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Epidemiology is ecosystem science

This paper primarily argues that Epidemiology is Ecosystem Science. It will not only explore this notion in detail but will also relate it to the argument that Classical Chinese Medicine was/is ... Chinese Medicine was/is Ecosystem Science. Ecosystem Science (as instantiated by Epidemiology) and Ecosystem Science (as instantiated by Classical Chinese Medicine) share these characteristics: (a) they do

Epidemiology of tuberculous lymphadenitis in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

strain tropism [ 29 ]. In general, pooled data on the epidemiology of TBLN in Africa were not available. Moreover, the factors behind the development of TBLN are not well understood and this might ... its epidemiology and seems to lack directional correlation with HIV. Multiple studies showed that HIV infection was significantly associated more with allopatric than sympatric host-pathogen

Molecular epidemiology and whole genome sequencing analysis of clinical Mycobacterium bovis from Ghana

], molecular epidemiology of M. bovis infections in Great Britain has shown that they exhibit polymorphic metabolic profiles, such as differential rates of incorporation of propionate into membrane lipid ... products [ 17?19 ]. Despite the economic and public health importance of bTB, little knowledge exists on the epidemiology and biology of M. bovis in relation to the human adapted MTBC (hMTBC) lineages

Epidemiology and aetiology of influenza-like illness among households in metropolitan Vientiane, Lao PDR”: A prospective, community-based cohort study

with community-acquired acute respiratory illness Laos. Establishment of a surveillance strategy in Laos to monitor trends in the epidemiology and burden of acute respiratory infections is required to ... , demographic and environmental factors that influence disease burden and transmission dynamics can vary substantially both within and between hemispheres [ 7,8 ]. Thus, characterizing local epidemiology and

High incidence and prevalence of visual problems after acute stroke: An epidemiology study with implications for service delivery

population and to explore feasibility of early timing of visual assessment. Methods and findings Multi-centre acute stroke unit, prospective, epidemiology study (1st July 2014 to 30th June 2015). Orthoptists ... Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies . BMJ . 2007 ; 335 ( 7624 ): 806 - 808 .

Epidemiology of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infection in Children and Young People With Cystic Fibrosis: Analysis of UK Cystic Fibrosis Registry

Infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is of growing clinical concern in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). The epidemiology of infection in children and young people remains poorly ... remains poorly understood. Our goal was to investigate the epidemiology of NTM infection in the pediatric age group using data from the UK CF Registry. Methods Data from 2010–2015 for individuals aged <16

Molecular epidemiology and expression of capsular polysaccharides in Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates in the United States

either CP5 or CP8 and an understanding of the relationship between CP genotype/phenotype and S. aureus epidemiology is valuable. Using whole genome sequencing, the clonal relatedness and CP genotype were ... healthcare settings, hence referred to as healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) [ 2, 4, 5 ]; however, the epidemiology of MRSA changed at the turn of the century with the emergence and spread of MRSA isolates

State of the art in osteoporosis risk assessment and treatment

literature pertaining to the epidemiology of osteoporosis, associated health burden, approaches to risk assessment and treatment.ResultsAlthough there is some evidence that fracture incidence has reached a ... fracture at the individual level has been improved by consideration of clinical risk factors in tools such as FRAX®, derived from a greater understanding of the epidemiology of osteoporosis. Such advances in

Is population structure in the genetic biobank era irrelevant, a challenge, or an opportunity?

(stroke and educational attainment) and provide a more nuanced understanding of population structure, which is set to be revisited as a critical aspect of future analyses in genetic epidemiology. We also ... Downloads Part of the following topical collections:Genetic epidemiology of complex diseases Abstract Replicable genetic association signals have consistently been found through genome-wide association

Instability in longitudinal childhood IQ scores of Guatemalan high SES individuals born between 1941-1953

Childhood IQ has been used to predict later life outcomes across disciplines in epidemiology, education, and psychology. Most often only a single childhood IQ test is available or is used for these

“Under the Skin” and into the Gut: Social Epidemiology of the Microbiome

. This review summarizes current research and describes potential mechanisms of the social epidemiology of the microbiome.Recent FindingsMost existing literature linking the social environment and the ... Open Access Social Epidemiology (A Aiello, Section Editor) First Online: 20 September 2018 16 Shares 356 Downloads Part of the following topical collections:Topical Collection on Social

Pregnancy outcomes in women with autism: a nationwide population-based cohort study

Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska University Hospital and Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Department of epidemiology and biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of ... , Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; 2Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 3Clinical Epidemiology

Streptococcus agalactiae is not always an obligate intramammary pathogen: Molecular epidemiology of GBS from milk, feces and environment in Colombian dairy herds

extramammary sources have contradicted that premise. To gain further insight into the epidemiology of S. agalactiae infection in cattle, we examined its distribution and heterogeneity of strains in bovine milk ... in Milk Quality and Veterinary Epidemiology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia, 2 Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island

Diabetic Gastroparesis: Perspectives From a Patient and Health Care Providers

include botulinum toxin injection into the pylorus, gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy and gastric electrical stimulation. This article provides a detailed review and summary of the epidemiology ... detailed review and summary of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, investigation, and management of diabetic gastroparesis, and also gives an individual patient?s perspective of living with this disabling

Long-Tailed Macaque Response to Deforestation in a Plasmodium knowlesi-Endemic Area

equilibrate after seeking and occupying a new habitat, potentially impacting human disease risks. Further research is required to explore how these changes in macaque movement affect knowlesi epidemiology on a ... movement data), as forest clearing plans are not always made known to others or done legally. These findings have important implications for understanding the epidemiology of knowlesi and other zoonotic

Sociology, biology and mechanisms in urban mental health

, imagined and confirmed through data, of the way in which urban life gets ‘under the skin’. The argument moves from the use of mechanisms in scientific explanation, to the shortcomings of epidemiology, and ... understand urban life and mental disorder? What might be the mechanisms?1 Epidemiology, and its limits Perhaps the first port of call for identifying such mechanisms should be epidemiology, the traditional

Epidemiology and screening for renal cancer

PurposeThe widespread use of abdominal imaging has affected the epidemiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Despite this, over 25% of individuals with RCC have evidence of metastases at presentation ... has the potential to downstage the disease. Methods We performed a literature review on the epidemiology of RCC and evidence base regarding screening. Furthermore, contemporary RCC epidemiology data was

Burden of fungal asthma in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

a significant problem in Africa but there remains a paucity of data on the epidemiology and associated complications. There is urgent need for national epidemiological studies to estimate the actual ... 2013 and 2018. Due to limited published data on fungal disease epidemiology in Africa, the prevalence of ABPA was mostly estimated at 2.5% in all these reviews [ 52?62 ] based on a previously described

Differential prevalence and geographic distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in acute and chronic hepatitis C patients in Vietnam

Background The highest burden of disease from hepatitis C virus (HCV) is found in Southeast Asia, but our understanding of the epidemiology of infection in many heavily burdened countries is still ... polymorphism in a cohort of acute HCV-infected patients in Southern Vietnam alongside two other cohorts of chronic HCV-infected patients to better understand the epidemiology of HCV infection locally and inform

From John Snow to omics: the long journey of environmental epidemiology

themselves are usually neither necessary nor sufficient. Epidemiology seems to have reached a limit in disentangling the role of single components in causal complexes, particularly at low doses. To overcome ... societal determinants which are suggested to be the root causes of many non-communicable diseases. Non-communicable disease conditions - Among the heroes of modern epidemiology, John Snow is probably the