The Location Analysis on Dry Port of the Inland in Jinan City
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The Location Analysis on Dry Port of the Inland in Jinan City
Jianmeng Sun 1
Haining Wang 0
0 Shandong Hi-speed Group Co., Ltd , Jinan, Shandong 250013 , China
1 Shandong Institute of Transportation Science , Jinan, Shandong 250023 , China
The port competition is more and more intense, starts to be the initial infrastructure and the operation ability competition, now is in the port economy hinterland competition. Dry Port has the functions of customs declaration, forwarder, inspection and quarantine, warehousing, loading and unloading, circulation processing etc. At present, the construction and layout of the inland dry port, the possibility and feasibility of construction are the focus of the research. The location of dry port in Jinan is fully analyzed on the basis of reference to the advanced operation mode and development experience of the excellent nonwater port in the country and abroad. This paper first analyzed Location factors; Then center of gravity method were analyzed. Finally, the location of the dry port is determined.
Proximity to market principles
The profitability of a dry port is usually dependent on the
market. The choice of close to the market can effectively
reduce the transport distance, reduce transshipment,
avoid multiple loading and unloading, reduce freight,
and timely replenishment. The price of land close to the
market is higher than other places, so there are other
factors that should be taken into consideration on dry
Close to the transportation hub principle
The transport facilities must be used for transport from
the dry port to the port and from the port to the dry port.
Fast and convenient transportation is also one of the
factors to be considered.Site selection can quickly
organize the delivery and purchase of goods in the more
developed areas. It can also reduce the accumulation and
retention of goods, improve the efficiency of logistics
operation and improve the aging time.
Choose low land price principle
A dry port would normally choose a place with a lower
land price. A dry port usually chooses a place close to
the city. This can not only achieve the low cost of land,
but also can make effective use of the city's developed
traffic. It can comprehensively consider all aspects of the
dry port to improve the efficiency.
1.4 The principle of complete infrastructure
The construction and operation of a dry port cannot be
separated from the water port infrastructure, but also
requires considerable manpower, material resources and
financial resources. The infrastructure generally covers
an area of large area, with difficulty in recovery, large
investment, long payback period, and difficult to
relocate.If you have existing infrastructure you can
reduce the amount of money invested and increase the
2 The factor analysis of the location
of dry port in Jinan
2.1 The relationship between the geographical
location of dry port and city layout
According to the geographical location of the site, the
distribution of resources, the structure of the region, the
distribution of the consumption market and so on have a
decisive influence on the development of the waterless
port. Dry port, therefore, to comprehensively consider
the site selection of regional traffic, surrounding the
market situation, port and dry port distance, the city's
industry layout, avoid benefit back against the effect.
2.2 The relationship between the construction
address and transportation on the dry port
The development of a city cannot be separated from the
traffic, and the construction and development of dry port
cannot be separated from the traffic. The ideal effect of
transportation goods is low freight, fast speed, and the
choice of a well-developed area can achieve the desired
effect. Meanwhile, multi-modal transport tools and
methods can be selected flexibly. Dry port construction
site should also consider the pressure of urban traffic.
Choose the right location to avoid reducing the benefit of
the dry port.
3 Model analysis of the center of gravity
In the formula:
Tc —Total transportation cost (yuan);
Vi—Transport capacity of I point (ton);
Ri—Transport rate of I point (yuan/ton. Km);
di—The distance from the location of the inland dry port
to I point (km);
Ci—The transportation cost to I point (yuan/km).
The location of the lowest cost of transportation coordinates X and Y, gravity method using the formula is:
In the formula:
—The x-coordinate of the center of gravity;
—The y-coordinate of the center of gravity;
dix —The x-coordinate of point I;
diy —The y-coordinate of point I;
Vi —The amount of goods shipped to or
from I point.
The method of gravity is to calculate the location of
the dry port according to the coordinates of each port.
Other factors should be considered in the position of
gravity. The actuality and candidate location of the land
should be considered comprehensively. The
position calculated according to the coordinates may be
park, station and so on. So you have to think about other
4 The development of the counties and
districts in Jinan and the location of the
4.1 The economic operation of various counties
and districts in Jinan in 2016
The economic operation conditions of various counties and counties in Jinan in 2016 are shown in table 1.
As shown in table 1, in the various counties and
districts of Jinan city in 2016, the total GDP of the Lixia
District is the first. At the same time, in 2015, the
region's GDP also ranked first. According to the GDP of
dry port location, should be in lixia District, so that
promotes the economic development of dry port, can
provide affordable goods for dry port.
4.2 The import and export of various counties in
Jinan in 2016
Evaluation In 2016, import and export situation of
various prefectures in Jinan are shown in table 2.
As shown in table 2, in the various counties and
districts of Jinan city, the total import and export volume
of Lixia District is the first in 2016.Lixia District has an
important position in the development of Jinan, control
the economic lifeline of development of Jinan, only the
total import and export in 2016 and the actual received
foreign, the dry port should be constructed in the Lixia
4.3 The situation of industrial development and
investment on each county area in Jinan
The industrial situation of each county in Jinan is shown
in table 3.
As shown in table 3, in the various counties and
districts of Jinan city in 2016, the Lixia District in
investment in fixed assets is the first. Zhangqiu District
ranks first in the major business income of the above
industries. The total amount of industrial profits in
Zhangqiu District is the first in the county districts of
Jinan. It should be constructed in Zhangqiu District
when considering industrial factors to construct the
inland dry port in Jinan.
The many factors influencing the development of dry
port should be taken into consideration in the site
selection. It is easy to have the benefit back effect and
not get the best development benefit. In the long-term
view of the development of dry port, a method of
qualitative and quantitative combination should be
adopted to locate the dry port. Considering the
population, economy, transportation, industry and other
conditions of various counties and districts in Jinan, it is
suggested that dry port should be located in the district.
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