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Power Generation Enhancement by Utilizing Plant Photosynthate in Microbial Fuel Cell Coupled Constructed Wetland System

In the present study, a new technology that coupled constructed wetland (CW) with microbial fuel cell (MFC) (CW-MFC) was developed to convert solar energy into electricity on the principles of photosynthetic MFC by utilizing root exudates of Ipomoea aquatica as part of fuel. The maximum power density of 12.42 mW m−2 produced from the CW-MFC planted with Ipomoea aquatica was 142...

The embodiment of emotion: language use during the feeling of social emotions predicts cortical somatosensory activity

Complex social emotions involve both abstract cognitions and bodily sensations, and individuals may differ on their relative reliance on these. We hypothesized that individuals’ descriptions of their feelings during a semi-structured emotion induction interview would reveal two distinct psychological styles—a more abstract, cognitive style and a more body-based, affective style...

Preparation and evaluation of chitosan-calcium-gellan gum beads for controlled release of protein

The bead system composed of chitosan and calcium-gellan gum was prepared through a combination of ionotropic gelation and polyelectrolyte complexation for oral protein delivery. The characteristics of beads were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, release studies, and swelling...

Cloud-based uniform ChIP-Seq processing tools for modENCODE and ENCODE

Background Funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the aim of the Model Organism ENCyclopedia of DNA Elements (modENCODE) project is to provide the biological research community with a comprehensive encyclopedia of functional genomic elements for both model organisms C. elegans (worm) and D. melanogaster (fly). With a total size of just under 10 terabytes of data...

Positive Solutions for Third-Order Boundary-Value Problems with the Integral Boundary Conditions and Dependence on the First-Order Derivatives

2013; Accepted 9 June 2013 Academic Editor: Wei-Shih Du Copyright © 2013 Yanping Guo and Fei Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which

mBeRFP, an Improved Large Stokes Shift Red Fluorescent Protein

Herein, we describe the generation of a monomeric large Stokes shift (LSS) red fluorescent protein, mBeRFP, with excitation and emission peaks at 446 and 615 nm, respectively. Compared with two previously reported LSS-RFPs (mKeima and LSS-mKate2), mBeRFP is approximately three times brighter. In addition, mBeRFP is characterized by improved photostability, rapid maturation, an...

Porous Tantalum Coatings Prepared by Vacuum Plasma Spraying Enhance BMSCs Osteogenic Differentiation and Bone Regeneration In Vitro and In Vivo

Tantalum, as a potential metallic implant biomaterial, is attracting more and more attention because of its excellent anticorrosion and biocompatibility. However, its significantly high elastic modulus and large mechanical incompatibility with bone tissue make it unsuitable for load-bearing implants. In this study, porous tantalum coatings were first successfully fabricated on...

SUMOylation of Mouse p53b by SUMO-1 Promotes Its Pro-Apoptotic Function in Ovarian Granulosa Cells

Follicular atresia is a process of spontaneous degradation of follicles, hindering growth and development in the mammalian ovary. Previous studies showed that follicular atresia was caused by apoptosis of granulosa cells, for which a number of apoptosis-related genes have already been identified. The roles of p53 in apoptosis of mouse granulosa cells and its post-translational...

Splicing proofreading at 5′ splice sites by ATPase Prp28p

Fidelity and efficiency of pre-mRNA splicing are critical for generating functional mRNAs, but how such accuracy in 5′ splice site (SS) selection is attained is not fully clear. Through a series of yeast genetic screens, we isolated alleles of prp28 that improve splicing of suboptimal 5′SS substrates, demonstrating that WT-Prp28p proofreads, and consequently rejects, poor 5′SS...

Association of Intron Loss with High Mutation Rate in Arabidopsis: Implications for Genome Size Evolution

Yu-Fei Yang 0 Tao Zhu 0 Deng-Ke Niu 0 0 MOE Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Gene Resource and Molecular Development, College of Life

Reconstruction of Saccular and Dissected Intracranial Aneurysms Using Solitaire™ AB Stents

Introduction We aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy, and predictors for outcome of reconstructive treatment with Solitaire™ AB stent(s) based on 54 cases of saccular aneurysms and 14 of acute symptomatic dissecting aneurysms. Methods Fifty-eight consecutive patients (M/F = 28/30; median age, 53 years) harbouring 68 aneurysms (ruptured/unruptured = 12/56) underwent...

Mature Archean continental crust in the Yangtze craton: Evidence from petrology, geochronology and geochemistry

Previous studies have shown that the Archean basement is widely distributed throughout the Yangtze craton. To date, however, Archean basement terrains have not been found, except for a few Kongling high-grade metamorphic terrains in the Huangling dome that have been confirmed to be of Archean age. To further understand the basement component and crustal evolution of the Yangtze...

A numerical simulation of metallic cylindrical sandwich shells subjected to air blast loading

The dynamic response of cylindrical sandwich shells with aluminum foam cores subjected to air blast loading was investigated numerically in this paper. According to KNR theory, the nonlinear compressibility of the air and finite shock conditions were taken into account in the finite element model. Numerical simulation results show that the compression strain, which plays a key...

Image Restoration Based on the Hybrid Total-Variation-Type Model

We propose a hybrid total-variation-type model for the image restoration problem based on combining advantages of the ROF model with the LLT model. Since two -norm terms in the proposed model make it difficultly solved by using some classically numerical methods directly, we first employ the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) to solve a general form of the...

Single-dose pharmacokinetic and toxicity analysis of pyrrole–imidazole polyamides in mice

PurposePyrrole–imidazole (Py-Im) polyamides are programmable, sequence-specific DNA minor groove–binding ligands. Previous work in cell culture has shown that various polyamides can be used to modulate the transcriptional programs of oncogenic transcription factors. In this study, two hairpin polyamides with demonstrated activity against androgen receptor signaling in cell...

Downregulation of Chloroplast RPS1 Negatively Modulates Nuclear Heat-Responsive Expression of HsfA2 and Its Target Genes in Arabidopsis

Heat stress commonly leads to inhibition of photosynthesis in higher plants. The transcriptional induction of heat stress-responsive genes represents the first line of inducible defense against imbalances in cellular homeostasis. Although heat stress transcription factor HsfA2 and its downstream target genes are well studied, the regulatory mechanisms by which HsfA2 is activated...

Positive solutions for nonlocal fourth-order boundary value problems with all order derivatives

In this article, by the fixed point theorem in a cone and the nonlocal fourth-order BVP's Green function, the existence of at least one positive solution for the nonlocal fourth-order boundary value problem with all order derivatives u ( 4 ) ( t ) + A u ″ ( t ) = λ f ( t , u ( t ) , u ′ ( t ) , u ″ ( t ) , u ‴ ( t ) ) , 0 < t < 1 , u ( 0 ) = u ( 1 ) = ∫ 0 1 p ( s ) u ( s ) d s...

L∞ estimates of solutions for the quasilinear parabolic equation with nonlinear gradient term and L1 data

In this article, we study the quasilinear parabolic problem u t - div ( ∇ u m ∇ u ) + u u β - 2 ∇ u q = u u α - 2 ∇ u p + g ( u ) , x ∈ Ω , t > 0 , u ( x , 0 ) = u 0 ( x ) , x ∈ Ω ; u ( x , t ) = 0 , x ∈ ∂ Ω , t ≥ 0 , where Ω is a bounded domain in ℝN, m > 0 and g(u) satisfies |g(u)| ≤ K1|u|1+ν with 0 ≤ ν < m. By the Moser's technique, we prove that if α, β > 1, 0 ≤ p < q, 1 ≤ q...