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Posted Workers in Österreich: Grenzüberschreitende Entsendearbeit im Spannungsfeld von offenen Märkten und (supra-)nationaler Regulierung

Since the opening of the labour market in 2011, Austria experienced a huge rise not only in individual migration but also in employer-led service mobility. This article examines the development and regulation of posted labour in the construction industry. It shows how an increase in worker posting met a demand for ‘flexible’ labour while also raising concerns about a race to the...

Identifying indicators of aesthetics in the Great Barrier Reef for the purposes of management

The aesthetic appreciation of natural places is one of the most fundamental ways in which people relate to their environment. It provides wellbeing, an opportunity for recreation and reflection, a sense of place, and cultural enrichment. It also motivates people to take care of natural places and to conserve them for current and future appreciation. Aesthetically valuable places...

Germinação de sementes de Passiflora setacea e dormência induzida pelo armazenamento

The objective in this study was establish long-term conservation conditions for Passiflora setacea seeds by testing different seed moisture contents and storage temperatures. Seeds were treated with potassium nitrate (KNO3) and gibberellic acid (GA3) before germination in moistened paper towels. Seed viability was verified by the tetrazolium test after the seeds had been treated...

Da avaliação da educação à educação da avaliação: o lugar do(a) educador(a) no processo da avaliação da pós-graduação no Brasil

This article approaches the debate about the evaluation model adopted by CAPES for Post-Graduation programs in Brazilian universities, proposing the following reflection: what teaching and research are happening (and specially are not happening) while we try to "adjust" ourselves to the current evaluation model, characterized by enterprising bias? This line of thinking contains...

Molecular identification of blood meals in mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) in urban and forested habitats in southern Brazil

The study of host associations of mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) provides valuable information to assist in our understanding of a variety of related issues, from their life-history to the entomological surveillance of pathogens. In this study, we identified and characterized mosquito blood meals from both urban and forested areas in the city of Paranaguá, state of Paran...

Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A database analysis of South African private health insurance

BACKGROUND: Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, costly and debilitating disorder. In South Africa (SA), access to funding for care and treatment of ADHD is limited, and research is lacking. AIM: This study aimed to establish the current situation with regard to the psychiatric management of and funding for treatment of adult ADHD in the private...

Parámetros de Interacción Iónica de las Soluciones Acuosas Concentradas del Líquido Iónico Trifluorometanosulfonato de 1-Etil-3-Metil-Imidazolio a Varias Temperaturas

Densities of concentrated aqueous solutions of the binary mixture water + 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([Emim+][CF3SO3-]) were experimentally determined at temperatures from 283.15 to 318.15 K, using an Anton Paar model DMA 5000 vibrating tube densitometer. Apparent molar volumes were calculated and correlated with the Pitzer-Simomson equation using as...

What challenges do foundation phase teachers experience when teaching writing in rural multigrade classes?

A one-size-fits-all curriculum cannot address the issues faced by rural multigrade teachers and learners. In South Africa, despite government efforts to relieve adversity, poverty in rural areas is still rife and poor education still fails to lift people out of it (Joubert 2010). Equality is essential in ensuring that all South African children have access to quality education...

Normalization of large-scale behavioural data collected from zebrafish

Many contemporary neuroscience experiments utilize high-throughput approaches to simultaneously collect behavioural data from many animals. The resulting data are often complex in structure and are subjected to systematic biases, which require new approaches for analysis and normalization. This study addressed the normalization need by establishing an approach based on linear...

A numerical model for the development of the morphology of disperse blends in complex flow

The aim of this study is to develop a constitutive model for disperse blends applicable in complex flows and to cast this model in a finite element framework. As the number of droplets in realistic conditions is extremely large, it is computationally intractable to model all droplets individually. Droplet populations are modeled that have macroscopically averaged morphological...

Culex nigripalpus Theobald (Diptera, Culicidae) feeding habit at the Parque Ecológico do Tietê, São Paulo, Brazil

The blood feeding of a population of Cx. nigripalpus from Parque Ecológico do Tietê (PET) was investigated using an indirect ELISA protocol. Mosquitoes were captured outside houses. Five hundred sixteen engorged females collected in a reforested area and 25 in an open area were tested. Rodents and dogs were the most common blood sources, accounting for approximately 65.3% of...

El uso de drones en España: el ámbito espacial de la ley penal

The present article analyses various aspects which should be restated because of the widespread usage of drones in the current society, thus as the criminal consequences due to the use of these gadgets. Accordingly, the aim of this writing will be to give possible solutions to the problematic related to commission of crimes because of the use of a drone, paying attention to...

Elucidating fitness components of the invasive dermestid beetle Trogoderma granarium combining deterministic and stochastic demography

The invasive dermestid khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium, is an important pest of stored products that is subject to strict phytosanitary measures. In this study, we conducted a demographic analysis of this species at 30, 35 and 40°C, combining deterministic and stochastic approaches. The net reproductive rate, the intrinsic rate of increase, the finite rate of increase and the...

Sôbre a fórmula: cosa . cosb. cosc + senb. senc. cos A

Using the gnomonic projection, the author presents a deduction of the general formula to solve spherical triangles.

Modeling the effect of the cephalic phase of insulin secretion on glucose metabolism

The nervous system has a significant impact in glucose homeostasis and endocrine pancreatic secretion in humans, especially during the cephalic phase of insulin release (CPIR); that is, before a meal is absorbed. However, the underlying mechanisms of this neural-pancreatic interaction are not well understood and therefore often neglected, despite their significance to achieving...

A Faster Tree-Decomposition Based Algorithm for Counting Linear Extensions

We consider the problem of counting the linear extensions of an n-element poset whose cover graph has treewidth at most t. We show that the problem can be solved in time O~(n^{t+3}), where O~ suppresses logarithmic factors. Our algorithm is based on fast multiplication of multivariate polynomials, and so differs radically from a previous O~(n^{t+4})-time inclusion - exclusion...

The First Report of The Latin American Society of Nephrology and Hypertension (SLANH) Anemia Committee in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

Background: Anemia almost invariably occurs in patients with chronic kidney disease. Limited data are available regarding anemia management in Latin American (LA) hemodialysis (HD) patients. Objective: To evaluate the results of the first anemia survey of the Anemia Committee of the SLANH. Methods: This is a multinational, voluntary survey that collected anemia management data...

A comparison of the Muenster, SIOP Boston, Brock, Chang and CTCAEv4.03 ototoxicity grading scales applied to 3,799 audiograms of childhood cancer patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy

Childhood cancer patients treated with platinums often develop hearing loss and the degree is classified according to different scales globally. Our objective was to compare concordance between five well-known ototoxicity scales used for childhood cancer patients. Audiometric test results (n = 654) were evaluated longitudinally and graded according Brock, Chang, International...

Submucous implant of abrasive dental materials in rat tongues: clinical and histological evaluation

This study evaluated the clinical and histological manifestations produced by the submucuous implant of abrasive dental materials in the rat tongue. A total of 128 rats were divided into 4 groups of 32 rats each, according to the material selected for the implant: Herjos-F prophylactic paste both in its normal composition as well as lacking its abrasive components, SS White...

Federalism and distributive conflicts: competition among Brazilian states for federal budgetary resources

The article analyzes how states' representatives in the Brazilian Congress process and negotiate amendments to the federal budget on Congress' Joint Budget Committee. Amendments submitted by members of Congress from three selected States (Bahia, Ceará, and Paraná) between 1995 and 1999 are analyzed. The article challenges certain hypotheses concerning the role of amendments and...