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Scoping implementation science for the beginner: locating yourself on the “subway line” of translational research

Beginners to the discipline of implementation science often struggle to determine whether their research questions “count” as implementation science. In this paper, three implementation scientists ... questions “count” as implementation science. Main text In this paper, three implementation scientists share a heuristic tool to help investigators determine where their research questions fall in the

Science and fiction in critical care: established concepts with or without evidence?

delirium. Modern concepts based on adequate analgesia and moderate to no sedation appear to be more suitable. In conclusion, dogmas are still common in clinical practice. Since science rather than fiction ... implies that we should be (self-)critical and open minded to ensure that science, rather than fiction, governs our actions in critical care. Abbreviations AKI:  Acute kidney injury CK :  Creatine

Perspectives in European cooperation in biological oceanography

installations for international projects. The further integration of European marine science will presumably lead to the establishment of technology centres, and possibly to European research vessels. The new ... : Why cooperation in biological o c e a n o g r a p h y ? The q u i c k a n s w e r is: It is "in" and it pays. International cooperation in science recently b e c a m e a buzz-word - almost like global

Generation of an MC3R knock-out pig by CRSPR/Cas9 combined with somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technology

transfer (SCNT) technology. Four CRSPR/Cas9 target vectors were constructed and then their cleavage efficiency was tested in porcine fetal fibroblasts (PFFs). The pX330-sgRNA1 and pX330-sgRNA4 vectors were ... University of Science and Technology, Qinhuangdao, 066004, China References Cone RD. Studies on the physiological functions of the melanocortin system. Endocr Rev. 2006;27(7):736–49.View ArticleGoogle

The effect of virtual reality technology on preoperative anxiety in children: a Solomon four-group randomized clinical trial

reality technology on pre-operative anxiety in children. The study utilized Solomon four-group design intervention and a randomized clinical trial. A total of 40 candidates undergoing abdominal surgery were ... questionnaire. The interventional group had a 5-min exposure to the operating room using virtual reality technology, but the control group did not receive virtual reality exposure. The data were analyzed using

Proceedings of the 2017 Advancing the Science of Community Engaged Research (CEnR) Conference

Science of Community Engaged Research (CEnR): Innovative & Effective Methods of Stakeholder Engagement in Translational Research, Washington, DC September 14-15, 2017 (See Additional file 1). These meetings ... , safety, sidewalks - are factors that scientists have begun to incorporate into public health science and behavioral science. Mobile technology was referenced as a factor in the cultural environment. Pérez

Implementation science in resource-poor countries and communities

Implementation science in resource-poor countries and communities is arguably more important than implementation science in resource-rich settings, because resource poverty requires novel solutions ... ©  The Author(s). 2018 Received: 4 December 2018Accepted: 5 December 2018Published: 27 December 2018 Abstract Background Implementation science in

Relative progress and academic performance of graduate vs undergraduate entrants to an Australian medical school

differences in the final 2 years. GE from biological science / science backgrounds (N = 241) or physical science backgrounds (N = 26) performed the same as SLE and NSE throughout the programme. GE with a health ... ; Humanities – arts, commerce, business, law, social science; and the Physical sciences – physics, mathematics, chemistry, engineering, information and communication technology. Psychology was classified with

Assessing core, e-learning, clinical and technology readiness to integrate telemedicine at public health facilities in Uganda: a health facility – based survey

domains; core, e-learning, clinical and technology, that might hamper adoption and integration of telemedicine. A cross-sectional study using mixed methods for data collection was conducted at health center ... Discussions were conducted with patients to further assess core readiness. Technology readiness was assessed using a questionnaire with purposively selected respondents; directors, heads of medical sections

Applications of mesenchymal stem cell technology in bovine species

potential, these losses pose significant costs to the owner, who is therefore willing to employ expensive and effective treatments [8]. In this review, we discuss the importance of stem cell technology in ... insights into traditional clinical therapy and benefiting human and animal health. Conclusion The fact that stem cell technology has developed significantly in non-bovine species creates both interest and

Analysis of the advantages of 3D printing in the surgical treatment of multiple rib fractures: 5 cases report

open reduction and internal fixation using 3D printing technology. Retrospective analysis of 5 clinical cases of multiple rib fractures from January 2017 to August 2018 in our hospital. A preoperative CT ... reconstruct the 3D model according to the scanning results, and 3D printing technology was adopted to prepare the rib model. Preoperative reconstruction of the rib’s normal shape and lock plate for the shaped

Context matters in implementation science: a scoping review of determinant frameworks that describe contextual determinants for implementation outcomes

The relevance of context in implementation science is reflected in the numerous theories, frameworks, models and taxonomies that have been proposed to analyse determinants of implementation (in this ... and map how determinant frameworks used in implementation science were developed, what terms are used for contextual determinants for implementation, how the context is conceptualized, and which context

Factors influencing behavioural intention to use a smart shoe insole in regionally based adults with diabetes: a mixed methods study

Smart insole technologies that provide biofeedback on foot health can support foot-care in adults with diabetes. However, the factors that influence patient uptake and acceptance of this technology ... Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Questionnaire. (ZIP 45 kb) Authors’ Affiliations (1) La Trobe Rural Health School, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University

Is C. elegans a suitable model for nutritional science?

The suitability of C. elegans as a model for the question of nutritional science is a controversial topic. The discussion makes clear that C. elegans is its own best model for revealing, via genetic ... phenotypes. Experience tells us that the analysis of drastic nutritional phenotypes in C. elegans has the potential to enrich the canon of knowledge of nutritional science. KeywordsC. elegans Model

A systematic review of multi-level stigma interventions: state of the science and future directions

] Increasing use of mental health services in remote areas using mobile technology: A pre- post evaluation of the SMART Mental Health project in rural India India MI 238 community, 23 HCW Education, drama ... fully engage with several key areas in intervention science, such as implementation science. Research questions  How do changes at one level of stigma (e.g., intrapersonal) impact other levels of stigma

Editorial Promoting Help-seeking using E-Technology for ADolescents: The ProHEAD consortium

using E-technology for Adolescents”) consortium focuses on three main objectives, i.e.: (1) improving young people’s help-seeking behaviors; (2) improving the selective prevention of common disorders in ... common disorders in those who are at risk; and (3) strengthening resources to counteract the development of mental illness. Capitalizing on Internet and mobile technology, ProHEAD delivers low threshold

Discovering thematic change and evolution of utilizing social media for healthcare research

bibliometric analysis to discover the thematic change and evolution of utilizing social media for healthcare research field. With the basis of 4361 publications from both Web of Science and PubMed during the ... Acknowledgements Not applicable. Funding Publication of the article is supported by grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61772146 & No. 61871141), and Guangzhou Science Technology and

Genomics and biochemistry investigation on the metabolic pathway of milled wood and alkali lignin-derived aromatic metabolites of Comamonas serinivorans SP-35

degradation of lignin and the catabolic pathway of intermediate aromatic metabolites. To address these subjects, we characterized the deconstruction and mineralization of lignin with milled wood lignin (MWL ... National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31772529); the Grant Key Project of Science and Technology Program of Jiangsu Province (BE2016353), China; and U.S. Department of Energy DOE EERE

Cheap and rapid in-house method for direct identification of positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOF MS technology

desorption ionization–time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)-based technology has become useful for highly specific and sensitive identification of bacteria and yeasts from clinical samples including

Prevalence and determinants of stillbirth among women attended deliveries in Aksum General Hospital: a facility based cross-sectional study

Science version 21 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis were conducted to identify significant predictors and strength of association was measured based on adjusted odds ... recall bias. Then the currently reported prevalence may under estimate the real prevalence in the ground. Abbreviations AOR:  adjusted odds ratio BSc:  Bachelor of Science COR:  crude odds ratio