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Epidemiology, genetic epidemiology and Mendelian randomisation: more need than ever to attend to detail

In the current era, with increasing availability of results from genetic association studies, finding genetic instruments for inferring causality in observational epidemiology has become apparently ... . SheehanVanessa Didelez Open Access Original Investigation First Online: 27 May 2019 14 Shares 585 Downloads Part of the following topical collections:Genetic epidemiology of complex diseases

Hangover headache: accompanying symptoms. Vågå study of headache epidemiology

As part of the Vågå study of headache epidemiology, the symptomatology of hangover headache has been studied in 1122 parishioners in the age group 18–65 years; male/female ratio 1.14. The following ... J Headache Pain Hangover headache: accompanying symptoms. V?g? study of headache epidemiology Ottar Sjaastad Leiv S. Bakketeig 0 1 2 0 O. Sjaastad Department of Neurology, St. Olavs Hospital

Global epidemiology of prediabetes - present and future perspectives

Prediabetes is defined as an intermediate state of hyperglycaemia with glucose levels above the normal state but below the diagnostic levels of diabetes. It is increasingly recognised as an important metabolic state, as individuals with prediabetes are at high risk of developing overt diabetes and its associated complications. A better understanding of prediabetes could help with...

Use cases for genetic epidemiology in malaria elimination

epidemiology will be needed to efficiently target interventions for elimination. The application of genetic epidemiological methods for the analysis of parasite genetics has, thus far, primarily been confined to ... (NMCPs), and accelerate global progress to eradication, this manuscript presents seven use cases for which genetic epidemiology approaches to parasite genetic data are informative to the decision-making of

Hangover headache: various manifestations and proposal for criteria. Vågå study of headache epidemiology

Hangover headache has been focused upon in connection with the Vågå study of headache epidemiology, with 714 cases among 1122 dalesmen (64%). Most frequently the headache was global in location. It ... , St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospitals (NTNU) , Trondheim , Norway 1 L.S. Bakketeig University of Southern Denmark, Institute of Public Health, Epidemiology , Odense , Denmark 2 O. Sjaastad

Epidemiology of Imported Malaria in Netrokona District of Bangladesh 2013-2018: Analysis of Surveillance Data

malaria cases in that area. Most of the cases of that district are imported from Meghalaya State of India. The study was conducted to understand the epidemiology of these imported malaria cases for further ... a major challenge for elimination of the disease from that area [5–7]. This challenge warrants the conducting of the study to understand the epidemiology of the imported cases for future strategy

Inflammation of the Gonad in Prepubertal Healthy Children. Epidemiology, Etiology, and Management

episode ? Eur. Urol . 38 ( 5 ), 627 - 630 . Halachmi , S. ( 2006 ) Inflammation of the gonad in prepubertal healthy children . Epidemiology, etiology, and management. TheScientificWorldJOURNAL 6 , 1081

Epidemiology is ecosystem science

This paper primarily argues that Epidemiology is Ecosystem Science. It will not only explore this notion in detail but will also relate it to the argument that Classical Chinese Medicine was/is ... Chinese Medicine was/is Ecosystem Science. Ecosystem Science (as instantiated by Epidemiology) and Ecosystem Science (as instantiated by Classical Chinese Medicine) share these characteristics: (a) they do

Epidemiology of ocular surface squamous neoplasia in veterans: a retrospective case-control study

. Ophthalmic Surg. 1990;21(1):27–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar 11. Sun EC, Fears TR, Goedert JJ. Epidemiology of squamous cell conjunctival cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1997;6(2):73–7.Google Scholar 12

The Epidemiology of Nationally Reported Pertussis in the United States, 2000–2016

epidemiology, including patient demographic characteristics, geographic distribution, and temporal trends. ... describe the epidemiology of reported pertussis in the United States. We examined the distribution of disease by patient age, race, ethnicity, and geographic region, as well as temporal trends during 2000

Cardiovascular disease in the kidney transplant recipient: epidemiology, diagnosis and management strategies

Search ADS PubMed   2 United States Renal Data System 2017 USRDS Annual Data Report: Epidemiology of kidney disease in the United States  . Bethesda, MD : National Institute of Health

Progress in Typhoid Fever Epidemiology

Typhi in diverse settings. epidemiology, death, incidence, typhoid fever, Salmonella Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhi (Salmonella Typhi) is the cause of typhoid fever. Together ... transmission of Salmonella Typhi in diverse local settings. This manuscript summarizes current knowledge, areas of progress, and future directions for work in these areas of Salmonella Typhi epidemiology. CHAIN

Epidemiology, research, and health services evaluation

standard of credibility in the results. A new trend among researchers of epidemiology applied to health services has challenged this premise and proposes that randomized studies be adapted to encompass the

Epidemiology of tuberculous lymphadenitis in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

strain tropism [ 29 ]. In general, pooled data on the epidemiology of TBLN in Africa were not available. Moreover, the factors behind the development of TBLN are not well understood and this might ... its epidemiology and seems to lack directional correlation with HIV. Multiple studies showed that HIV infection was significantly associated more with allopatric than sympatric host-pathogen

Obesity and understudied minority children: existing challenges and opportunities in epidemiology

challenges to addressing childhood obesity epidemiology in minority populations have been enumerated above, there are many opportunities for future research, specifically: Validation of measures of adiposity ... waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Authors’ Affiliations (1) Department of Epidemiology, Emory

A Structured Literature Review of the Epidemiology and Disease Burden of Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)

publications that reported on epidemiology, quality of life (QoL) and BoD outcomes in NASH adults. Searches were limited to English language studies published between January 2007 and September 2017. Additional ... healthcare burden is evident. Further evidence is needed to improve our understanding of NASH, especially as fibrosis stages advance. Funding Gilead Science Inc. KeywordsBurden of disease Epidemiology NASH

The problem with defining foreign birth as a risk factor in tuberculosis epidemiology studies

epidemiology and local TB transmission. Background Population-level TB surveillance programs and research studies in low incidence settings often report all persons born outside the country in which the study is ... refines our understanding of TB epidemiology and local TB spread. For this study, we leveraged data from two population-level datasets [15,16]?to our knowledge the largest TB epidemiologic databases in

Worldwide literature on epidemiology of human alveolar echinococcosis: a systematic review of research published in the twenty-first century

echinococcosis Echinococcus multilocularis Worldwide epidemiology Geographical distribution Prevalence Maps  Abbreviation SB Sven Baumann RS Rong Shi WL Wenya Liu HB Haihua Bao JS Julian Schmidberger WK Wolfgang ... the epidemiology of echinococcosis in domestic and wild animals. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7:e2249.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar 12. Nakao M, Xiao N, Okamoto M, Yanagida T, Sako Y, Ito A

Epidemiology of multiple sclerosis in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

of MS in Iran using meta-analysis. Method A systematic review of the present study focused on MS epidemiology in Iran based on PRISMA guidelines for systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched ... Sciences , Rasht , Iran , 3 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam , Iran , 4 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University