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Re-writing the domestic role: transnational migrants’ households between informal and formal social protection in Ecuador and in Spain

Ecuadorian migration to Spain can be described as an emblematic case of feminization of international migration. As the scholarship showed, this migration flow has been shaped by transnational female social networks in which different types of capital circulate and which are re-produced across generations, providing social protection for people involved in them, both migrants and...

Synthesis and anticancer effects of α-lipoic ester of alloxanthoxyletin

Upon analyzing the structure-activity relationship, it was found that coumarin-based derivatives exerted cytotoxic and antitumor activity. In the present study a new ester of α-lipoic acid and derivative of alloxanthoxyletin (LAA) was synthesized and evaluated for its anticancer activity. The structure of this new compound was confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and HRMS spectroscopic...

Spontaneous cavernosal abscess: a case report and review of literature

A cavernosal abscess is a rare condition. It can be idiopathic or with an underlying cause such as intracavernosal injection therapy, foreign bodies, perineal abscesses extension, priapism or trauma. The most common presenting symptoms were penile pain and swelling. Standard treatment consists of drainage via an incision, followed by broad-spectrum antibiotics where some authors...

Expression of socially sensitive genes: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis

Background Gene expression may be an important biological mediator in associations between social factors and health. However, previous studies were limited by small sample sizes and use of differing cell types with heterogeneous expression patterns. We use a large population-based cohort with gene expression measured solely in monocytes to investigate associations between seven...

A reflected moving boundary problem driven by space–time white noise

We study a system of two reflected SPDEs which share a moving boundary. The equations describe competition at an interface and are motivated by the modelling of the limit order book in financial markets. The derivative of the moving boundary is given by a function of the two SPDEs in their relative frames. We prove existence and uniqueness for the equations until blow-up, and...

Andere spezifische Diabetesformen und exokrine Pankreasinsuffizienz (Update 2019)

ZusammenfassungDie unter der Kategorie „andere spezifische Diabetesformen“ zusammengefassten Störungen des Glukosestoffwechsels stellen pathophysiologisch und therapeutisch eine sehr heterogene Krankheitsgruppe dar. Umfasst werden Diabetesformen, die im Rahmen von anderen endokrinologischen Erkrankungen auftreten (z. B. Akromegalie, Cushing-Syndrom), pankreoprive Formen (z. B...

A long-term field experiment demonstrates the influence of tillage on the bacterial potential to produce soil structure-stabilizing agents such as exopolysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides

BackgroundStable soil aggregates are essential for optimal crop growth and preventing soil erosion. However, tillage is often used in agriculture to loosen the soil, which disrupts the integrity of these aggregates. Soil aggregation can be enhanced by bacteria through their ability to produce exopolysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides. These compounds stabilize soil aggregates by...

A taxonomy of shape-changing behavior for 4D printed parts using shape-memory polymers

4D printing (4DP) combines the use of additive manufacturing (AM) to produce freeform components with stimuli-responsive materials, so that the printed parts can transform over a calculated duration of time. This paper provides a collective review of the transformational behavior of 4D printed parts that can be achieved using shape-memory polymers (SMPs). Using the process of 4DP...

Total brachial artery reactivity and first time incident coronary heart disease events in a longitudinal cohort study: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis

Background Brachial artery reactivity (BAR) is usually determined as the maximum brachial artery diameter (BAD) following release of an occluding pressure cuff compared to a BAD before cuff inflation. BAD early after cuff deflation can also serve as baseline for estimating total brachial artery reactivity (TBAR). We investigate whether TBAR is associated with first time coronary...

Parental manipulation of offspring size in social groups: a test using paper wasps

Maternal effects should be especially likely when mothers actively provision offspring with resources that influence offspring phenotype. In cooperatively breeding and eusocial taxa, there is potential for parents to strategically manipulate offspring phenotype in their own interests. Social insect queens are nearly always larger than their worker offspring, and queens could...

Patterns and causes of hospital maternal mortality in Tanzania: A 10-year retrospective analysis

Background Maternal mortality is among the most important public health concerns in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is limited data on hospital-based maternal mortality in Tanzania. The objective of this study was to determine the causes and maternal mortality trends in public hospitals of Tanzania from 2006–2015. Methods and findings This retrospective study was conducted between July...

Measurement of the ratio of cross sections for inclusive isolated-photon production in pp collisions at \( \sqrt{s} \) = 13 and 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

Abstract The ratio of the cross sections for inclusive isolated-photon production in pp collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 13 and 8 TeV is measured using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The integrated luminosities of the 13 TeV and 8 TeV datasets are 3.2 fb−1 and 20.2 fb−1, respectively. The ratio is measured as a function of the photon transverse energy in different regions...

3D-assessment of RVOT dimensions prior percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation: comparison of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography versus 3D steady-state free precession sequence

To compare contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (ceMRA) and 3D steady-state free precession (SSFP) during systole and diastole for assessment of the right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) in patients considered for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. We retrospectively evaluated 89 patients (male: 45, mean age 19 ± 8...

Plasma neurofilament light chain: A potential prognostic biomarker of dementia in adult Down syndrome patients

People with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk of developing Alzheimer disease (AD) with aging. The diagnosis and treatment trials are hampered by a lack of reliable blood biomarkers. Plasma neurofilament light chain (NfL) is one of the established biomarkers of AD, suggesting that it may be useful as an indicator of dementia in DS patients. The aims of this study were: 1) to...

Prevalence of cases of amebic liver abscess in a tertiary care centre in India: A study on risk factors, associated microflora and strain variation of Entamoeba histolytica

Background Amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica), is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Mortality due to amebiasis is mostly by extra intestinal infections, amebic liver abscess being the most common one. This study was conducted to determine the current epidemiological status, risk factors, associated microflora and...

The Phillips–Barger model for the elastic cross section and the Odderon

Inspired by the recent TOTEM data for the elastic proton–proton (pp) scattering at \(\sqrt{s} =\) 8 and 13 TeV, we update previous studies of the differential cross sections using the Phillips–Barger (PB) model, which parametrizes the amplitude in terms of a small number of free parameters. We demonstrate that this model is able to describe the recent pp data on a statistically...

Everybody's Favorite Book

A hero named Bob is introduced. He has all the qualities required to be a hero: proper attire to fight in space and the stealth moves of a ninja. A villain of equal caliber is then introduced onto the scene. The story includes a little bit of something to satisfy every reader’s taste, including a pink princess, complex vocabulary words, and a slew of characters seen in major...

Effect of cutting tool with micro-pits texture on wood cutting performance

A reasonable micro-pits texture has been initially proved that it can improve friction characteristics between wood and cemented carbide surface and reduce surface friction coefficient. In order to study the cutting performance of the micro-texture when it is applied to the cutting tool for cutting wood more effectively, this paper selected micro-pit texture for studying...