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The European Respiratory Review: continuing the success and targeting new challenges

The European Respiratory Review ( ERR ) is now over 20 years old, and during those years it has become a source of current and relevant information in our discipline. The overall number of visits to ... role in the editorial board, to be known as “section editor”. There will be several section editors, including respiratory physicians with specialties in specific areas of pulmonary medicine, such as

Interventional Pneumology in Pulmonary Bleeding; A Review: From the Bronchus to the Vessel

Interventional pneumology includes both bronchological and vascular methods of diagnosis and therapy, especially in emergency situations such as pulmonary hemorrhage. In massive pulmonary hemorrhage ... . Bronchial arteries accompany the bronchi to the level of the respiratory bronchioles, where they anastomose with pulmonary vessels. The origins of bronchial arteries show wide variation, which can, in 80% of

Bronchiolitis, respiratory syncytial virus, and recurrent wheezing: what is the relationship?

Various follow-up studies of children hospitalized with bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus have demonstrated that a significant proportion of infants (50%) have recurrent wheezing ... have an individual predisposition to bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus and recurrent wheezing. The virus could be a marker of this condition, and the individual predisposition could in

A quantitative model of relation between respiratory-related blood pressure fluctuations and the respiratory sinus arrhythmia

posture, we develop a qualitative dynamical model of the short-term cardiovascular variability at respiratory frequency (HF). It shows the respiratory-related blood pressure fluctuations in relation to the ... of the neural control (r0 = 0) but with the respiratory modulation present. As there is only one source of fluctuations in the system (the respiration) and a single buffering mechanism, there is no

Characterization of an animal model of severe sepsis associated with respiratory dysfunction

cultures. They developed a significant decrease in left ventricular work and a nonsignificant reduction in mixed venous oxygen saturation. Respiratory dysfunction was characterized by a decrease in the PaO2 ... 94%. Respiratory rate was set at the level necessary to keep PaCO2 between 35 and 45 mm Hg. Anesthesia was maintained during the surgical period with thionembutal (10 mg/kg/h) and fentanil (5 mcg/kg/h

Strategy for respiratory exercise pattern associated with upper limb movements in COPD patients

INTRODUCTION: Upper limb exercises are frequently used in respiratory physiotherapy, with UL elevation and controlled inspiratory timing. However, the use of expiration during upper limb elevation ... during the four exercises performed. Respiratory pattern assessment and analysis The respiratory pattern was assessed by respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) (LifeShirt System; Vivometrics Inc

Postoperative respiratory failure in liver transplantation: Risk factors and effect on prognosis

Background Postoperative respiratory failure (PRF, namely mechanical ventilation >48 hours) significantly affects morbidity and mortality in liver transplantation (LTx). Previous studies analyzed ... Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology , Rome , Italy 2 confidence intervals; CIT, Cold Ischemia Time; D- MELD, Donor Model for End-stage Liver Disease Postoperative respiratory

Cardio-Respiratory synchronized bSSFP MRI for high throughput in vivo lung tumour quantification

arising from the rapid but cyclic cardio-respiratory motions, and the desire to use free-breathing animals. Female A/JOlaHsd mice were either injected (i.p.) with PBS 0.1ml/10g body weight (n = 6), or 10 ... body weight (n = 12) to induce autochthonous lung tumours. Cardio-respiratory synchronised bSSFP MRI, at 200 ?m isotropic resolution was performed at 8, 13 and 18 weeks post induction. Images from the

EFFECT OF RESISTANCE TRAINING ON PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE AND FUNCTIONAL RESPIRATORY CAPACITY OF ELDERLY WOMEN

physical and functional respiratory performance.It is known that resistance training (RT) is effective at developing trophism and muscle strength; however, little is known about the influence of RT on ... respiratory variables. To compare maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP; MEP), Axillary, Xiphoid and Abdominal ranges - AxR, XiR and AbR -, Peakflow and performance in theIncremental Shuttle Walk

Effects of Brazilian scorpion venoms on the central nervous system

to the release of mediators from the autonomic nervous system. On the other hand, some evidence show the participation of the central nervous system and inflammatory response in the process. The ... participation of the central nervous system in envenoming has always been questioned. Some authors claim that the central effects would be a consequence of peripheral stimulation and would be the result, not the

Effect of respiratory motion on cardiac defect contrast in myocardial perfusion SPECT: a physical phantom study

created and imaged with a standard dual-detector SPECT/CT system using Tc-99m as the radionuclide. Projection images were generated from the list-mode data simulating respiratory motion blur of several ... quantitative comparison of different gating schemes. Med Phys. 2007;34:3067–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar 7. Cho K, Kumiata S, Okada S, Kumazaki T. Development of respiratory gated myocardial SPECT system. J Nucl

Are patients with panic disorder respiratory subtype more vulnerable to tobacco, alcohol or illicit drug use?

disorders. The respiratory subtype (RS) of PD seems to represent a more severe and distinct form of this disorder associated with higher familial history of PD and more comorbidity with other anxiety ... , alcohol or illicit drug use in PD patients, and also to ascertain if patients with the RS use these substances more than those of the non-respiratory subtype. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with

Validation of an equation for energy expenditure that does not require the respiratory quotient

metabolism (PM). EE has a substantial dependence of ~7% on the respiratory quotient (RQ, VCO2/VO2) and a lesser dependence on PM, yet many studies have instead estimated EE from VO2 only while PM has often ... system used in this study (Promethion metabolic phenotyping system) at UNLV. Dr. Lighton participated in manuscript conceptualization, study design and data collection, was involved in the initial analysis

The respiratory microbiome and susceptibility to influenza virus infection

middle-income countries. Supplementary methods of prevention should be explored to reduce the high burden of influenza. A potential target is the respiratory tract microbiome, complex microbial communities ... trials, newborns fed prebiotics and probiotics had significantly lower incidence of respiratory tract infections compared to placebo [ 9,10 ]. These studies suggest the manipulation of the microbiome

Detection of ON1 and novel genotypes of human respiratory syncytial virus and emergence of palivizumab resistance in Lebanon

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of respiratory tract infections in children and immunocompromised individuals. A multi-center surveillance of the epidemiologic and molecular ... supported by a grant from Sanofi Pasteur. The ing RSV globally. Introduction Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants, young children and immunocompromised

Magnetic resonance imaging of fibroadenoma-like lesions and correlation with Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System and Kaiser scoring system

lesions resembling fibroadenomas on ultrasound, using the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) and Kaiser scoring systems with histopathological correlation. METHOD: A quantitative ... with histology. RESULTS: Evaluation with bMRI, BI-RADS and the Kaiser scoring system showed statistically significant correlation with each other and with histopathology results for each lesion. There

An automated flexible fixture system for mass customisation

technology does not possess the flexibility required for mass customisation. It was determined, through research, that if mass customisation is to be achieved, a fixture system is required that possesses the ... fixture system is required that possesses the following attributes: it accommodates a large variety of part families and geometries; it has automated setups and setup changeovers; it has a semi-automated

Silvopasture: a sustainable livestock production system

evidence that agroforestry, when properly designed and managed, can provide the environmental accountability being demanded by the public while enhancing production. Silvopasture, an agroforestry system that ... combines trees and livestock with forage to form a carefully designed system, has gained popularity in recent years as an environmentally friendly alternative land use system that is economically viable

A Biophysical Model of the Mitochondrial Respiratory System and Oxidative Phosphorylation

A computational model for the mitochondrial respiratory chain that appropriately balances mass, charge, and free energy transduction is introduced and analyzed based on a previously published set of ... available for integration with other physiological systems models, a computational model of the biophysics of the respiratory system and oxidative phosphorylation was developed to meet the following