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Intestine-Specific Overexpression of LDLR Enhances Cholesterol Excretion and Induces Metabolic Changes in Male Mice

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is one of the most effective treatment options for severe obesity and related comorbidities, including hyperlipidemia, a well-established risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of RYGB may facilitate development of equally effective, but less invasive, treatments...

Facile Synthesis of Hierarchical Tin Oxide Nanoflowers with Ultra-High Methanol Gas Sensing at Low Working Temperature

In this work, the hierarchical tin oxide nanoflowers have been successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method followed by calcination. The as-obtained samples were investigated as a kind of gas sensing material candidate for methanol. A series of examinations has been performed to explore the structure, morphology, element composition, and gas sensing performance of as...

Temperature-Dependent HfO2/Si Interface Structural Evolution and its Mechanism

In this work, hafnium oxide (HfO2) thin films are deposited on p-type Si substrates by remote plasma atomic layer deposition on p-type Si at 250 °C, followed by a rapid thermal annealing in nitrogen. Effect of post-annealing temperature on the crystallization of HfO2 films and HfO2/Si interfaces is investigated. The crystallization of the HfO2 films and HfO2/Si interface is...

Gender Differentiation of Indirect Self-Destructiveness in Drug Addicted Individuals (Indirect Self-Destructiveness in Addicted Women and Men)

The use of psychoactive substances is considered to be a typical self-destructive behaviour with addiction itself regarded as one of the self-destructiveness forms. The aim of this work was to explore the gender differentiation of the indirect self-destructiveness syndrome (and its particular categories) in drug addicted individuals treated in drug addiction treatment centres...

Congenital Zika Syndrome and Extra-Central Nervous System Detection of Zika Virus in a Pre-term Newborn in Mexico

During pregnancy, the Zika virus (ZIKV) replicates in the placenta and central nervous system (CNS) of infected fetuses; nevertheless, the ability of ZIKV to replicate in other fetal tissues has not been extensively characterized.

Diagnose- oder Befunderhebungsfehler? Ein medizintheoretisch fundiertes Abgrenzungsmodell

ZusammenfassungOriginal erschienen in Medizinrecht 36. Jahrgang, Heft 12, S. 950–958, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00350-018-5096-4

Facile Preparation of Carbon Nanotube-Cu2O Nanocomposites as New Catalyst Materials for Reduction of P-Nitrophenol

The effective synthesis and self-assembly of nanocomposites were of key importance for a broad range of nanomaterial applications. In this work, new carbon nanotube (CNT)-Cu2O nanocomposites were successfully synthesized via a facile approach. CNT was selected as the anchoring substrate to load Cu2O nanoparticles to prepare composite catalysts with well stability and good...

Simultaneous Generation of Multiple Three-Dimensional Tractor Curve Beams

A tractor beam, which has the ability to attract objects, is a class of special optical beams. Currently, people are using the holographic technology to shape complex optical tractor beams for both fundamental research and practical applications. However, most of the work reported is focusing on generating two-dimensional (2D) tractor beams and simple three-dimensional (3D...

Gastric Parietal Cell and Intestinal Goblet Cell Secretion: a Novel Cell-Mediated In Vivo Metal Nanoparticle Metabolic Pathway Enhanced with Diarrhea Via Chinese Herbs

Up to date, the way in which metal nanoparticles are cleared in vivo has yet to be elucidated well. Herein, we report a novel intestinal goblet cell-mediated in vivo clearance pathway to remove metal nanoparticles. Typical metal nanoparticles such as triangular silver nanoplates, magnetic nanoparticles, gold nanorods, and gold nanoclusters were selected as representative examples...

Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition of Cobalt Films Using Co(EtCp)2 as a Metal Precursor

For advanced Cu interconnect technology, Co films have been widely investigated to serve as the liner and seed layer replacement because of a better wettability to Cu than Ta. In this article, the Co films are grown by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition using Co(EtCp)2 as a precursor, and the influences of process parameters on the characteristics of the Co films are...

Counting crows: population structure and group size variation in an urban population of crows

Social complexity arises from the formation of social relationships like social bonds and dominance hierarchies. In turn, these aspects may be affected by the degree of fission–fusion dynamics, i.e., changes in group size and composition over time. Whilst fission–fusion dynamics has been studied in mammals, birds have received comparably little attention, despite some species...

Pale by comparison: competitive interactions between signaling female glow-worms

When individuals differ in their abilities to compete for a mate, weaker competitors may evolve tactics to increase their mating success. Exploiting attractiveness of others to get mates is a common tactic in many taxa, although examples of this behavior in females are scarce. In glow-worms (Lampyris noctiluca L., Coleoptera: Lampyridae), females attract males by glowing and...

Demand for Household Food Waste

We estimate the demand for food waste within the household using observational data of food stock usage and meal consumption, the net of which forms a proxy for unconsumed food. We find that food waste is a luxury good with an expenditure elasticity ranging from 1.1 to 1.4. The wasting of food is also rather responsive to price: our own-price elasticity estimates range from -1.9...

Strong Coupling between a Quasi-single Molecule and a Plasmonic Cavity in the Trapping System

We theoretically investigate the strong coupling phenomenon between a quasi-single molecule and a plasmonic cavity based on the blue-detuned trapping system. The trapping system is made up of a metallic nanohole array. A finite-difference time-domain method is employed to simulate the system, and the molecule is treated as a dipole in simulations. By calculating the...

Retailer Proximity and Nutrition Program Redemptions: Evidence From the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer For Children Program

Although nearly all Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits are redeemed, a moderate share of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) benefits go unredeemed. Some hypothesize that the redemption rate differences are due to the lower density of WIC-authorized retailers. For the 2012 Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children...

Controllable Optical Bistability and Four-Wave Mixing in a Photonic-Molecule Optomechanics

We theoretically investigate the nonlinear optical phenomena including optical bistability and four-wave mixing (FWM) process in a composite photonic-molecule cavity optomechanical system. The photonic-molecule cavity consisted of two whispering gallery mode (WGM) microcavities, where one WGM cavity is an optomechanical cavity with high-cavity dissipation κ and the other WGM...

Information Overload: How Technology Can Help Convert Raw Data into Rich Information for Transitional Justice Processes

The increasing abundance of information regarding human rights and international humanitarian law violations presents a significant challenge for transitional justice processes. This information is valuable and actors need to adopt new technology to preserve, interpret and present it for future use. We consider the Sri Lanka Conflict Mapping and Archive Project and suggest future...