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37 papers found.
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Increased risk of affective disorders in type 2 diabetes is minimized by sulfonylurea and metformin combination: a population-based cohort study

Background To confirm whether type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is an affective disorder (AD) precursor, and to establish possible effects of oral anti-hyperglycemic agents (OAAs). Methods A representative cohort of 800,000 subjects was obtained from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance database on 1 January 2000. Those with consistent data (n = 762,753) were followed up between 1...

Age- and gender-specific population attributable risks of metabolic disorders on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in Taiwan

Background The extent of attributable risks of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components on mortality remains unclear, especially with respect to age and gender. We aimed to assess the age- and gender-specific population attributable risks (PARs) for cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality and all-cause mortality for public health planning. Methods A total of 2,092 men...

Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate Effectiveness of Registered Dietitian–Led Diabetes Management on Glycemic and Diet Control in a Primary Care Setting in Taiwan

MENG-CHUAN HUANG PHD CHIH-CHENG HSU DRPH HUAN-SEN WANG MS SHYI-JANG SHIN PHD OBJECTIVE - In this randomized controlled trial we evaluated the effect of registered dietitian-led management of

Immigrant-native differences in caries-related knowledge, attitude, and oral health behaviors: a cross-sectional study in Taiwan

-Chun Lin Chih-Cheng Hsu Fu-Li Chen Chien-Hung Lee Ted Chen Chin-Shun Chang Ya-Ying Lin Hsiao-Ling Huang 0 0 Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University , 100

Immigrant-native differences in caries-related knowledge, attitude, and oral health behaviors: a cross-sectional study in Taiwan

With the growing number of transnational marriages in Taiwan, oral health disparities have become a public health issue. This study assessed immigrant-native differences in oral health behaviors of urban mothers and their children. We used the baseline data of an oral health promotion program to examine the immigrant-native differences in caries-related knowledge, attitude, and...

Estimation of Expected Life-Years Saved From Successful Prevention of End-Stage Renal Disease in Elderly Patients With Diabetes: A nationwide study from Taiwan

DENG-CHI YANG LUKAS JYUHN-HSIARN LEE PHD CHIH-CHENG HSU DRPH YU-YIN CHANG MSC MING-CHENG WANG WEI-HUNG LIN CHIA-MING CHANG JUNG-DER WANG SCD E p i d e m i o l o g y / H e a l t h OBJECTIVEdBecause

Type 2 diabetes increases and metformin reduces total, colorectal, liver and pancreatic cancer incidences in Taiwanese: a representative population prospective cohort study of 800,000 individuals

Background Metformin protection against cancer risk in Orientals is uncertain. We examined the possible metformin effect on total, esophageal, gastric, colorectal (CRC), hepatocellular (HCC) and pancreatic cancers in a Taiwanese cohort. Methods A representative sample of 800,000 was drawn from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance data of 2000. A cohort of 480,984 participants...

Association between Dietary Fiber Intake and Physical Performance in Older Adults: A Nationwide Study in Taiwan

follows: Drs. Chao-Agnes Hsiung, Chih-Cheng Hsu, I-Chien Wu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chu-Chih Chen, Yen-Feng Chiu, Hui-Ju Tsai, and Ken N. Kuo, of National Heath Research Institutes; Dr. Ching-Yu Chen of National

Household secondhand smoke exposure of elementary schoolchildren in Southern Taiwan and factors associated with their confidence in avoiding exposure: a cross-sectional study

Background Exposure to household Secondhand Smoke (SHS) poses a major health threat to children after an indoor smoking ban was imposed in Taiwan. This study aimed to assess the household SHS exposure in elementary school children in southern Taiwan and the factors associated with their avoidance of SHS exposure before and after the implementation of Taiwan's new Tobacco Hazards...

Poverty Increases Type 2 Diabetes Incidence and Inequality of Care Despite Universal Health Coverage

CHIH-CHENG HSU DRPH CHENG-HUA LEE DRPH MARK L. WAHLQVIST HSIAO-LING HUANG DRPH HSING-YI CHANG DRPH LIKWANG CHEN PHD SHU-FANG SHIH PHD SHYI-JANG SHIN PHD WEN-CHEN TSAI DRPH TED CHEN PHD CHI-TING HUANG

The dimensions of responsiveness of a health system: a Taiwanese perspective

Background Responsiveness is an indicator used to measure how well a health system performs relative to non-health aspects. This study assessed whether seven dimensions proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to measure responsiveness (dignity, autonomy, confidentiality, prompt attention, social support, basic amenities, and choices of providers) are applicable in...

Increased risk of mortality in the elderly population with late-stage chronic kidney disease: a cohort study in Taiwan

Shang-Jyh Hwang Ming-Yen Lin Hung-Chun Chen Su-Chen Hwang Wu-Chang Yang Chih-Cheng Hsu Herng-Chia Chiu Lih-Wen Mau Background. Taiwan has the world's highest incidence and second highest prevalence

Association Between Insulin Resistance and Development of Microalbuminuria in Type 2 Diabetes: A prospective cohort study

OBJECTIVE An association between insulin resistance and microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes has often been found in cross-sectional studies. We aimed to reassess this relationship in a prospective Taiwanese cohort of type 2 diabetic subjects.

The regional differences in prevalence, medical expenditures and risk factors for injury in Taiwanese teenagers

Background Injury is the leading cause of death in teenagers worldwide. In Taiwan, people in mountainous areas have a 4 to 8 years shorter life span than the general population. Injury among teenagers is likely a major cause. The objective of this study was to investigate the regional differences in the prevalence, the risk factors, and the medical expenditures for injury among...

Trans-ethnic fine mapping identifies a novel independent locus at the 3′ end of CDKAL1 and novel variants of several susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes in a Han Chinese population

Aims/hypothesis Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies have identified ∼60 susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes. A majority of these loci have been discovered and tested only in European populations. The aim of this study was to assess the presence and extent of trans-ethnic effects of these loci in an East Asian population. Methods A total of 9,335 unrelated...

DIALYSIS. EPIDEMIOLOGY, OUTCOME RESEARCH, HEALTH SERVICES 2

Introduction and Aims: Psychiatric and neurological disorders are highly prevalent in the dialysis population. We postulated that because the presence of serious psychiatric and neurological disorders may have a negative impact on patient self-care, these conditions may be associated with higher rates of vascular access (VA) infections. Methods: DOPPS phase 4 (2009-2011...

CKD GENERAL AND CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 1

Introduction and Aims: In hemodialysis (HD) patients low pre-HD serum sodium (SNa+) and high Na+ gradients have been associated with higher mortality. Increased pre-HD SNa+ variability has been linked to mortality, while stable SNa+ levels are associated with better survival. Here we investigated the joint relationship of SNa+ variability (expressed as standard deviation, SD) and...