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187 papers found.
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Energy management strategy for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle equipped with a battery/ultra-capacitor hybrid energy storage system

To solve the low power density issue of hybrid electric vehicular batteries, a combination of batteries and ultra-capacitors (UCs) could be a solution. The high power density feature of UCs can improve the performance of battery/UC hybrid energy storage systems (HESSs). This paper presents a parallel hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) equipped with an internal combustion engine and an...

The Cardioprotective Effect of Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopherol) Is Strongly Related to Age and Gender in Mice

Vitamin E (VitE) only prevented cardiovascular diseases in some patients and the mechanisms remain unknown. VitE levels can be affected by aging and gender. We hypothesize that age and gender can influence VitE’s cardioprotective effect. Mice were divided into 4 groups according to age and gender, and each group of mice were divided into a control group and a VitE group. The mice...

Rice ragged stunt virus-induced apoptosis affects virus transmission from its insect vector, the brown planthopper to the rice plant

Rice ragged stunt virus- Hai-Jian Huang Yan-Yuan Bao Shu-Hua Lao Xiao-Hui Huang Yi-Zhou Ye Jian- Xiang Wu Hai-Jun Xu Xue-Ping Zhou Chuan-Xi Zhang Scientific RepoRts Most plant viruses that

Preparation and therapeutic evaluation of 188Re-thermogelling emulsion in rat model of hepatocellular carcinoma

Preparation and therapeutic evaluation of 188Re-thermogelling emulsion in rat model of hepatocellular carcinoma Ying-Hsia Shih,1,2 Xi-Zhang Lin,3 Chung-Hsin Yeh,1 Cheng-Liang Peng,1,2 Ming-Jium Shieh

Elevated Plasma D-Dimer Levels Correlate with Long Term Survival of Gastric Cancer Patients

Background Increasing evidence indicated plasma D-dimer could be regarded as a marker in cancers, however, its role in gastric cancer is still largely unknown. Methods Plasma D-dimer levels were measured by enzyme linked fluorescent immunoassays and evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for peritoneal dissemination in gastric cancer and healthy subjects. The...

CAERUS: Predicting CAncER oUtcomeS Using Relationship between Protein Structural Information, Protein Networks, Gene Expression Data, and Mutation Data

, Gene Expression Data, and Mutation Data Kelvin Xi Zhang 0 B. F. Francis Ouellette 0 John Quackenbush, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, United States of America 0 1 Graduate Program in Bioinformatics

All-trans retinoic acid arrests cell cycle in leukemic bone marrow stromal cells by increasing intercellular communication through connexin 43-mediated gap junction

Background Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is typically decreased in malignant tumors. Gap junction is not presented between hematopoietic cells but occurred in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Connexin 43 (Cx43) is the major gap junction (GJ) protein; our previous study revealed that Cx43 expression and GJIC were decreased in acute leukemic BMSCs. All-trans...

A Branch-and-Bound Algorithm for Minimizing the Energy Consumption in the PFS Problem

This paper considers the energy consumption minimization in permutation flow shop (PFS) scheduling problem. The energy consumption of each machine is decomposed into two parts: useful part which completes the operation at current stage and wasted part which is consumed during idle period. The objective considered here is to minimize the total wasted energy consumption which is a...

Comparison between Chinese Herbal Medicines and Conventional Therapy in the Treatment of Severe Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Background. This study was made to evaluate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicines, Reduning injection, and a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) granule, in patients with severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) by conducting a prospective, controlled, and randomized trial. Methods. 355 severe HFMD patients were randomly assigned to receive conventional therapy alone...

Comparison between Chinese Herbal Medicines and Conventional Therapy in the Treatment of Severe Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Background. This study was made to evaluate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicines, Reduning injection, and a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) granule, in patients with severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) by conducting a prospective, controlled, and randomized trial. Methods. 355 severe HFMD patients were randomly assigned to receive conventional therapy alone...

High expression of APAF-1 elevates erythroid apoptosis in iron overload myelodysplastic syndrome

Shucheng Gu Youshan Zhao Juan Guo Feng Xu Chengming Fei Xi Zhang Chao Xiao Chunkang Chang Xiao Li Apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (APAF-1) is a central component of the intrinsic pathway of

Risk Factors for Postural Tachycardia Syndrome in Children and Adolescents

Background Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is prevalent in children and adolescents and has a great impact on health. But its risk factors have not been fully understood. This study aimed to explore possible risk factors for children and adolescents with POTS. Methods and Findings 600 children and adolescents (test group) aged 7–18 (11.9±3.0) years old, 259 males and 341...

On-machine 3D vision system for machining setup modeling

Xi Zhang 0 Xiaodong Tian 0 Kazuo Yamazaki 0 0 X. Tian Digital Technology Laboratory Corporation , Sacramento, CA, USA In computer numerical control machine tools, using machining simulation to

Detecting Deep Divergence in Seventeen Populations of Tea Geometrid (Ectropis obliqua Prout) in China by COI mtDNA and Cross-Breeding

The tea geometrid (Ectropis obliqua Prout, Lepidoptera: Geometridae) is a dominant chewing insect endemic in most tea-growing areas in China. Recently some E. obliqua populations have been found to be resistant to the nucleopolyhedrovirus (EoNPV), a host-specific virus that has so far been found only in E. obliqua. Although the resistant populations are morphologically...

Prognostic Value of Human Equilibrative NucleosideTransporter1 in Pancreatic Cancer Receiving Gemcitabin-Based Chemotherapy: A Meta-Analysis

Background The potential prognostic value of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter1 in pancreatic cancer receiving gemcitabine-based chemotherapy is variably reported. Objective The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of literature evaluating human equilibrative nucleoside transporter1 expression as a prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer receiving...

Vision-Related Quality of Life and Self-Rated Satisfaction Outcomes of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Surgery: Three-Year Prospective Study

Background Subjective functional outcomes measurements, such as vision health-related quality of life (VRQoL) and self-rated satisfaction measures can provide helpful multidimensional vision health information that is more comprehensive than traditional objective measures, such as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA). The purpose of this study is to demonstrate 3-year longitudinal...

Pandora, a PAthway and Network DiscOveRy Approach based on common biological evidence

Kelvin Xi Zhang 0 1 B. F. Francis Ouellette 0 Associate Editor: John Quackenbush 0 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, MaRS Centre , South Tower, 101 College Street , Toronto , Ontario, M5G 0A3

Outbreaks of the Brown Planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) in the Yangtze River Delta: Immigration or Local Reproduction?

An effective control strategy for migratory pests is difficult to implement because the cause of infestation (i.e., immigration or local reproduction) is often not established. In particular, the outbreak mechanisms of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), an insect causing massive losses in rice fields in the Yangtze River Delta in China, are frequently unclear...

Zinc Vacancy-Induced Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Undoped ZnO Thin Films

Undoped ZnO thin films are prepared by polymer-assisted deposition (PAD) and treated by postannealing at different temperatures in oxygen or forming gases (95%  Ar

Decitabine of Reduced Dosage in Chinese Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Retrospective Analysis

Decitabine has been approved for the treatment of all subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, the optimal regimen for decitabine treatment is not well established. In this study, an observational, retrospective and multi-center analysis was performed to explore the decitabine schedule for the treatment of MDS. A total of 79 patients received reduced dosage decitabine...