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Epidemiology of tuberculous lymphadenitis in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

strain tropism [ 29 ]. In general, pooled data on the epidemiology of TBLN in Africa were not available. Moreover, the factors behind the development of TBLN are not well understood and this might ... its epidemiology and seems to lack directional correlation with HIV. Multiple studies showed that HIV infection was significantly associated more with allopatric than sympatric host-pathogen

The problem with defining foreign birth as a risk factor in tuberculosis epidemiology studies

epidemiology and local TB transmission. Background Population-level TB surveillance programs and research studies in low incidence settings often report all persons born outside the country in which the study is ... refines our understanding of TB epidemiology and local TB spread. For this study, we leveraged data from two population-level datasets [15,16]?to our knowledge the largest TB epidemiologic databases in

Epidemiology of multiple sclerosis in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

of MS in Iran using meta-analysis. Method A systematic review of the present study focused on MS epidemiology in Iran based on PRISMA guidelines for systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched ... Sciences , Rasht , Iran , 3 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam , Iran , 4 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University

Universal genotyping reveals province-level differences in the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis

Objectives Compare the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) between two large Canadian provinces–Ontario and British Columbia (BC)–to identify genotypic clusters within and across both ... jurisdictions, and implementing whole genome sequencing to improve identification of TB transmission, recognize outbreaks, and monitor changing trends in TB epidemiology. Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) remains

What is epidemiology? Changing definitions of epidemiology 1978-2017

Context Epidemiology is a discipline which has evolved with the changes taking place in society and the emergence of new diseases and new discipline related to epidemiology. With these evolutions, it ... ? ID 0 3 0 Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Dijon University Hospital , Dijon , France 1 Department of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Reims University Hospital

Cohort profile: Studies of Work Environment and Disease Epidemiology-Infections (SWEDE-I), a prospective cohort on employed adults in Sweden

transmission of infections are ongoing. The SWEDE-I study should be seen as a first pioneering effort to provide new insight in the epidemiology and prevention of viral infections. Potential joint collaborations ... Quantitative Methods, University of Milano-Bicocca , Milan , Italy , 3 Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, 4 Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Epidemiology and clinical profile of individuals with cleft lip and palate utilising specialised academic treatment centres in South Africa

Objective The study was conducted to determine the epidemiology and clinical profile of individuals with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) utilizing specialized academic treatment centres in South ... University , UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA The study was conducted to determine the epidemiology and clinical profile of individuals with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) utilizing specialized academic treatment

Epidemiology of neonatal early-onset sepsis in a geographically diverse Australian health district 2006-2016

Aim To describe the epidemiology of EOS including blood culture utilisation, across a large and geographically diverse Australian health district. Background Sepsis in the first three days of life ... epidemiology of EOS including blood culture utilisation, across a large and geographically diverse Australian health district. Sepsis in the first three days of life remains a leading cause of death and

Evaluation of blood culture epidemiology and efficiency in a large European teaching hospital

admission) and the late group (> 24 hours of admission). We also investigated the effect of prehospital oral antibiotics and pre-analytical time on the first cultures in the emergency department. Epidemiology ... Sciences, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Location VU University Medical Center and Location Academic Medical Center , Amsterdam , The Netherlands , 3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics

HIV diagnoses in migrant populations in Australia—A changing epidemiology

Introduction We conducted a detailed analysis of trends in new HIV diagnoses in Australia by country of birth, to understand any changes in epidemiology, relationship to migration patterns and ... male-to-male sex in men from North Africa and the Middle East, North Asia, Southern and Central Asia and the Americas. Conclusion The epidemiology of HIV in Australia is changing, with an increase in

Changing trends in epidemiology and antifungal susceptibility patterns of six bloodstream Candida species isolates over a 12-year period in Kuwait

causing IFI is also changing, and so is the epidemiology of invasive Candida infections. Candida infections form a major component of healthcare-associated IFIs and are associated with considerable ... , Wang FD . Epidemiology and antifungal susceptibility of candidemia isolates of non-albicans Candida species from cancer patients . Emerg Microbes Infect . 2017 ; 6 ( 10 ):e87. https://doi.org/10.1038/emi

Molecular epidemiology and whole genome sequencing analysis of clinical Mycobacterium bovis from Ghana

], molecular epidemiology of M. bovis infections in Great Britain has shown that they exhibit polymorphic metabolic profiles, such as differential rates of incorporation of propionate into membrane lipid ... products [ 17?19 ]. Despite the economic and public health importance of bTB, little knowledge exists on the epidemiology and biology of M. bovis in relation to the human adapted MTBC (hMTBC) lineages

Epidemiology and aetiology of influenza-like illness among households in metropolitan Vientiane, Lao PDR”: A prospective, community-based cohort study

with community-acquired acute respiratory illness Laos. Establishment of a surveillance strategy in Laos to monitor trends in the epidemiology and burden of acute respiratory infections is required to ... , demographic and environmental factors that influence disease burden and transmission dynamics can vary substantially both within and between hemispheres [ 7,8 ]. Thus, characterizing local epidemiology and

Pathology and molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium pinnipedii tuberculosis in native New Zealand marine mammals

common New Zealand M. bovis types, there was a high degree of similarity between isolates from the majority of affected marine mammals. The ability to study epidemiology and transmission pathways of this

High incidence and prevalence of visual problems after acute stroke: An epidemiology study with implications for service delivery

population and to explore feasibility of early timing of visual assessment. Methods and findings Multi-centre acute stroke unit, prospective, epidemiology study (1st July 2014 to 30th June 2015). Orthoptists ... Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies . BMJ . 2007 ; 335 ( 7624 ): 806 - 808 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj

Epidemiology of coronary artery disease and stroke and associated risk factors in Gaza community –Palestine

25years in this area. Data on the CVD epidemiology in the Middle-East are limited. In the Coronary Artery Disease in Saudi study (CADISS), a national community-based study conducted in urban and rural area ... of type 2 diabetes among 2355 adults was 29.3% [ 35 ]. For smokers, our estimated prevalence was 23.2%. The WHO report on the global tobacco epidemiology (2011) estimated that Europe had the highest

Molecular epidemiology of Blastocystis isolated from animals in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

, seeds and fruits [55, 56, 57], increasing the chances of ingesting Blastocystis cysts. Further studies of native Brazilian fauna should increase our knowledge of Blastocystis epidemiology and host ... studies should extend our findings need and investigate a larger number of samples and animal orders, so as to better understand the ecology, epidemiology and host specificity of Blastocystis. Our findings

Epidemiology of lumbar punctures in hospitalized patients in the United States

descriptions of the epidemiology of LPs in United States (US) Emergency Departments (EDs); for example, the number of patients undergoing diagnostic LP, and their characteristics, diagnoses and outcomes. An ... novel assays. In this study, we sought to describe the epidemiology of diagnostic LPs among Emergency Department-treated patients the United States. Methods Study design We analyzed data from the