31 papers found.

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Abstract The study of Coulomb branches of 3-dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) gauge theories via the associated Hilbert series, the so-called monopole formula, has been proven useful not only for 3-dimensional theories, but also for Higgs branches of 5 and 6-dimensional gauge theories with 8 supercharges. Recently, a conjecture connected different phases of 6-dimensional Higgs...

Abstract Moduli spaces of a large set of 3d \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) effective gauge theories are known to be closures of nilpotent orbits. This set of theories has recently acquired a special status, due to Namikawa’s theorem. As a consequence of this theorem, closures of nilpotent orbits are the simplest non-trivial moduli spaces that can be found in three dimensional theories with...

We treat the topic of the closures of the nilpotent orbits of the Lie algebras of Exceptional groups through their descriptions as moduli spaces, in terms of Hilbert series and the highest weight generating functions for their representation content. We extend the set of known Coulomb branch quiver theory constructions for Exceptional group minimal nilpotent orbits, or reduced...

Coulomb branches of a set of 3d \( \mathcal{N} \) = 4 supersymmetric gauge theories are closures of nilpotent orbits of the algebra \( \mathfrak{so}(n) \). From the point of view of string theory, these quantum field theories can be understood as effective gauge theories describing the low energy dynamics of a brane configuration with the presence of orientifold planes [1]. The...

We study three-dimensional supersymmetric quiver gauge theories with a nonsimply laced global symmetry primarily focusing on framed affine B N quiver theories. Using a supersymmetric partition function on a three sphere, and its transformation under S-duality, we study the three-dimensional ADHM quiver for SO(2N + 1) instantons with a half-integer Chern-Simons coupling. The...

The monopole formula provides the Hilbert series of the Coulomb branch for a 3-dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) gauge theory. Employing the concept of a fan defined by the matter content, and summing over the corresponding collection of monoids, allows the following: firstly, we provide explicit expressions for the Hilbert series for any gauge group. Secondly, we prove that the...

The Coulomb and Higgs branches of certain 3d \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) gauge theories can be understood as closures of nilpotent orbits. Recently, a new theorem by Namikawa suggests that this is the simplest possible case, thus giving this class a special role. In this note we use branes to reproduce the mathematical work by Kraft and Procesi. It studies the classification of all...

The richness of 5d \( \mathcal{N}=1 \) theories with a UV fixed point at infinite coupling is due to the existence of local disorder operators known as instanton operators. By considering the Higgs branch of SU(2) gauge theories with N f ≤ 7 flavours at finite and infinite coupling, we write down the explicit chiral ring relations between instanton operators, the glueball...

The Coulomb branch of 3-dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) gauge theories is the space of bare and dressed BPS monopole operators. We utilise the conformal dimension to define a fan which, upon intersection with the weight lattice of a GNO-dual group, gives rise to a collection of semi-groups. It turns out that the unique Hilbert bases of these semi-groups are a sufficient, finite...

Compactifying \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,0\right) \) theories on a torus, with additional fluxes for global symmetries, we obtain \( \mathcal{N}=1 \) supersymmetric theories in four dimensions. It is shown that for many choices of flux these models are toric quiver gauge theories with singlet fields. In particular we compare the anomalies deduced from the description of the six...

We approach the topic of Classical group nilpotent orbits from the perspective of the moduli spaces of quivers, described in terms of Hilbert series and generating functions. We review the established Higgs and Coulomb branch quiver theory constructions for A series nilpotent orbits. We present systematic constructions for BCD series nilpotent orbits on the Higgs branches of...

We develop an efficient procedure for counting holomorphic functions on a hyperKahler cone that has a resolution as a cotangent bundle of a homogeneous space by providing a formula for computing the corresponding Highest Weight Generating function.

Many methods exist for the construction of the Hilbert series describing the moduli spaces of instantons. We explore some of the underlying group theoretic relationships between these various constructions, including those based on the Coulomb branches and Higgs branches of SUSY quiver gauge theories, as well as those based on generating functions derivable from the Weyl...

We study a class of four-dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=1 \) superconformal field theories obtained from the six-dimensional (1, 0) theory, on M5-branes on \( {\mathrm{\mathbb{C}}}^2/{\mathrm{\mathbb{Z}}}_k \) orbifold singularity, compactified on a Riemann surface. This produces various quiver gauge theories whose matter contents are chiral. We classify the building blocks...

The algebraic structure of moduli spaces of 3d \( \mathcal{N}=2 \) supersymmetric gauge theories is studied by computing the Hilbert series which is a generating function that counts gauge invariant operators in the chiral ring. These U(N c ) theories with N f flavors have Aharony duals and their moduli spaces receive contributions from both mesonic and monopole operators. In...

We study the moduli spaces of k U(N ) vortices which are realized by the Higgs branch of a U(k) supersymmetric gauge theory. The theory has 4 supercharges and lives on k D1-branes in a N D3- and NS5-brane background. We realize the vortex moduli space as a \( {\mathbb{C}}^{*} \) projection of the vortex master space. The Hilbert series is calculated in order to characterize the...

Abstract We develop a new method for representing Hilbert series based on the highest weight Dynkin labels of their underlying symmetry groups. The method draws on plethystic functions and character generating functions along with Weyl integration. We give explicit examples showing how the use of such highest weight generating functions (“HWGs”) permits an efficient encoding and...

We give an explicit formula for the Higgs and Coulomb branch Hilbert series for the class of 3d \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) superconformal gauge theories T ρ σ (G) corresponding to a set of D3 branes ending on NS5 and D5-branes, with or without O3 planes. Here G is a classical group, σ is a partition of G and ρ a partition of the dual group G ∨. In deriving such a formula we make use of...