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Improving public health amidst crises: Introduction

since the last third of the nineteenth century, that turned medicine and public health into a political issue 2. The epidemiological transition, the diminishing size of the families and the increasing ... improving education and income in order to enhance nutritional standards or the introduction of general principles to rationalize healthcare and public health national schemes, such as those issued between

FRAMEWORKS FOR ETHICS IN PUBLIC HEALTH

This paper constructs a conceptual framework for the normative study of public health. It argues that to develop discussions of ethics in public health without paying attention to the broader ... the general values of society (e.g., its individualism) and the special values of public health (e.g., it population rather than individual orientation). In the United States, we have traditionally

Impact of leishmaniasis on public health

the most important reservoir hosts and sources of infection to the vectors Lutzomyia longipalpis. Leishmaniasis is difficult to control, causing epidemic outbreaks, thus being an important public health ... , thus being an important public health problem. Due to lesions caused by the mucocutaneous type and the severity of those caused by the visceral type in humans, visceral leishmaniasis is one of the main

Suggestions for how academia can improve the health of medicine

and Evidence-Based Medicine of Universidade Federal de São Paulo — Escola Paulista de Medicina (Unifesp-EPM). Director of the Brazilian Cochrane Center and Director of Associação Paulista de Medicina ... (APM). E-mail:     The Brazilian system for postgraduate degrees within the field of medicine is rapidly being transformed into a system for postgraduate degrees in healthcare that congregates all

Characterizing electronic health record usage patterns of inpatient medicine residents using event log data

EHR actions (e.g. chart review, note entry and review, results review).In examining 24-hour usage cycles from general medicine day and night team rotations, we identified a prominent trend in which ... the following public repository: https://github.com/HealthRex/ CDSS/tree/master/scripts/ ResidentRotationEHRUsage. The repository includes electronic health record (EHR) usage patterns aggregated at a

Use of medicine pricing and reimbursement policies for universal health coverage in Indonesia

Objectives This study aimed to define the problems of the current use of the e-Catalogue and the national formulary (NF)—two elements of medicine pricing and reimbursement policies in Indonesia for ... Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven , the Netherlands 1 Editor: Tomasz Bochenek, Jagiellonian University , POLAND - and use of the e-Catalogue and the NF. Semi

Canine trypanosomiasis: etiology of infection and implications for public health

etiological, epidemiological and public health aspects of canine trypanosomiasis, and the most important peculiarities of this zoonosis in dogs. ... this zoonosis, and consequently for public health. Similar to what occurs in humans, this species can develop chronic pathological alterations, including congestive cardiac insufficiency, but due to the

Validation of Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire – Short form, in Spanish, general health care services patients sample: Prediction of depression through mindfulness scale

The validation of Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)—short version was performed in a general population of a city in a region of Galicia (Spain), the sample was composed of randomly ... patients were needed to ensure the general health variable; according to Terry [ 55 ], the standard deviation is 4.98 and for self-compassion it is 3.96, so 24 and 16 patients were needed; for mindfulness

Public health aspects of snakebite care in West Africa: perspectives from Nigeria

, Kano, Nigeria ABSTRACT Snakebite envenoming is a major public health problem among rural communities of the Nigerian savanna. The saw-scaled or carpet viper (Echis ocellatus) and, to a lesser ... -and-spoke; Nigeria; Snakebite Introduction Snakebite envenoming comprises a major public health problem among communities of the savanna region of West Africa, notably in Benin, Burkina-Faso

Right to health, biopower and bioethics

situation it is important to return to the Right to Health comprehension of the International Conventions and the Alma-Ata Conference, proving the interdependence between Human Rights in general and the Right ... populations. The emergence of social medicine and the consequent concern of the State with public health have responded to that goal. Thus, the function of power is no longer to kill, but to invest in life. The

Health-related quality of life in portuguese children and adolescents

evidences to support general inferences on quality-of-life measures obtained by the Portuguese version of KIDSCREEN10 for children and adolescents, in the context of a survey research carried on in Portugal ... .     Children and adolescents have been recognized as important facets of global public health. Adopting an approach linked to the quality of life can increase the understanding and knowledge of the health of

Scorpion sting: a public health problem in El Kelaa des Sraghna (Morocco)

significantly affected by these accidents (Table 3).   CONCLUSIONS Scorpion stings are very frequent in the province of El Kelaa des Sraghna, constituting a true public health problem with a lethality rate ... the Ministry of Health, were retained for the study. 2 - Criteria of exclusion: All scorpion-stung patients, who reported to a medical structure other than that of the Ministry for Health (private

Environmental Veterinary Medicine: General Aspects

efficiently, the emotional and psychological improvement of others through the enjoyment of companion animals, and improvement of the public health by control of diseases of man which may result from contact

A salutogenic approach to oral health promotion

development of actions in the five fields of oral health promotion: creating supportive environments; promoting health through public policy; strengthening community action; developing personal skills; and ... health and health promotion. The implementation of the theory in general public health practice includes: applying its principles in healthy public policies; including the SOC in health indicator systems

Effects of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Exposure on Human Health—a Review

Recently, an increased interest in nanotechnology applications can be observed in various fields (medicine, materials science, pharmacy, environmental protection, agriculture etc.). Due to an ... colour, TiO2 NPs are commonly used as a food additive (E 171). The possible risk to health after consuming food containing nanoparticles has been poorly explored but it is supposed that the toxicity of

Ballast water: a review of the impact on the world public health

, just a few studies about the subject have been performed. An exploratory study by the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - ANVISA) found in ballast ... the country. Treatment of the human infections caused by BW exists but none is completely safe and efficient. Key Words: public health, ballast water, Vibrio cholerae.     INTRODUCTION Ships

Current challenges for confronting the public health problem of snakebite envenoming in Central America

Microbiologia , Universidad de Costa Rica , San Jose , Costa Rica ABSTRACT Snakebite envenoming is a serious public health problem in Central America, where approximately 5,500 cases occur every year ... health Review Introduction Snakebite envenoming constitutes a serious public health problem in Central America [1-5]. It has been estimated that around 5,500 snakebite cases reach health

Health-related quality of life in portuguese children and adolescents

evidences to support general inferences on quality-of-life measures obtained by the Portuguese version of KIDSCREEN10 for children and adolescents, in the context of a survey research carried on in Portugal ... .     Children and adolescents have been recognized as important facets of global public health. Adopting an approach linked to the quality of life can increase the understanding and knowledge of the health of

Tweeting about public health policy: Social media response to the UK Government’s announcement of a Parliamentary vote on draft standardised packaging regulations

Background Standardised tobacco packaging has been, and remains, a contentious policy globally, attracting corporate, public health, political, media and popular attention. In January 2015, the UK ... announcement, while those in support broadly maintained their rate of Twitter engagement. The findings offer insight into the public health community?s options for using Twitter to influence policy and