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Malformed vertebrae: a clinical and imaging review

A variety of structural developmental anomalies affect the vertebral column. Malformed vertebrae can arise secondary to errors of vertebral formation, fusion and/or segmentation and developmental variation. Malformations can be simple with little or no clinical consequence, or complex with serious structural and neurologic implications. These anomalies can occasionally mimic...

Mechanical birth-related trauma to the neonate: An imaging perspective

Mechanical birth-related injuries to the neonate are declining in incidence with advances in prenatal diagnosis and care. These injuries, however, continue to represent an important source of morbidity and mortality in the affected patient population. In the United States, these injuries are estimated to occur among 2.6% of births. Although more usual in context of existing feto...

Beyond bronchitis: a review of the congenital and acquired abnormalities of the bronchus

Anomalies of the bronchus can be both congenital and acquired. Several different congenital aberrations of the bronchial anatomy are commonly encountered including tracheal bronchus, accessory cardiac bronchus, and bronchial agenesis/aplasia/hypoplasia. In addition, Williams-Campbell syndrome and cystic fibrosis are two other congenital conditions that result in bronchial...

Lyme Disease Presenting with Multiple Cranial Nerve Deficits: Report of a Case

Street, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA Received 23 May 2016; Revised 30 July 2016; Accepted 1 August 2016 Academic Editor: Oludayo A. Sowande Copyright © 2016 Abhishek Chaturvedi et al. This is an open

Contrast opacification on thoracic CT angiography: challenges and solutions

, P.O. Box no. 648, Rochester, NY 14642 , USA 2 Abhishek Chaturvedi Contrast flow and enhancement patterns seen on thoracic CT angiography (CTA) can often be challenging and may often reveal more than is

Demystifying the persistent pneumothorax: role of imaging

Evaluation for pneumothorax is an important indication for obtaining chest radiographs in patients who have had trauma, recent cardiothoracic surgery or are on ventilator support. By definition, a persistent pneumothorax constitutes ongoing bubbling of air from an in situ chest drain, 48 h after its insertion. Persistent pneumothorax remains a diagnostic dilemma and...

Lesions involving the outer surface of the bone in children: a pictorial review

Background Lesions involving the outer cortical surface of the bone occur quite often among children. Broadly, these include benign cortical, juxtacortical and periarticular lesions, dysplasias affecting the cortical bone, regional and diffuse periosteal pathology and malignant tumours. Some of these lesions are unique to the paediatric population; others are more frequently seen...

Imaging adults on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly being used in adults following failure to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass, after cardiac surgery or in cases of severe respiratory failure. Knowledge of the different types of ECMO circuits, expected locations of cannulas and imaging appearance of complications is essential for accurate imaging interpretation and...

MRI evaluation prior to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): When to acquire and how to interpret

Medical Center , Rochester, NY , USA 2 Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center , 601 Elmwood Ave, P.O. Box no. 648, Rochester, NY 14642 , USA 3 Abhishek Chaturvedi

Multidimensional evaluation of tracheobronchial disease in adults

The large airways can be affected by a wide spectrum of acquired benign and malignant diseases. These lesions may present as focal or diffuse processes and with narrowing or widening of the airway. Some of these may be asymptomatic for quite some time and may be incidentally detected on imaging, while others may be symptomatic, causing airway compromise. There may be a...

Looking beyond the thrombus: essentials of pulmonary artery imaging on CT

Mohammed M. Khadir Apeksha Chaturvedi Mike S. Nguyen John C. Wandtke Susan Hobbs Abhishek Chaturvedi Background Pulmonary arteries are not just affected by thrombus. Congenital and acquired