in is maximized as shown in gure 2. In the same region the kinematical suppression reduces the invisible width of the scalar (2.2) and hence the total width (see gure 1). We then expect the Dark Matter mass and coupling gDM to be fully determined by the intersection of the relic density and resonance width constraints. Indeed, requiring a large width in combination with relic density alone provides strong constraints on the parameters of the Dark Sector. In order to clarify this aspect further, we performed a Markov-chain exploration of the model parameter space in fgGG; gBB; gDM; M g. Figure 3 shows the results, where we projected the four dimensional parameter space onto the (gDM; M ) plane. The correct relic density and a large total width can be obtained only in the region of dark matter mass of the order of M 300 GeV, regardless of the values of gBB and gGG. In the following we will show that some of the model points which satisfy both the relic density and the large width requirement (red diamonds in gure 3) are also able to accommodate the observed di-photon signal strength. The exact desired values of the Dark Sector will depend on the value of the total width and somewhat on the spin of the DM particle and the chiral nature of the di-photon resonance. However, the overall conclusion that the requirement of a total width combined with relic density will essentially x the parameters of the Dark Sector appears to be robust and weakly dependent on the remaining model parameters. Benchmark points: For concreteness we selected four benchmark points which provide a yield in of O(1{10) fb, roughly required to explain the observed di-photon excess (1.1): P1 : P2 : P3 : P4 : gGG = 0:25 gGG = 0:25 gGG = 0:14 gGG = 0:14 gBB = 1 ; gBB = 2 ; gBB = 1 ; gBB = 2 ; (2.3) 2While the term \close to the resonance" is often used in the context of resonant dark matter annihilation, it is seldom pointed out that the relevant measure for correct relic density is in fact jmS 2M j= tot . O(1). { 6 { No constraint Ωh2=0.1- 0.13 Ωh2=0.1- 0.13, Γ tot / mS= 3- 9 % 250 300 350 Mψ [GeV] the M ; gDM plane. The scan assumes a Gaussian likelihood function centered around where the range of allowed parameters is bounded by gBB = [10 2; 2]; gGG = [10 2; 1]; gDB = h 2 = 0:12; [10 2; 3] and m = [200; 375] GeV. The blue circles represent the total of 10000 points scanned over by the Markov-chain, with no additional constraints. The green triangles represent a subset of the sampled points which give relic density in the range of 0:1 < h2 < 0:13. The red diamonds assume an additional requirement of mtoSt = (3{9)% GeV. The dashed lines represent the range in which the total width in the range of (3{9)% of mS can be explained by dominant decays into dark matter. where we are keeping xed the cut-o scale at = 10 TeV. We intentionally choose O(1) values for gBB, which opens up the parameter space leading to a sizeable cross section. illustrative purpose, we select a large range for the mediator width (1.3) with the ATLAS preferred value of tot=mS = 6% as central value. The relic abundance band shows the region of DMh2 0:12, with black lines indicating DMh2 = 0:12. The relic abundance band is weakly dependent on the coupling as expected for an annihilation cross section dominated by an s-channel resonance and xes the DM mass to be M m2S . The desired region is the overlap between the large width band (in purple) and the dark matter relic abundance line (black solid). For the large values of the dark matter mass necessary to obtain the correct relic abundance, a width in the selected range can be achieved only with a large dark matter coupling gDM. This result is in agreement with the expectation that the dark matter relic abundance together with the requirement on the width of S essentially xes both gDM and M . By inspecting gure 4, we can select representative values of the dark matter mass and dark matter coupling gDM, where we chose the total width tot 30 GeV for illustrative { 7 { HJEP03(216)57 Wh2= 0.12 25 fb ΣΓΓ=9 fb Wh2= 0.12 100 fb 25 fb 250 MΨ HGeVL from the top left to the bottom right corresponds to our four benchmark choices in (2.3). The blue band shows regions where mS tot (3{9)% (in blue) while the region where h 2 < 0:12 is shown in beige. At the boundaries of the beige region (black, solid lines) the Dirac fermion accounts for all the DM relic abundance. We overlaid the contours of the di-photon production cross section at LHC 13 as dashed red curves, where the thick dashed curve corresponds to tot 30 GeV. The intersection of the width band with the relic density line essentially xes the dark matter parameters, as already observed in gure 3. purpose. We denote the model points as p1:::4 in gure 4. Table 1 summarizes the signal yield in the di-photon channel and the DM relic abundance for the four selected benchmark points, where all the parameters of the model are now xed by requiring a large mediator width, a sizable cross section, and the correct dark matter abundance. Note that the production cross section for our benchmarks ranges between 2{25 fb, providing enough room to t the ATLAS and CMS excess while taking into account event selection e ciency and the acceptance. { 8 { benchmark (gGG; gBB) gDM (0.25,1) (0.25,2) (0.14,1) (0.14,2) parameters for the four selected benchmark points. 3 Experimental constraints The scenario we consider is bounded by several existing collider searches at p s = 8 TeV and by astro-particle searches that we discuss in more detail in the following sections. For a previous study of LHC Run I constraints on DM models with mediators see e.g. [58]. LHC-8TeV constraints: the model we propose populates di erent nal state topologies, given the rich decay pattern of the scalar mediator (see gure 1). For the benchmark points that we selected in order to accommodate the di-photon excess as well as to obtain the correct relic abundance the largest contribution to collider signals is in channels with missing energy. However, the channels in which the mediator decays into SM particles, even if suppressed by a small branching fraction, can also lead to stringent bounds. The most relevant collider bounds from LHC searches at p s = 8 TeV are: Recent CMS [59] search for a di-photon resonance in the mass range 150 to 850 GeV. For a scalar resonance with mass mS 750 GeV, their results impose an upper bound of Mono-jet searches provide the most stringent bounds on signals with large missing energy. CMS [47] as well as ATLAS [61] put a bound of (MET + j) . 6 fb for signals with MET > 500 GeV. Recent CMS di-jet searches for resonances at p s = 8 TeV [46] provide weak limits for production cross section of (jj) . 1 pb for scalar resonances which couple dominantly to gg of mass around the TeV scale. We will adopt this limit for a scalar resonance of mS 750 GeV as a conservative estimate. The ATLAS search [62] provides a bound on the ZZ cross section of the order ZZ < 12 fb for a scalar resonance of mS section is suppressed with respect to the 750 GeV. In our scenario the ZZ cross cross section by a factor ( scWW )4 0:1, since we xed gW W 0. Hence the bound on ZZ is less relevant than the ones on and Z . { 9 { HJEP03(216)57 Dark matter detection constraints: beside collider bounds, we expect that our dark matter model can also be constrained by direct and indirect detection experiments. Direct detection experiments can constrain the model since the lagrangian (2.1) induces the following e ective operator between the dirac dark matter and the gluons Le gDMgGG m2S G G : Notice that the strength of this operator is correlated with the requirement on the large total width as shown in gure 4. The resulting spin independent cross section for DM scattering o nucleons is then given by (see e.g. [40]) the scale of the singlet mass. In our estimate of the direct detection constraints we are neglecting subleading operators which will be generated by the running from the UV scale to the typical scale of direct detection experiment ( GeV). This operators should be added in a more precise treatment of direct detection bounds.3 The LUX experiment [63] provides a limit on the contact interaction between scalar mediators and gluons of SI . 4 cm2 for a dark matter of mass around 300 GeV. Concerning indirect detection, the annihilation is velocity suppressed in the case of a real scalar mediator. We hence do not expect strong bounds on our model from measurements of galactic gamma ray uxes. We regardless estimate the cross section for annihilation of galactic DM into photons in our benchmark points for completeness. Recent measurements of galactic gamma rays from the FERMI collaboration [64] put a bound of h vi . 10 28 cms 3 for a DM mass of O(300) GeV that we adopt for our scenario.4 Combined constraints: The question of how much of the parameter space which can explain the di-photon signal strength is still allowed by the existing experimental searches tot mS remains. For this purpose, we performed a scan over fgGG; gBB; gDM; M g, accepting only points featuring a width in the range 3% 9%, > 2 fb and non over-abundance of dark matter. Figure 5 shows the results, where we projected the four dimensional scan onto the (gGG; gBB) plane, marginalizing over gDM and M . Signal yield of > 2 fb can be obtained only in the region above and to the right of the solid blue line (as expected since the cross section scales like gG2GgBB for a xed total width). 2 In the same plot we display the bounds from LHC-8TeV searches as dashed/dotted lines, where dashed lines represent the strongest limits in the marginalization and dotted lines stand for the weakest limits. Requiring h2 = 0:12 via thermal annihilation of will x the value of M and gDM, as shown in gure 3. The resulting limits then sit between the dashed and dotted lines, as we will illustrate for the choice of benchmark points p1:::4. 3We thank Paolo Panci for interesting discussions on this point. 4The bound depends on the halo pro le and varies in the range (10 27{10 28) cms 3 . P1 P3 1.5 gBB DD P2 P4 1.0 0.8 0.6 G G g 0.4 0.2 0.0 g Zg j+MET Gtot <3% 0.0 0.5 1.0 2.0 2.5 3.0 ruled out by individual searches speci ed on the plot, where we use dotted lines to represent the weakest limits in the marginalization and the dashed lines for the strongest limits. The solid blue line and the shaded region below it corresponds to the region of parameter space which can not account for a large width of the di-photon resonance. The points labeled as capital P1 4 represent the benchmark model points in (gGG; gBB) of (2.3), we use as illustrations in the paper. The direct detection bounds labeled DD assume The direct detection limits displayed in gure 5 assume that the local dark matter density corresponds always to h 2 0:12, although the relic density contribution from thermal annihilation of does not have to account for all of the observed relic density. The direct detection limits could hence be weaker than the ones we present. However, note that even in most stringent case of direct detection limits, the searches for MET+j provide the strongest absolute constraints on gGG. Hence, direct detection results do not provide relevant limits on gGG once MET+j constraints are taken into account. The other 8TeV collider results are instead able to constrain the combination of gBB and gGG. Our results show that the non-shaded portion of parameter space with gGG . 0:3, assuming gBB O(1), is still allowed by the LHC-8TeV data as well as by dark matter direct detection constraints. Note that this region of model parameters is also able to accommodate the di-photon excess signal strength. Benchmark points: table 2 shows a summary of all the experimental constraints on our scenario for the four benchmark model points in table 1. Benchmark point 2, with (gGG; gBB) = (0:25; 2), gives the largest yield in the di-photon signal (see table 1) and it Benchmark p1 p2 p3 p4 < 3:5 fb 0.86 3.6 < 6 fb 3.7 3:9 10 32 10 45cm2 experiments on the four benchmark points described in table 1. All collider cross sections are given in fb and assume p cut of pjT > 20 GeV; j < 2:5, while for the MET+j we impose a cut of pjT > 500 GeV. s = 8 TeV. For the constraints on jj we compute the cross section imposing a is already severely constrained by the nal state. Interestingly, requiring the correct DM relic abundance for that choice of gGG and gBB, and hence xing gDM and M to the values in table 1, enhances the Z branching ratio making the benchmark 2 also excluded by Z searches at LHC-8TeV. The other benchmark points are all within the allowed experimental bounds, both from collider and from dark matter experiments, and can provide viable scenarios to accommodate the di-photon excess as well as to account for the correct relic density of dark matter. Note that the benchmark points predict a direct detection cross section which is not far from the actual experimental reach, and will likely be accessible in future experiments. 4 Future signatures In this note we have proposed a simpli ed dark matter model with a mediator of mass 750 GeV to account for the di-photon excess recently reported by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations. If the resonance is a scalar singlet, the requirement of a moderately large resonance width from the ATLAS collaboration (see (1.3)) hints to the existence of extra decay channels.. Here we have investigated the possibility that the scalar singlet has an extra decay mode into an invisible particle which can play the role of a dark matter candidate. This simple assumption, together with the requirement of a correct relic abundance, provides a prediction for the mass of the dark matter, that should be around 300 GeV for a scalar mediator of 750 GeV. The model is indeed very predictive and we can identify the expected signatures in other channels at LHC-13TeV and in dark matter experiments. The most distinctive LHC signature is in MET+j which has the largest cross section and will be reachable at LHC13TeV with more luminosity. From the model independent analysis of CMS [47] one can estimate the luminosity needed to exclude our model at 13 TeV by assuming that the e ciencies for the main SM backgrounds are the same as in the 8 TeV run. We focus on the MET > 500 GeV bin, which gave the most stringent constraints at 8 TeV. A back of the envelope estimate indicates that the benchmark point p1 (with large MET+j cross section) should be within reach with a few fb 1 at 13 TeV. Benchmark points p3 and p4 (with small MET+j cross section) would instead need few tens of fb 1 to be excluded. We then argue that essentially all the viable portion of parameter space in gure 5 should be within the reach of LHC-13TeV with . 100 fb 1 of luminosity. A more detailed analysis, which we leave for a future work, is necessary in order to extract more precise values for luminosity needed to explore the allowed parameter space in our model. The nal state Z is also a promising channel. However, note that by tuning the couplings gBB and gW W one can generically suppress this branching ratio,5 and thus the signal. Hence the Z is not a generic prediction of our model, in contrast to MET+j. Interestingly, dark matter experiments are also going to be able to probe our model. The future direct detection experiments should reach a sensitivity of approximately 10 46 cm2 for spin independent cross section assuming a dark matter mass of around 300 GeV (see e.g. XENON1T prospects [48]), which is in the ballpark of the predictions for our benchmark points (see table 2). In fact, future direct detection experiments should be able to probe most of the parameter space of the model which features a large width and is compatible with LHC-8TeV MET+j searches (i.e. the region illustrated in gure 5 with gGG . 0:3), as the direct detection cross section is set essentially by gGG and gDM (see eq. (3.2)). Note that both MET+j and direct detection DM cross sections can be reduced by decreasing the value of the coupling gGG. However, in order to maintain a signi cant yield in the channel, this should be accompanied by an increase of gBB, pushing the model into a somehow less appealing region of the parameter space (especially from the point of view of the UV completion). We conclude that the simpli ed dark matter model we presented here provides sharp phenomenological predictions that can be further scrutinized in both LHC-13TeV and in future searches for galactic dark matter. We leave a more complete exploration of the parameter space of this scenario and the possibility of embedding it into UV complete models beyond the Standard Model for future investigations. Acknowledgments We thank Brando Bellazzini, Dario Buttazzo, Adam Falkowski, Gilad Perez, Filippo Sala and Michael Spannowsky for interesting discussions. We also thank Andreas Goudelis, Thomas Hambye and Paolo Panci for useful comments on the draft. The work of DR was supported by the ERC Higgs at LHC. M.B. and A.M. are supported in part by the Belgian Federal Science Policy O ce through the Interuniversity Attraction Pole P7/37. A.M. is supported by the Strategic Research Program High Energy Physics and the Research Council of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. A Comments on UV completion In this paper we studied a simpli ed model of Dirac dark matter with a real scalar mediator described by the e ective lagrangian 1 2 + gW W SW W + + (gDMS + M ) Here below we comment on the assumptions associated with the structure of the lagrangian (A.1) and the challenges related to their possible UV completions: The dimension ve operators of the second line in (A.1) can be obtained by integrating out heavy fermionic matter in vector-like representations of the SM gauge group which couples with the singlet S as Lint = Nf X( i=1 S + M ) i i : (A.2) HJEP03(216)57 Identifying the cut-o with M , we can estimate for a single family: gGG count for the representation multiplicity in the loop, Q2a is the Casimir of the representation of the a-th group (which is just Y 2 for U(1)Y ) and a = 4ga2 with a = 1; 2; 3 are the coupling constants of the SM gauge group. As we have shown in section 2, having a sizeable yield into di-photons and a sizeable width requires gBB and gDM (and possibly also gGG) to be order O(1). The couplings in front of dimension ve operators are loop suppressed in a weakly coupled setup. Having them O(1) certainly requires some large charge/multiplicity for the vectorlike matter which carries SM quantum numbers and/or sizeable couplings of the singlet in (A.2). Both these options are likely to induce problems with perturbativity at the UV scale making the UV completions of the e ective lagrangian (A.1) more challenging. We proceed to comment on other operators allowed by symmetries which we neglected in the e ective action (A.1). We are neglecting both the cubic and the quartic interaction between the singlet S and the SM Higgs i.e. 3SH SHyH and 4SH S2HyH. At the level of dimension ve, we are neglecting interactions between the SM Higgs and the Dirac fermion (gHDM HyH ) and also the ones between the singlet and the SM fermions, for instance gSSM SHQU . These operators are not forbidden by any symmetry and should be present in a generic dimension ve e ective action. The presence of singlet-Higgs interactions can modify the decay modes of the singlet which would acquire SM-like couplings through the mixing with Higgs once EWSB is broken. The phenomenology of such a singlet has been widely studied in the literature (see for example [65]). In our discussion we took as a working assumption (very much in the spirit of [66]) that the singlet Higgs interactions are zero at the UV thresholds . In such a hypothesis we can also approximate the singlet potential with the mass term only, since a singlet vacuum expectation value would not have any consequence on the phenomenology besides modifying the DM mass. Once we set the tree level couplings to zero, the UV threshold corrections coming from loops of vector-like charged matter (A.2) will generate these couplings only at 2 loops. Therefore the Higgs-singlet couplings would be loop suppressed with respect to the couplings to gauge bosons once the tree level boundary condition is realized. An attractive possibility to get a structure of the couplings at the UV boundary condition ful lling both the challenges described above can be found in the context of supersymmetry (SUSY). In a generic low energy SUSY-breaking model, there is a light pseudo-modulus (i.e. the sgoldstino) which sits on the same SUSY multiplet of the spin 1/2 goldstino associated to spontaneous SUSY-breaking [67] (see [68] for a more detailed discussion of the sgolstino phenomenology at colliders). The structure of the couplings of our e ective lagrangian (A.1) would describe the interactions between the CP-even component of the sgoldstino and the SM, as well as the invisible decay to the neutral goldstino. In the limit in which gaugino masses are heavy, the dimension ve couplings of the sgoldstino to gauge bosons dominate over the other couplings, since they scale like Mi=pf , where Mi are the candidate since for low p f it would result in very light dark matter. gaugino masses and f is the SUSY-breaking scale. Couplings of O(1) can be obtained in extra dimensional scenarios where the gaugino masses are generated at tree level [69, 70]. In this case, however, the supersymmetry breaking scale will be tied to the gaugino mass and will be bounded from below from constraints on the gluino mass and from above by the requirement of a sizable cross section, imposing some further constraints on the parameters of the e ective lagrangian. For instance, the goldstino would not be a suitable dark matter A possibility to include a dark matter candidate in such context is to consider models of pseudo-moduli dark matter constructed in [49{51]. In these constructions one or more light chiral super elds generically arise in O'Raifeartaigh models which break SUSY spontaneously. Their scalars components are pseudo-moduli associated to approximately at directions in the potential while their fermionic component can be a viable dark matter candidate. The lagrangian (A.1) describes the CP-even component of a complex pseudomodulus, coupled to a singlet Dirac-like Dark matter whose mass is not tight to the SUSYbreaking scale. The latter can easily arise in the context of supersymmetry as a pair of Weyl fermions with a small supersymmetric mass which remains light once their scalar partners have acquired a large SUSY-breaking mass. Note that in SUSY inspired scenarios, we expect the CP even and CP odd part of the light complex pseudo-modulus to have the same mass. Hence, as a further remark, we would like to brie y comment on the possibility that the scalar resonance is not CP even but CP odd. Considering the analogous of the lagrangian (A.1) but in the case of a CP odd scalar, the decay rates to SM gauge boson would be equivalent, while the invisible decay would present a phase space suppression di erent than eq. (2.2). The analysis of the LHC di-photon excess could proceed very similar to our study, however the dark matter features are signi cantly di erent. In the case of a pseudo-scalar, the annihilation cross section relevant for indirect detection is not velocity suppressed and gives a large contribution to h vi . As a consequence, a dark matter of mass around 250{300 GeV with O(1) coupling to the scalar mediator would lead to a very large yield to indirect detection experiments, typically of the order of h v i 10 26 cms 3 , which would be in tension with the FERMI constraint [64]. Note that such a large dark matter mass is necessary to obtain the correct relic abundance through the resonant enhancement of the annihilation via the 750 GeV mediator. Hence in the case of a pseudo-scalar mediator the relic abundance requirement and the indirect detection bounds could generically be in tension. We leave to future studies a detailed investigation of this case. Finally, let us mention that a similar e ective theory to (A.1) could also arise in the context of Randall-Sundrum scenarios where the light singlet is a dilation/radion of a hidden sector where conformal symmetry is spontaneously broken. 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Mihailo Backović, Alberto Mariotti, Diego Redigolo. Di-photon excess illuminates dark matter, Journal of High Energy Physics, 2016, 157, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2016)157