Water: From Pollution to Purification

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Jun 2018

Charuvila T. Aravindakumar, Mehmet Oturan, Usha Aravind

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Water: From Pollution to Purification

Environmental Science and Pollution Research Water: From Pollution to Purification Charuvila T. Aravindakumar 0 1 2 3 Mehmet Oturan 0 1 2 3 Usha Aravind 0 1 2 3 0 School of Environmental Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University , Kottayam 686560, Kerala , India 1 Charuvila T. Aravindakumar 2 Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues 3 Advanced Centre of Environmental Studies and Sustainable Development, Mahatma Gandhi University , Kottayam 686560, Kerala , India This special issue WPP (Water: From Pollution to Purification) of Environmental Science and Pollution Research presents selected papers presented at the second International conference on Water: From Pollution to Purification (ICW2016) conducted during Dec.12-15, 2016, in Kottayam (Kerala, India) hosted jointly by Inter University Instrumentation Centre (IUIC), the School of Environmental Sciences, and the Advanced Centre of Environmental Studies and Sustainable Development: An Inter University Centre (ACESSD), Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam along with the Centre for Environment Education and Technology (CEET), Kottayam. Water pollution and potable water scarcity are two issues which have been in the limelight for so many decades. Rapid industrialization, demographic explosion, and unscientific water resource management are the major reasons for the situation. A wide array of pollutants from nutrients (nitrates and phosphates) to contaminants of emerging concern is affecting the quality of global water resources. All these issues are of particular concern in India too. In this context, water pollution and treatment technologies are two important areas of interest. The involvement of several sophisticated equipments in recent years helped to detect trace amount of pesticides, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, heavy metals, and other emerging pollutants in water bodies. A wide variety of water treatment technologies are also being developed. However, an economically viable as well as highly efficient water treatment technique for treating all the chemical water contaminants is still - Laboratoire Géomatériaux et Environnement (LGE), Université Paris-Est, EA 4508, UPEM, 77454 Marne-la-Vallée, France under intense research. On the other hand, it is really a paradox that when there is a cry for cheaper water purification technologies, a high price is being given to tackle water borne diseases. The main objective of the conference was, therefore, to bring together experts in diversified areas of environmental science and technology. Another component of this conference was a discussion on environmental awareness and education. The participants were from several countries. Indian participants are from mainly national research organizations and industrial R&Ds and from central and state universities. ICW2016 thus connected researchers from chemistry, physics, engineering, environment, geology, and many more due to its interdisciplinary nature. The main focuses of the conference were fixed as, & & & & & & & & & & Agricultural, industrial, and domestic pollution of water Pollution from emerging pollutants (pesticides, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, nanoparticles, etc.) Pollution from industries (distilleries, tanneries, textiles, and paper industry) Heavy metal contamination Pollution from radioactive materials Physical treatments (membrane separation, adsorption, etc.) Chemical treatments (oxidation process, coagulation, precipitation, stabilization, etc.) Biological treatments (bioreactors, activated sludge process, etc.) Nanotechnology in water treatment Photocatalytic and other oxidation technologies The conference was attended by nearly 250 participants from all over the world. It was enriched with 5 plenary talks, 26 invited talks, 25 short talks, 10 young investigators presentations, and 74 posters. The young investigator session was designed after a rigorous selection of invited papers from investigators below the age of 30. The response from the participants and other connected scientists for manuscript submission to this special issue was very encouraging. Nearly 69 papers were submitted to this special issue and after a thorough review process, 27 papers were accepted. Eight manuscripts were rejected after peer review. Thierteen manuscripts were rejected after initial screening. Another 21 manuscripts were rejected for possible resubmission. Since the authors could not resubmit this on time, these manuscripts were not considered for inclusion. The accepted papers cover a wide range of research issues related to both pollution and purification/remediation of water. This covers specific monitoring of pollutants in water bodies, engineering aspects of potential pilot plants for water purification, various advanced material for water treatment, and oxidation technologies for the removal of organic pollutants from water. Charuvila T. Aravindakumar : P r o f e s s o r o f S c h o o l o f Environmental Sciences and D e a n o f t h e F a c u l t y o f Environmental & Atmospheric Sciences of Mahatma Gandhi University (MGU), Kottayam, India. He received Ph.D in chemistry from the University of Pune (India) and later worked in several international laboratories such as M a x - P l a n c k - I n s t i t u t e f o r Radiation chemistry (Germany), Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium), and Free University, Amsterdam (Netherlands). He has over 25 years of post-graduate teaching and research experience after Ph.D. The main areas of research are Environmental Chemistry, Water purification technology, Air pollution, Radiation science, Photochemistry; polar research (Indian Polar Expedition), Environmental Education & Governance. Fourteen Ph.Ds were awarded under his supervision in MGU. Over the past 25 years, he has collaborated with many national and international laboratories under various programs (in the USA, Germany, South Korea, Canada, France). He was a visiting professor at the University of Paris-Est-Marnela-Vallee in 2013 and 2015. He has set up a highly sophisticated analytical laboratory in MGU. He has completed nearly 10 major research projects with fundings from various national and international agencies, and 3 are ongoing (amount of support > 80 million INR). He has over 75 journal publications and over 230 publications in conference proceedings. U s h a A r a v i n d : R e s e a r c h Coordinator at the Advanced Centre of Environmental Studies and Sustainable Development (ACESSD): An Inter University Centre of the Government of Kerala in the Mahatma Gandhi University Campus. She received her Ph.D in Chemistry from the Cochin University of Science & Technology, Kochi, and postdoctoral research at the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium) and Technical University of Eindhoven (The Netherlands). The research interest of Usha is in the creation of nano architecture of polysaccharides, proteins, polypeptides, polymers on membrane surfaces to enhance their separation ability for water pollutants (chemical and biological), trapping and killing of microbes from potable water, recycle and reuse of gray water, development of recyclable water filters, recovery of nutrients, their pathways, green technological routes for the removal of emerging contaminants, water sensors, probing the protein—pollutant (bisphenols, parabens, mercury) interaction (misfolding) based on biophysical studies. She is also involved in water literacy camps for school children, self-help groups and local authorities, sustainability of ponds, rivers and lakes in Kerala. She is the awardee of seven major projects. She has over 40 journal publications, a book chapter, and over 150 papers in conference proceedings.

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Charuvila T. Aravindakumar, Mehmet Oturan, Usha Aravind. Water: From Pollution to Purification, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-2352-0