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High Rate of False-Negative Results of the Rectal Swab Culture Method in Detection of Gastrointestinal Colonization with Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci

The diagnostic accuracy of the rectal swab (RS) culture method in identifying gastrointestinal colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) is not known. Serial quantitative stool cultures, skin cultures, and RS cultures were performed for patients with VRE infections to assess the false-negative rate of the RS and the prevalence of skin colonization, a prerequisite...

Identification of CD133-Positive Radioresistant Cells in Atypical Teratoid/ Rhabdoid Tumor

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an extremely malignant neoplasm in the central nervous system (CNS) which occurs in infancy and childhood. Recent studies suggested that CD133 could be considered a marker for brain cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). However, the role of CD133 in AT/RT has never been investigated. Herein we report the isolation of CD133-positive cells...

Gene expression profile favoring phenotypic reversion: a clue for mechanism of tumor suppression by NF-IL6 3′UTR

Transfection of cDNA in 3′untranslated region of human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6 3′UTR) induced tumor suppression in a human hepatoma cell line. cDNA array analysis was used to reveal changes in gene expression profile leading to tumor suppression The results indicate that this suppression was not due to activation of dsRNA-dependent protein kinase, nor to...

M402, a Novel Heparan Sulfate Mimetic, Targets Multiple Pathways Implicated in Tumor Progression and Metastasis

Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) play a key role in shaping the tumor microenvironment by presenting growth factors, cytokines, and other soluble factors that are critical for host cell recruitment and activation, as well as promoting tumor progression, metastasis, and survival. M402 is a rationally engineered, non-cytotoxic heparan sulfate (HS) mimetic, designed to inhibit...

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci among Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: A Prospective Study of Acquisition

To determine the prevalence and rate of acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) among patients undergoing chronic (i.e., long-term) hemodialysis who were admitted to a tertiary care center, serial rectal cultures for VRE were performed at hospital admission and every 5 days until hospital discharge. A total of 7 (6%) of the 119 patients were colonized with VRE at...

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci among Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: A Prospective Study of Acquisition

To determine the prevalence and rate of acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) among patients undergoing chronic (i.e., long-term) hemodialysis who were admitted to a tertiary care center, serial rectal cultures for VRE were performed at hospital admission and every 5 days until hospital discharge. A total of 7 (6%) of the 119 patients were colonized with VRE at...

Critical Residues for the Specificity of Cofactors and Substrates in Human Estrogenic 17β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase 1: Variants Designed from the Three-Dimensional Structure of the Enzyme

Human estrogenic 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is an NADP(H)-preferring enzyme. It possesses 11- and 4-fold higher specificity toward NADP(H) over NAD(H) for oxidation and reduction, respectively, as demonstrated by kinetic studies. To elucidate the roles of the amino acids involved in cofactor specificity, we generated variants by site-directed mutagenesis. The results showed...

Oct-4 Expression Maintained Cancer Stem-Like Properties in Lung Cancer-Derived CD133-Positive Cells

CD133 (prominin-1), a 5-transmembrane glycoprotein, has recently been considered to be an important marker that represents the subset population of cancer stem-like cells. Herein we report the isolation of CD133-positive cells (LC-CD133+) and CD133-negative cells (LC-CD133−) from tissue samples of ten patients with non-small cell lung cancer (LC) and five LC cell lines. LC-CD133...

Recurrent Achromobacter xylosoxidans Bacteremia Associated with Persistent Lymph Node Infection in a Patient with Hyper-Immunoglobulin M Syndrome

Achromobacter xylosoxidans (formerly Alcaligenes xylosoxidans) is a rare but important cause of bacteremia in immunocompromised patients, and strains are usually multiply resistant to antimicrobial therapy. We report an immunocompromised patient with hyper-immunoglobulin M syndrome who suffered from 14 documented episodes of A. xylosoxidans bacteremia. Each episode was treated...

Global Alterations in Chromatin Accessibility Associated with Loss of SIN4 Function

Sin4p is a component of a mediator complex associated with the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II and SIN4 is required for proper regulation of several genes in yeast, including the HO endonuclease gene, glucose repressible genes and MATa cell-specific genes. Previous studies indicated that SIN4 may influence transcription through changes in the organization of chromatin. We...

Passive IgA Monoclonal Antibody Is No More Effective Than IgG at Protecting Mice from Mucosal Challenge with Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a mucosally restricted pathogen that can cause severe respiratory disease. Although parenteral administration of sufficient RSV-specific IgG can reduce severity of lower respiratory tract infection in high-risk infants, delivery of antibody by direct airway administration is an attractive alternative. Topical and parenteral administration of...

Histologic Parameters Predictive of Mycobacterial Infection

Tissue specimens from a wide variety of anatomic locations are frequently examined for mycobacteria using a combination of cultures and special stains. Auramine-rhodamine (AR) staining is a sensitive method for detecting acid-fast bacilli (AFB) in tissue sections. We reviewed 85 AR-positive and 275 randomly selected AR-negative biopsy specimens collected during the past 2 years...

Analysis of Candidate-Host Immunogenetic Determinants in Herpes Simplex Virus-Associated Mollaret's Meningitis

Infection due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) is associated with recurrent aseptic meningitis (Mollaret's meningitis); however, the neuropathogenesis of this disease remains unknown. We collected 20 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens that were positive for HSV DNA by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay from patients with a clinical diagnosis of Mollaret's meningitis...

Immunoprophylaxis and Immunotherapy of Respiratory Syncytial Virus–Infected Mice with Respiratory Syncytial Virus–Specific Immune Serum

ABSTRACT: The effects of passive respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immune serum given as preinoculation prophylaxis, postinoculation prophylaxis, and as therapy on d 5 after inoculation were evaluated in an illness model of RSV infection in BALB/c mice. Pre- and postinoculation prophylaxis reduced RSV replication in lung after primary RSV infection and prevented illness. Day 5...

Effective Use of Polymerase Chain Reaction for Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Infections

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens has become standard for confirmatory diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) infections; however, these tests increase health care costs. We reviewed 3-year data from 974 consecutive CSF specimens submitted for detection of seven pathogens by PCR. In 1997, 237 of 367 specimens (64.6%) were...

Effective Use of Polymerase Chain Reaction for Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Infections

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens has become standard for confirmatory diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) infections; however, these tests increase health care costs. We reviewed 3-year data from 974 consecutive CSF specimens submitted for detection of seven pathogens by PCR. In 1997, 237 of 367 specimens (64.6%) were...

Bordetella holmesii-Like Organisms Associated with Septicemia, Endocarditis, and Respiratory Failure

We recovered an unusual bacterial strain from blood or sputum of three patients with septicemia, endocarditis, and/or respiratory failure. The three isolates were thin, curved, gram-negative, light brown, pigment-producing bacilli with variable catalase activity. They were asaccharolytic, oxidasenegative, nonmotile, and fastidious. Identification was not possible on the basis of...

ORIENTAÇÃO ÀS PUÉRPERAS EM ALOJAMENTO CONJUNTO UTILIZANDO UM FOLHETO ILUSTRADO

Marilene Alice da Cunha dos Santos***  Terezinha Ayumi Sassai**  Cleide Yahioi Konoo**  Atsuko Seto**  Chang Yi Wei**  ** Enfermeira formada pela Escola de Enfermagem-USP, alunas do Curso