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Knowledge, attitude and preventive practice towards tuberculosis among clients visiting public health facilities

. Strengthening of awareness creation and health education program towards tuberculosis is needed. ... to be a major public health problem across the world, including Ethiopia. It causes ill-health among millions of people each year and ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious

Utilization of the Brazilian public health system by privately insured individuals: a literature review

-intuitively, privately insured people in the OECD countries continue to use public health services even if their PHI already cover them 4. PHI often controls the utilization of its services through co-payments ... periodicals or as monographs (masters’ thesis or doctoral dissertations), describing original quantitative or qualitative empirical research on the utilization of public health care services by privately

Cascade of care for people living with HIV infection in Southern Brazil: results from a public health network

rates regarding the retention in care, on cART, and suppressed viral load for PLHIV attended at a Brazilian public health network. Data on PLHIV from 116 cities of Paraná, Southern Brazil, attended from ... emphasized that current efforts for treating already-infected PLHIV remain a challenge for our health public institutions and may contribute to highlight steps for improvement of the HIV cascade of care in our

Intensive tobacco cultivations, a possible public health risk?

for nutrition, neither for man and nor animals. The elevated impact of nicotine on the ecosystem has negative consequences not only for the economy but it is also a potential public health threat. ...  Sustainability  Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues Introduction The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world is facing, killing more than seven million people a year. More

Diet quality and depression risk in a Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center (JPHC)-based Prospective Study

health screening (2014–2015). Diet quality was scored based on adherence to the Japanese food guide and the ratio of white to red meat according to the Alternative Healthy Index and ranged from 0 (worst ... risk of depression. Materials and Methods study population. This study was conducted in one region of the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study (JPHC study), which was started in 199018. A


This paper constructs a conceptual framework for the normative study of public health. It argues that to develop discussions of ethics in public health without paying attention to the broader ... formations are discussed. Illustrations to particular public health programs and issues are given. The paper also distinguishes four different types of applied ethical discourse in public health-professional

Impact of leishmaniasis on public health

the most important reservoir hosts and sources of infection to the vectors Lutzomyia longipalpis. Leishmaniasis is difficult to control, causing epidemic outbreaks, thus being an important public health ... , thus being an important public health problem. Due to lesions caused by the mucocutaneous type and the severity of those caused by the visceral type in humans, visceral leishmaniasis is one of the main

Improving public health amidst crises: Introduction

organization in Russia and/or Poland and a further one on the activities of the main institutional international actor in public health of the time, the League of Nations Health Organisation. All these papers ... have in common an enquiry into the impact in society of the social and scientific developments that earmarked the broad domain of health and how challenges and public health risks, old and new, were

The Trade-Off Between Chicken Welfare and Public Health Risks in Poultry Husbandry: Significance of Moral Convictions

Welfare-friendly outdoor poultry husbandry systems are associated with potentially higher public health risks for certain hazards, which results in a dilemma: whether to choose a system that improves ... , citizens (n = 2259) and poultry farmers (n = 100) judged three practical cases, which illustrate the dilemma of improving chicken welfare or reducing public health risks for Campylobacter, avian influenza

Attitudes and practices of community pharmacists and barriers to their participation in public health activities in Yemen: mind the gap

outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the attitudes and practices of community pharmacists regarding their participation in public health activities and barriers to their participation in these activities ... years of work experience between 2 and 9.9 years (n = 158, 79%). On average, 62.3% of the pharmacists had a positive attitude toward participation in public health activities. Providing education to stop

Magnitude of delayed turnaround time of laboratory results in Amhara Public Health Institute, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

laboratories of the Amhara Public Health Institute, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. A retrospective cross sectional study was carried out from 01 January to 31 September 2018. Each patient sample was considered as a study

Assessing core, e-learning, clinical and technology readiness to integrate telemedicine at public health facilities in Uganda: a health facility – based survey

telemedicine implementation the eHealth readiness of different stakeholders should be undertaken. This study was conducted at public health facilities (HFs) in Uganda to assess eHealth readiness across four ... (nurses/midwives, public health officers and allied healthcare workers). Respondents were categorised into ‘aware and used telemedicine’, ‘aware and not used’, ‘unaware of telemedicine’. Focus Group

We need to monitor mortality to improve public health programs: here’s why and how to do it

Africa, civil registration vital statistics (CRVS), data revolution, HIV, mortality, public health The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in sub-Saharan African has been transformed by ... assumptions and correction factors.2 While modeled estimates of mortality may be accurate enough for tracking broad trends at the national or global level, they offer limited utility for public health

Public Health Spending and Health Outcomes in Kenya

Health is important for sustainable economic performance of a country. This study seeks to investigate the effectiveness of public health spending on health outcomes. This is obtained by estimating a ... public expenditure on average influence health outcomes in Kenya. These results therefore provide evidence to support that increase in public expenditure improves health outcomes. The other factor that is

Canine trypanosomiasis: etiology of infection and implications for public health

etiological, epidemiological and public health aspects of canine trypanosomiasis, and the most important peculiarities of this zoonosis in dogs. ... this zoonosis, and consequently for public health. Similar to what occurs in humans, this species can develop chronic pathological alterations, including congestive cardiac insufficiency, but due to the

Providers’ knowledge on postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUCD) service provision in Amhara region public health facility, Ethiopia

postpartum IUCD was low in the Amhara region public health facility. The lowest knowledge score was noted among nurses, health Officers, midwives, and general practice professionals. Factors associated with ... Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine and Health Science University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia, 2 Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, College of medicine and

A Global Health Engagement Success: Applying Evidence-Based Concepts to Create a Rapid Response Team in Angola to Combat Ebola and Other Public Health Emergencies of International Concern

Assistance Program (MILPHAP), which provided training to Vietnamese medical personnel and permanent support for local public health programs. This expanded to include the Medical Civic Action Program (MEDCAP ... an impact measure is a valuable tool often overlooked or neglected in GHE.3 These data are published in the Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness journal.4 Collecting, analyzing, and

Level of knowledge among health care providers on preparation of injectable artesunate for treatment of severe malaria in public health facilities in Tanzania

evidence on knowledge of its preparation among HCP in public health facilities is scarce. The study determined level of knowledge of health care providers (HCP) in public health facilities on the preparation ... public health facilities is lacking. Therefore this study aimed at assessing the level of knowledge of HCP on the preparation of injectable artesunate for the treatment of severe malaria in public health

Effect of Fed State on Self-selected Intensity and Affective Responses to Exercise Following Public Health Recommendations

was completed following physical activity guidelines for public health. In a repeated-measures crossover design, 25 recreationally active men and women (age and BMI = 22.0 ± 2.0 yr and 24.3 ± 3.3 kg/m2 ... . International Journal of Exercise Science 610 15. Ekkekakis P, Vazou S, Bixby WR, Georgiadis E. The mysterious case of the public health guideline that is (almost) entirely ignored