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Absence perception and the philosophy of zero

account of numbers as properties of collections, (2) work on the philosophy of absences, and (3) recent work in numerical cognition and ontogenetic studies. ... , both epistemologically and ontologically. One response would be to be an extreme kind of formalist or fictionalist about mathematics, and then let our philosophy of notation and proof-theory or fictions

Synthetic philosophy

(hereafter Other Minds) from a methodological perspective. I show that these both instantiate what I call ‘synthetic philosophy.’ They are both Darwinian philosophers of science who draw on each other’s work ... , anthropology, economics, political science, history, philosophy, and literary theory to explain how and why cultural features (good and bad) work the way they do…Pre-Darwinian natural history at its best was

Paleobiology and philosophy

I offer four ways of distinguishing paleobiology from neontology, and from this develop a sketch of the philosophy of paleobiology. I then situate and describe the papers in the special issue

Pub Philosophy

Journal of Bioethical Inquiry pp 1–6 | Cite as Pub Philosophy AuthorsAuthors and affiliations D. Shaw Editorial First Online: 24 January 2019 1 Shares 384 Downloads ... KeywordsPubs Philosophy Ethics Public health Risk Alcohol  Introduction Last night I had planned to go into town with my friends for a drink. Yesterday morning one of them warned that he had a cold so

Contingency in Political Philosophy

The paper examines John Horton’s realist political theory, in particular his critique of John Rawls’s “high” or “liberal moralism”, and seeks to determine the extent to which, together with Horton ... ) Introduction to the first series of Philosophy, Politics and Society, Peter Laslett delivered the funeral oration for political philosophy. 'For the moment, anyway' he declared 'political philosophy is dead

Education and Non-domination: Reflections from the Radical Tradition

the practical educational experiments associated with this tradition, I suggest that it can add a valuable dimension to recent critical work in philosophy of education that draws on the republican idea ... agree with Michael Sandel that doing philosophy means “reflecting critically on the way things are. That includes reflecting critically on social and political and economic arrangements. It always

The Political Economy of Meat

This paper discusses variegated scholarly approaches to what is here typified as a political economy of meat. Identified as a multifaceted, transdisciplinary and most dynamic field of research

A World of Possibilities: The Place of Feasibility in Political Theory

Although the discussion about feasibility in political theory is still in its infancy, some important progress has been made in the last years to advance our understanding. In this paper, we intend ... recent years we have witnessed an intensified discussion in political philosophy about the usefulness of normative political theories. Doubt has been thrown against traditional or mainstream political

Organising Concepts of ‘Women’s Empowerment’ for Measurement: A Typology

political philosophy to develop a unified typology of empowerment concepts to guide measurement and evaluation. In this typology, empowerment (1) may be a property of individuals or collectives (2) may ... . KeywordsWomen’s empowerment Critical review Low- and middle-income countries International development Feminism Political philosophy  1 Introduction Women’s empowerment is widely recognized as a global policy

Philosophy of CRISPR-Cas: Introduction to Eugene Koonin’s target paper and commentaries

Article First Online: 13 February 2019 473 Downloads We are most grateful to Eugene Koonin for having accepted to write for Biology & Philosophy a target paper on such a major topic in current ... publications in philosophy of science journals [e.g., (Koonin and Starokadomskyy 2016)] or in collaboration with philosophers (O’Malley and Koonin 2011). Furthermore, and most crucially for the present issue of

Fabricated Truths and the Pathos of Proximity: What Would be a Nietzschean Philosophy of Contemporary Technoscience?

methodological and conceptual ingredients of Nietzsche’s philosophy of science, focussing on core issues such as “genealogy”, “interpretation”, “enhancement” and “truth”. Next, I will elucidate Nietzsche’s ... . KeywordsFriedrich Nietzsche Philosophy of science Nietzsche and science Continental philosophy Nietzsche studies  1 Introduction Nietzsche’s views on science (more precisely: on natural science) attracted a

Inclusion Through Political Participation, Trust from Shared Political Engagement: Children of Migrants and School Activism in Italy

xenophobic political parties and a continuing debate around migration and inclusion in different social contexts. Data consists of young migrants’ narratives, promoted and collected in 62 focus group and 118 ... introduce ‘school activism’ as the context of participation in political movements and campaigning of young migrants. School activism is an example and the context of the development of trusting relationships

Technology and Mathematics

, and it is shown that in order to analyze them, we need to combine tools and ideas from both the philosophy of technology and the philosophy of mathematics. In conclusion, it is argued that much more of ... underlying connection which we have not grasped? The purpose of the following three sections is to further introduce these three problems and to show that concepts from the philosophy of technology and the

God and Cogito: Semen Frank on the ontological argument

development of philosophy based on religious premises, which might be called “theological philosophy”. ... conviction, also the main truth of philosophy (Frank 2000, p. 630). In a number of his works, Frank propounded a very original interpretation of the ontological argument. Contrary to what he believed, his

Democratic Education for Hope: Contesting the Neoliberal Common Sense

This paper provides a reinterpretation of Paulo Freire’s philosophy of hope and suggests that this interpretation may function as a fruitful ground for democratic education that aims to contest the ... Freirean notion of humanization, which is the ontological foundation of Freire’s political pedagogy and his philosophy of hope. For Freire, humanization is the ontological vocation of human beings as being

Experimental ordinary language philosophy: a cross-linguistic study of defeasible default inferences

This paper provides new tools for philosophical argument analysis and fresh empirical foundations for ‘critical’ ordinary language philosophy. Language comprehension routinely involves stereotypical ... perspectives for ‘evidential’ experimental philosophy. KeywordsExperimental philosophy Ordinary language philosophy Salience effects Crosscultural psycholinguistics Naturalised argument analysis Argument from

The Prevent paradox: destroying liberalism in order to protect it

questions of state institutionality, state power, and state-society relations. It argues that counter-extremism aims to avert the possibility of a political future by repressing the formation of non-liberal ... historical agency. Therefore, Prevent is a political paradox: an anti-liberal project aiming to secure and perpetuate liberalism. Introduction: From community to society (and from society to the state

Normative Transmission and Necessary Means

necessary means is not only interesting at the structural level, it is also possible to argue that it has implications for areas as diverse as philosophy of rationality, political philosophy and applied ... , and those in attendance for a presentation of a previous draft of this paper at the 2015 OZSW Conference, and at the higher seminar in practical philosophy, Lund 2016. Open Access This article is

Thoughts on a Thinker-Based Approach to Freedom Of Speech

approach does not show why political discourse, broadly construed, is protected more strongly in all jurisdictions than gossip and sexually explicit speech. Nor does it explain why the ‘mass’ speech of ... explain why the ‘mass’ speech of corporations and the mailings of political parties and charities are fully protected by provisions such as the First Amendment. My article concludes with some reflections on