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Neural correlates of social well-being: gray matter density in the orbitofrontal cortex predicts social well-being in emerging adulthood

Social well-being reflects the perception of one’s social functioning, which plays an important role in physical and psychological health. However, the exact neuroanatomical substrate for social well-being remains unclear. To address the issue, we employed the voxel-based morphometry method to probe the neuroanatomical basis of individual variation in social well-being in young...

Counting crows: population structure and group size variation in an urban population of crows

Social complexity arises from the formation of social relationships like social bonds and dominance hierarchies. In turn, these aspects may be affected by the degree of fission–fusion dynamics, i.e., changes in group size and composition over time. Whilst fission–fusion dynamics has been studied in mammals, birds have received comparably little attention, despite some species...

Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition of Cobalt Films Using Co(EtCp)2 as a Metal Precursor

For advanced Cu interconnect technology, Co films have been widely investigated to serve as the liner and seed layer replacement because of a better wettability to Cu than Ta. In this article, the Co films are grown by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition using Co(EtCp)2 as a precursor, and the influences of process parameters on the characteristics of the Co films are...

Pale by comparison: competitive interactions between signaling female glow-worms

When individuals differ in their abilities to compete for a mate, weaker competitors may evolve tactics to increase their mating success. Exploiting attractiveness of others to get mates is a common tactic in many taxa, although examples of this behavior in females are scarce. In glow-worms (Lampyris noctiluca L., Coleoptera: Lampyridae), females attract males by glowing and...

Improving the quality of vocational students’ collaboration and knowledge acquisition through instruction and joint reflection

New societal demands call for schools to train students’ collaboration skills. However, research thus far has focused mainly on promoting collaboration to facilitate knowledge acquisition and has rarely provided insight into how to train students’ collaboration skills. This study demonstrates the positive effects on the quality of students’ collaboration and their knowledge...

Development of DNA-based species-specific real-time PCR markers for four berry fruits and their application in commercial berry fruit foods

Berry fruits have attracted attention because of their purported benefits for aging, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Therefore, highly priced berry fruits might be targets for food adulteration and fraud. In this study, eight species-specific primer sets based on the single nucleotide polymorphism of the chloroplast genomes of four berry fruits (aronia, blackberry, cranberry...

Identification of a mutant from Arachis veigae with enhanced seed oleic and very long-chain fatty acid content

High oleate is an important seed quality trait frequently incorporated in peanut varieties. Crop wild relatives (CWR) are potentially useful genetic resources for cultivar improvement through genetic introgression; but for wild peanut species, many chemical or nutritional traits are not well characterized. A mutant from Arachis veigae S. H. Santana & Valls (2n = 2x = 20), with...

Overt social interaction and resting state in young adult males with autism: core and contextual neural features

Conversation is an important and ubiquitous social behaviour. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (autism) without intellectual disability often have normal structural language abilities but deficits in social aspects of communication like pragmatics, prosody, and eye contact. Previous studies of resting state activity suggest that intrinsic connections among neural...

Epithelial Mutations in Endometriosis: Link to Ovarian Cancer

Epidemiologic and histopathologic associations between endometriosis and epithelial ovarian cancer have been reported; however, the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms are not well understood. A possible genetic link has been suggested in recent publications. Driver mutations in PIK3CA, KRAS, ARID1A, and other genes have been found in the epithelium of intrauterine...

Quantitative Proteomics by SWATH-MS of Maternal Plasma Exosomes Determine Pathways Associated With Term and Preterm Birth

Exosomes are membrane-bound nanovesicles that transport molecular signals between cells. This study determined changes in maternal plasma exosome proteomics contents in term and preterm births. Maternal plasma (MP) samples were collected from group 1: term not in labor (TNIL, n = 13); group 2: term in labor (TL, n = 11); group 3: preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM, n...

Symptom Reporting Patterns of US Military Service Members with a History of Concussion According to Duty Status

To compare symptom reporting patterns of service members with a history of concussion based on work status: full duty, limited duty, or in the Medical Evaluation Board (MEB)/disability process.

Algorithmic Government: Automating Public Services and Supporting Civil Servants in using Data Science Technologies

The data science technologies of artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), big data and behavioral/predictive analytics, and blockchain are poised to revolutionize government and create a new generation of GovTech start-ups. The impact from the ‘smartification’ of public services and the national infrastructure will be much more significant in comparison to any...

Demand for Household Food Waste

We estimate the demand for food waste within the household using observational data of food stock usage and meal consumption, the net of which forms a proxy for unconsumed food. We find that food waste is a luxury good with an expenditure elasticity ranging from 1.1 to 1.4. The wasting of food is also rather responsive to price: our own-price elasticity estimates range from -1.9...

Strong Coupling between a Quasi-single Molecule and a Plasmonic Cavity in the Trapping System

We theoretically investigate the strong coupling phenomenon between a quasi-single molecule and a plasmonic cavity based on the blue-detuned trapping system. The trapping system is made up of a metallic nanohole array. A finite-difference time-domain method is employed to simulate the system, and the molecule is treated as a dipole in simulations. By calculating the...

Retailer Proximity and Nutrition Program Redemptions: Evidence From the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer For Children Program

Although nearly all Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits are redeemed, a moderate share of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) benefits go unredeemed. Some hypothesize that the redemption rate differences are due to the lower density of WIC-authorized retailers. For the 2012 Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children...

Controllable Optical Bistability and Four-Wave Mixing in a Photonic-Molecule Optomechanics

We theoretically investigate the nonlinear optical phenomena including optical bistability and four-wave mixing (FWM) process in a composite photonic-molecule cavity optomechanical system. The photonic-molecule cavity consisted of two whispering gallery mode (WGM) microcavities, where one WGM cavity is an optomechanical cavity with high-cavity dissipation κ and the other WGM...