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8 papers found.
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Prognostic Significance of Mammographic Density Change After Initiation of Tamoxifen for ER-Positive Breast Cancer

Background: A prior analysis of postmenopausal breast cancer patients linked a decline in mammographic density (MD) following the initiation of tamoxifen treatment with improved survival, but excluded premenopausal women, for whom tamoxifen is the primary anti-endocrine therapy. Therefore, we evaluated change in MD after tamoxifen and breast cancer death among patients age 32 to...

Body Mass Index and Mortality in Non-Hispanic Black Adults in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study

Background Although the prevalence of obesity (body mass index, kg/m2, BMI ≥30) is higher in non-Hispanic blacks than in non-Hispanic whites, the relation of BMI to total mortality in non-Hispanic blacks is not well defined. Purpose We investigated the association between BMI and total mortality in 16,471 non-Hispanic blacks in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, a prospective...

Estimated Risk of Radiation-Induced Breast Cancer From Mammographic Screening for Young BRCA Mutation Carriers

0 Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Christine D. Berg, Kala Visvanathan, Mark Robson BRCA mutation carriers are recommended to start mammographic screening for breast cancer as early as age 25-30 years

A Prospective Study of Medical Diagnostic Radiography and Risk of Thyroid Cancer

Berrington de Gonzalez, Michele M. Doody, Steven L. Simon, Dunstana Melo, D. Michal Freedman, Martha S. Linet, Alice J. Sigurdson); HiroSoft International Corporation, Seattle, Washington (Dale Preston ... , Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland (Gila Neta, Preetha Rajaraman, Amy

Leisure Time Physical Activity of Moderate to Vigorous Intensity and Mortality: A Large Pooled Cohort Analysis

Analyzing data from over 650,000 individuals, Dr. Steven Moore and colleagues report that greater amounts of leisure-time physical activity were associated with higher life expectancy across a wide range of activity levels and body mass index groups.

A Pooled Analysis of Body Mass Index and Mortality among African Americans

Pooled analyses among whites and East Asians have demonstrated positive associations between all-cause mortality and body mass index (BMI), but studies of African Americans have yielded less consistent results. We examined the association between BMI and all-cause mortality in a sample of African Americans pooled from seven prospective cohort studies: NIH-AARP, 1995–2009...

Comparison of Documented and Recalled Histories of Exposure to Diagnostic X-rays in Case-Control Studies of Thyroid Cancer

Most information concerning possible cancer risks attributable to lifetime exposure to diagnostic x-rays comes from studies in which x-ray history was ascertained by interview or questionnaire, but little is known about the accuracy of such information. The authors assessed agreement between medical x-ray histories obtained through interview and by review of medical records from...

Association between Class III Obesity (BMI of 40–59 kg/m2) and Mortality: A Pooled Analysis of 20 Prospective Studies

In a pooled analysis of 20 prospective studies, Cari Kitahara and colleagues find that class III obesity (BMI of 40–59) is associated with excess rates of total mortality, particularly due to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary