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The Pricing of Vulnerable Options in a Fractional Brownian Motion Environment

Under the assumption of the stock price, interest rate, and default intensity obeying the stochastic differential equation driven by fractional Brownian motion, the jump-diffusion model is established for the financial market in fractional Brownian motion setting. With the changes of measures, the traditional pricing method is simplified and the general pricing formula is...

Responses of bacterial community structure and denitrifying bacteria in biofilm to submerged macrophytes and nitrate

Submerged macrophytes play important roles in constructed wetlands and natural water bodies, as these organisms remove nutrients and provide large surfaces for biofilms, which are beneficial for nitrogen removal, particularly from submerged macrophyte-dominated water columns. However, information on the responses of biofilms to submerged macrophytes and nitrogen molecules is...

Decadal Trend in Agricultural Abandonment and Woodland Expansion in an Agro-Pastoral Transition Band in Northern China

Land use land cover (LULC) changes frequently in ecotones due to the large climate and soil gradients, and complex landscape composition and configuration. Accurate mapping of LULC changes in ecotones is of great importance for assessment of ecosystem functions/services and policy-decision support. Decadal or sub-decadal mapping of LULC provides scenarios for modeling...

Dynamic Active Earth Pressures of the Retaining Piles with Anchors under Vehicle Loads

The pile-anchor supporting structure is widely used in foundation pit engineering; then knowledge of active earth pressure on piles is very important for engineers. In this paper, based on the pseudodynamic method and considering the vehicle’s vibration characteristic, a method to calculate the earth pressure on piles under vehicle load is presented. At the same time, the...

Dynamic Active Earth Pressures of the Retaining Piles with Anchors under Vehicle Loads

The pile-anchor supporting structure is widely used in foundation pit engineering; then knowledge of active earth pressure on piles is very important for engineers. In this paper, based on the pseudodynamic method and considering the vehicle’s vibration characteristic, a method to calculate the earth pressure on piles under vehicle load is presented. At the same time, the...

Dynamic Active Earth Pressures of the Retaining Piles with Anchors under Vehicle Loads

The pile-anchor supporting structure is widely used in foundation pit engineering; then knowledge of active earth pressure on piles is very important for engineers. In this paper, based on the pseudodynamic method and considering the vehicle’s vibration characteristic, a method to calculate the earth pressure on piles under vehicle load is presented. At the same time, the...

Identification of miRNAs associated with dark-induced senescence in Arabidopsis

Background microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small (~21 nucleotide) single-stranded non-coding RNAs that typically function by guiding cleavage of target genes. To find the miRNAs that may be involved in dark-induced leaf senescence, we identified miRNAs by microarray platform using Arabidopsis thaliana leaves from both whole darkened plants (DPs) and individually darkened leaves...

Force/Position Hybrid Control of 6PUS-UPU Redundant Driven Parallel Manipulator Based on 2-DOF Internal Model Control

; Published 8 December 2014 Academic Editor: Hung-Yuan Chung Copyright © 2014 Kuijing Zheng and Chao Wang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which

Cellulose as an adhesion agent for the synthesis of lignin aerogel with strong mechanical performance, Sound-absorption and thermal Insulation

The lignin aerogels that are both high porosity and compressibility would have promising implications for bioengineering field to sound-adsorption and damping materials; however, creating this aerogel had a challenge to adhesive lignin. Here we reported cellulose as green adhesion agent to synthesize the aerogels with strong mechanical performance. Our approach—straightforwardly...

A novel perspective for burn-induced myopathy: Membrane repair defect

Myopathy is a common complication of severe burn patients. One potential cause of this myopathy could be failure of the plasma membrane to undergo repair following injuries generated from toxin or exercise. The aim of this study is to assess systemic effect on muscle membrane repair deficiency in burn injury. Skeletal muscle fibers isolated from burn-injured mice were damaged...

Functional Roles of Neural Preparatory Processes in a Cued Stroop Task Revealed by Linking Electrophysiology with Behavioral Performance

It is well established that cuing facilitates behavioral performance and that different aspects of instructional cues evoke specific neural preparatory processes in cued task-switching paradigms. To deduce the functional role of these neural preparatory processes the majority of studies vary aspects of the experimental paradigm and describe how these variations alter markers of...

A simple, one-step hydrothermal approach to durable and robust superparamagnetic, superhydrophobic and electromagnetic wave-absorbing wood

In this work, lamellar MnFe2O4 was successfully planted on a wood surface through the association of hydrogen bonds via the one-pot hydrothermal method. Simultaneously, the fluoroalkylsilane (FAS-17) on the surface of the MnFe2O4 layer formed long-chain or network macromolecules through a poly-condensation process and provided a lower surface energy on the wood surface. The...

miR199a-3p regulates P53 by targeting CABLES1 in mouse cardiac c-kit+ cells to promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis through a negative feedback loop

BackgroundMicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as crucial factors that regulate proliferation and apoptosis of cardiac c-kit+ cells. Although much is known about their role in maintaining cardiac c-kit+ cell pluripotency, the mechanisms by which they affect cell fate decisions that are an essential part of the repair of heart failure remain poorly understood.MethodsCardiac c-kit...

Digitor/dASCIZ Has Multiple Roles in Drosophila Development

In this study we provide evidence that the spindle matrix protein Skeletor in Drosophila interacts with the human ASCIZ (also known as ATMIN and ZNF822) ortholog, Digitor/dASCIZ. This interaction was first detected in a yeast two-hybrid screen and subsequently confirmed by pull-down assays. We also confirm a previously documented function of Digitor/dASCIZ as a regulator of...

Control of the Electric Load Simulator Using Fuzzy Multiresolution Wavelet Neural Network with Dynamic Compensation

Academic Editor: Vadim V. Silberschmidt Copyright © 2016 Chao Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use

Self-Organizing Adaptive Wavelet Backstepping Control Research for AC Servo System

A novel self-organizing adaptive wavelet cerebellar model articulation controller backstepping (SOWCB) control is proposed, aiming at some nonlinear and uncertain factors that caused difficulties in controlling the AC servo system. This controller consists of self-organizing wavelet cerebellar model articulation controller (CMAC) and robust compensator. It absorbs fast learning...

Self-Organizing Adaptive Wavelet Backstepping Control Research for AC Servo System

A novel self-organizing adaptive wavelet cerebellar model articulation controller backstepping (SOWCB) control is proposed, aiming at some nonlinear and uncertain factors that caused difficulties in controlling the AC servo system. This controller consists of self-organizing wavelet cerebellar model articulation controller (CMAC) and robust compensator. It absorbs fast learning...

Self-Organizing Adaptive Wavelet Backstepping Control Research for AC Servo System

A novel self-organizing adaptive wavelet cerebellar model articulation controller backstepping (SOWCB) control is proposed, aiming at some nonlinear and uncertain factors that caused difficulties in controlling the AC servo system. This controller consists of self-organizing wavelet cerebellar model articulation controller (CMAC) and robust compensator. It absorbs fast learning...

Interpolation of final geometry and result fields in process parameter space

Different routes to produce a product in a bulk forming process can be described by a limited set of process parameters. The parameters determine the final geometry as well as the distribution of state variables in the final shape. Ring rolling has been simulated using different parameter settings. The final state variable fields have been subjected to Principal Component...

GRAPHIE: graph based histology image explorer

Background Histology images comprise one of the important sources of knowledge for phenotyping studies in systems biology. However, the annotation and analyses of histological data have remained a manual, subjective and relatively low-throughput process. Results We introduce Graph based Histology Image Explorer (GRAPHIE)-a visual analytics tool to explore, annotate and discover...