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The rs2237892 Polymorphism in KCNQ1 Influences Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Glucose Levels: A Case-Control Study and Meta-Analysis

Objective Recent genetic studies have shown that potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member1 (KCNQ1) gene is related to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, studies for the rs2237892 polymorphism in KCNQ1 and GDM remain conflicting in Asians. Furthermore, associations of this polymorphism with glucose levels during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) have...

Association between maternal HIV infection and low birth weight and prematurity: a meta-analysis of cohort studies

Background To assess the association between maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and low birth weight (LBW)/prematurity (PTD), we conducted a meta-analysis of cohort studies of HIV infected and uninfected women. Methods Several English and Chinese databases were searched (updated to May 2015) to find the studies reporting infant outcomes associated with exposure...

High Uric Acid (UA) Negatively Affects Serum Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) Immunoassay

Background Bone metastases often occur in the majority of patients with advanced cancer, such as prostate cancer, lung cancer and breast cancer. Serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b), a novel bone resorption marker, has been used gradually in the clinics as a specific and sensitive marker of bone resorption for the early diagnosis of cancer patients with bone...

De novo Assembly and Characterization of the Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) Transcriptome Using Next-Generation Pyrosequencing

Background Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) is an important weed that is a menace to rice cultivation and production. Rapid evolution of herbicide resistance in this weed makes it one of the most difficult to manage using herbicides. Since genome-wide sequence data for barnyardgrass is limited, we sequenced the transcriptomes of susceptible and resistant barnyardgrass...

Changes in levels of angiotensin II and its receptors in a model of inverted stress-induced cardiomyopathy

Background Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) has gained increasing attention worldwide and is characterized by extensive ventricular akinesis, Beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are the main treatments for SIC patients. The pharmacological mechanism of action of beta-blockers results in the inhibition of the biological effects of catecholamines...

Correlative analysis of social support with anxiety and depression in men undergoing in vitro fertilization embryo transfer for the first time

Objective To explore the correlation between the level of social support and the extent of anxiety and depression in Chinese men undergoing in vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET) for the first time, in order to provide a basis for male mental health counselling.

Response to Comment on: Zhu et al. Fasting Plasma Glucose at 24–28 Weeks to Screen for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: New Evidence From China. Diabetes Care 2013;36:2038–2040

IADPSG criteria in the second paragraph. It is unclear which version of American Diabetes Association criteria was adopted and whether it is the same as the IADPSG criteria. WEI-WEI ZHU, MD1 HUI-XIA YANG

Gastric cancer-associated enhancement of von Willebrand factor is regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor and related to disease severity

Background von Willebrand factor (vWF) is a potent regulator of angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis. Yet, the expression pattern of vWF in human gastric cancer (GC) tissues and its relation to clinicopathological features of these cases remains unknown. Methods Tumor and 5-cm adjacent non-tumoral parenchyma specimens were collected from 99 patients with GC (early stages I...

An iterative Algorithm for Hemicontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

We First introduce a three-step iterative algorithm for approximating the fixed points of the hemicontractive mappings in Banach spaces. Consequently, we prove the strong convergence of the proposed algorithm under some assumptions. Since three-step iterations include Ishikawa iterations as special cases, our result continue to hold for these problems. Our main results can be...

An iterative Algorithm for Hemicontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

We First introduce a three-step iterative algorithm for approximating the fixed points of the hemicontractive mappings in Banach spaces. Consequently, we prove the strong convergence of the proposed algorithm under some assumptions. Since three-step iterations include Ishikawa iterations as special cases, our result continue to hold for these problems. Our main results can be...

Anthraquinone G503 Induces Apoptosis in Gastric Cancer Cells through the Mitochondrial Pathway

G503 is an anthraquinone compound isolated from the secondary metabolites of a mangrove endophytic fungus from the South China Sea. The present study elucidates the anti-tumor activity and the underlying mechanism of G503. Cell viability assay performed in nine cancer cell lines and two normal cell lines demonstrated that the gastric cancer cell line SGC7901 is the most G503...

Pod shattering resistance associated with domestication is mediated by a NAC gene in soybean

Loss of seed dispersal is a key agronomical trait targeted by ancient human selection and has been regarded as a milestone of crop domestication. In this study, in the legume crop soybean Glycine max (L.) Merr. which provides vegetable oils and proteins for humans, we show that the key cellular feature of the shattering-resistant trait lies in the excessively lignified fibre cap...

Synthesis of Coral-Like Tantalum Oxide Films via Anodization in Mixed Organic-Inorganic Electrolytes

We report a simple method to fabricate nano-porous tantalum oxide films via anodization with Ta foils as the anode at room temperature. A mixture of ethylene glycol, phosphoric acid, NH4F and H2O was used as the electrolyte where the nano-porous tantalum oxide could be synthesized by anodizing a tantalum foil for 1 h at 20 V in a two–electrode configuration. The as-prepared...

MicroRNA-155 inhibits angiotensin II-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation

Background: MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is a multifunctional signal microRNA that participates in a variety of cardiovascular diseases and is involved in physiological and pathological processes in different cell types.

Complex Formation Control of Large-Scale Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles

A new formation framework of large-scale intelligent autonomous vehicles is developed, which can realize complex formations while reducing data exchange. Using the proposed hierarchy formation method and the automatic dividing algorithm, vehicles are automatically divided into leaders and followers by exchanging information via wireless network at initial time. Then, leaders form...

An Iterative Algorithm for a Hierarchical Problem

A general hierarchical problem has been considered, and an explicit algorithm has been presented for solving this hierarchical problem. Also, it is shown that the suggested algorithm converges strongly to a solution of the hierarchical problem.

Novel microRNA families expanded in the human genome

Zhi-Qiang Du 0 Cai-Xia Yang 0 Max F Rothschild Jason W Ross 0 Equal contributors Department of Animal Science and Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University , 2255 Kildee Hall, Ames