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Transcriptomic analyses reveal the adaptive features and biological differences of guts from two invasive whitefly species

Background The gut of phloem feeding insects is critical for nutrition uptake and xenobiotics degradation. However, partly due to its tiny size, genomic information for the gut of phloem feeding insects is limited. Results In this study, the gut transcriptomes of two species of invasive whiteflies in the Bemisia tabaci complex, Middle East Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean...

Correction: Road Traffic Injury Prevention Initiatives: A Systematic Review and Metasummary of Effectiveness in Low and Middle Income Countries

Nicole Toomey Rebeccah Wafula Jihad Abdelgadir Yi Zhao Chen Liu Fengdi Pei Brittany Zick Camille D. Ratliff Claire Rotich Nicole Jadue Luciano de Andrade Megan von Isenburg Michael Hocker The seventh ... author's name is incorrectly spelled. The correct name is Yi Zhao. OPEN ACCESS

Global transcriptome and gene regulation network for secondary metabolite biosynthesis of tea plant (Camellia sinensis)

Background Major secondary metabolites, including flavonoids, caffeine, and theanine, are important components of tea products and are closely related to the taste, flavor, and health benefits of tea. Secondary metabolite biosynthesis in Camellia sinensis is differentially regulated in different tissues during growth and development. Until now, little was known about the...

PEDF Expression Is Inhibited by Insulin Treatment in Adipose Tissue via Suppressing 11β-HSD1

Early intensive insulin therapy improves insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients; while the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), an anti-angiogenic factor, is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Here, we hypothesize that PEDF might be down regulated by insulin and then lead to the improved...

A general strategy for synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles attached on carbon nanomaterials

We report a general strategy for synthesis of a large variety of metal oxide nanoparticles on different carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), including single-walled carbon nanotubes, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, and a few-layer graphene. The approach was based on the π-π interaction between CNMs and modified aromatic organic ligands, which acted as bridges connecting metal ions and...

The Effects of a Community-Based Sodium Reduction Program in Rural China – A Cluster-Randomized Trial

Background Average sodium intake and stroke mortality in northern China are both among the highest in the world. An effective, low-cost strategy to reduce sodium intake in this population is urgently needed. Objective We sought to determine the effects of a community-based sodium reduction program on salt consumption in rural northern China. Design This study was a cluster...

Generalized Projective Synchronization between Two Different Neural Networks with Mixed Time Delays

The generalized projective synchronization (GPS) between two different neural networks with nonlinear coupling and mixed time delays is considered. Several kinds of nonlinear feedback controllers are designed to achieve GPS between two different such neural networks. Some results for GPS of these neural networks are proved theoretically by using the Lyapunov stability theory and...

Evaluation of high-risk clinicopathological indicators in gastrointestinal stromal tumors for prognosis and imatinib treatment outcome

Background Although the clinical benefit of imatinib adjuvant therapy for high-risk patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has been proven, the recurrence rate still remains high. This study aimed to sub-divide high-risk GIST patients with some “very high-risk” factors for more precise prognostic indicator, and possible association with efficiency of imatinib...

The association between medical students’ lifestyles and their attitudes towards preventive counseling in different countries

1 Yi Zhao 7 Shen Yuan 4 Ruijuan Zhang 4 Matthew Sebranek 0 Lennert Veerman 6 Mu Li 5 Enying Gong 9 Shu Chen 9 Wenjie Ma 9 Liping Huang 5 KaWing Cho 9 Stephen Leeder 8 Lijing Yan 0 0 Duke Global Health

Exploring hierarchical and overlapping modular structure in the yeast protein interaction network

Changning Liu 0 Jing Li 0 Yi Zhao 0 0 Bioinformatics Group, Key Laboratory of Intelligent Information Processing, Center for Advanced Computing Research, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese

Characteristics of TCM constitutions of adult Chinese women in Hong Kong and identification of related influencing factors: a cross-sectional survey

and helped to perform the statistical analysis and manuscript writing; Yi Zhao and Steve An Xue gave expert advice in the study design and participated in manuscript writing; Lei Jia, Yanhua He, Xiao

Association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms with metabolic syndrome: a case–control design of population-based cross-sectional study in North China

management: YZ, YHZ; Data management: YZ, ZYH; Data analysis and drafting paper: SL, YZ. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Authors information Yi Zhao and Sha Liao Co-first authors

Efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture with different acupoints for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background Many patients experience nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy treatment. Evidence demonstrates that electroacupuncture is beneficial for controlling chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). However, the acupoint or matching acupoint with the best efficacy for controlling CINV still remains unidentified. Methods/Design This study consists of a randomized...

The significance of CP29 reversible phosphorylation in thylakoids of higher plants under environmental stresses

Reversible phosphorylation of proteins is a key event in many fundamental cellular processes. Under stressful conditions, many thylakoid membrane proteins in photosynthetic apparatus of higher plants undergo rapid phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in response to environmental changes. CP29 is the most frequently phosphorylated protein among three minor antennae complexes in...

Photoresponse and carrier transport of protocrystalline silicon multilayer films

Alternating multilayer films of hydrogen diluted hydrogenated protocrystalline silicon (pc-Si:H) were prepared using a plasma- enhanced chemical vapor deposition technique. The microstructure of the deposited films and photoresponse characteristics of their Schottky diode structures were investigated by Raman scattering spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and...

Utilizing sequence intrinsic composition to classify protein-coding and long non-coding transcripts

It is a challenge to classify protein-coding or non-coding transcripts, especially those re-constructed from high-throughput sequencing data of poorly annotated species. This study developed and evaluated a powerful signature tool, Coding-Non-Coding Index (CNCI), by profiling adjoining nucleotide triplets to effectively distinguish protein-coding and non-coding sequences...

NONCODEv4: exploring the world of long non-coding RNA genes

NONCODE (http://www.bioinfo.org/noncode/) is an integrated knowledge database dedicated to non-coding RNAs (excluding tRNAs and rRNAs). Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been implied in diseases and identified to play important roles in various biological processes. Since NONCODE version 3.0 was released 2 years ago, discovery of novel ncRNAs has been promoted by high-throughput RNA...

Systematic study of human long intergenic non-coding RNAs and their impact on cancer

The functional impact of several long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) has been characterized in previous studies. However, it is difficult to identify lincRNAs on a large-scale and to ascertain their functions or predict their structures in laboratory experiments because of the diversity, lack of knowledge and specificity of expression of lincRNAs. Furthermore, although...

Contribution of moderate overall coal-bearing basin uplift to tight sand gas accumulation: case study of the Xujiahe Formation in the Sichuan Basin and the Upper Paleozoic in the Ordos Basin, China

Tight sand gas is an important unconventional gas resource occurring widely in different petroleum basins. In coal-bearing formations of the Upper Triassic in the Sichuan Basin and the Carboniferous and Permian in the Ordos Basin, coal measure strata and tight sandstone constitute widely distributed source–reservoir assemblages and form the basic conditions for the formation of...

Dr.VIS v2.0: an updated database of human disease-related viral integration sites in the era of high-throughput deep sequencing

Dr.VIS is a database of human disease-related viral integration sites (VIS). The number of VIS has grown rapidly since Dr.VIS was first released in 2011, and there is growing recognition of the important role that viral integration plays in the development of malignancies. The updated database version, Dr.VIS v2.0 (http://www.bioinfo.org/drvis or bminfor.tongji.edu.cn/drvis_v2...