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Comparing Indices of Diet Quality With Chronic Disease Mortality Risk in Postmenopausal Women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study: Evidence to Inform National Dietary Guidance

to Inform National Dietary Guidance Stephanie M. George ) Rachel Ballard-Barbash JoAnn E. Manson Jill Reedy James M. Shikany Amy F. Subar Lesley F. Tinker Mara Vitolins Marian L. Neuhouser Initially ... Ballard-Barbash, Jill Reedy, Amy F. Subar); Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School (JoAnn E. Manson); Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of

Pooled Results From 5 Validation Studies of Dietary Self-Report Instruments Using Recovery Biomarkers for Potassium and Sodium Intake

We pooled data from 5 large validation studies (1999–2009) of dietary self-report instruments that used recovery biomarkers as referents, to assess food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-hour recalls (24HRs). Here we report on total potassium and sodium intakes, their densities, and their ratio. Results were similar by sex but were heterogeneous across studies. For potassium...

Index-based Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Prostate Cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study

Claire Bosire ) Meir J. Stampfer Amy F. Subar Yikyung Park Sharon I. Kirkpatrick Stephanie E. Chiuve Albert R. Hollenbeck Jill Reedy American Journal of Epidemiology The Author 2013. Published by ... , Massachusetts (Meir J. Stampfer); Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Amy F. Subar, Sharon I. Kirkpatrick

Taking Advantage of the Strengths of 2 Different Dietary Assessment Instruments to Improve Intake Estimates for Nutritional Epidemiology

Midthune, Marina Shumakovich, Victor Kipnis); Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Amy F. Subar); and Nutritional

Pooled Results From 5 Validation Studies of Dietary Self-Report Instruments Using Recovery Biomarkers for Energy and Protein Intake

We pooled data from 5 large validation studies of dietary self-report instruments that used recovery biomarkers as references to clarify the measurement properties of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-hour recalls. The studies were conducted in widely differing US adult populations from 1999 to 2009. We report on total energy, protein, and protein density intakes...

Effect of smoking status on total energy expenditure

Individuals who smoke generally have a lower body mass index (BMI) than nonsmokers. The relative roles of energy expenditure and energy intake in maintaining the lower BMI, however, remain controversial. We tested the hypothesis that current smokers have higher total energy expenditure than never smokers in 308 adults aged 40-69 years old of which 47 were current smokers. Energy...

Dietary Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Risk of Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study

and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Amy F. Subar). This research was supported (in part) by the Intramural Research Program of the National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire: Validation of Pyramid Food Servings

The performance of the National Cancer Institute's food frequency questionnaire, the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), in estimating servings of 30 US Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid food groups was evaluated in the Eating at America's Table Study (1997–1998), a nationally representative sample of men and women aged 20–79 years. Participants who completed four...

Intakes of Fruit, Vegetables, and Specific Botanical Groups in Relation to Lung Cancer Risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study

. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Amy F. Subar); Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Neal D

Comparing 3 Dietary Pattern Methods—Cluster Analysis, Factor Analysis, and Index Analysis—With Colorectal Cancer Risk: The NIH–AARP Diet and Health Study

: National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Jill Reedy, Susan M. Krebs-Smith, Victor Kipnis, Douglas Midthune, Arthur Schatzkin, Amy F. Subar); University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany (Michael

Fruit and Vegetable Intakes and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the NIH–AARP Diet and Health Study

The authors examined the associations between fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH–AARP Diet and Health Study. Diet was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. During 5-year follow-up of 488,043 men and women aged 50–71 years, 2...

Alcohol, Smoking, and Body Size in Relation to Incident Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Risk

Studies associate alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and body size with the risk of overall or subtype lymphoma. Current data come mostly from case-control studies or prospective studies with few cases. In the prospective National Institutes of Health-former American Association of Retired Persons (NIH-AARP) Diet and Health Study, the authors assessed the above lifestyle...

Alcohol Consumption and Lung Cancer Risk in the Environment and Genetics in Lung Cancer Etiology (EAGLE) Study

, Margaret A. Tucker, Neil E. Caporaso, Maria Teresa Landi); Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland (Amy F ... . Subar); and Center for Health Sciences, SRI International, Menlo Park, California (Andrew W. Bergen). Drs. Vincenzo Bagnardi and Giorgia Randi contributed equally to this work. Support for this study

Dietary Fat and Postmenopausal Invasive Breast Cancer in the National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study Cohort

Background Although ecologic association and animal studies support a direct effect of dietary fat on the development of breast cancer, results of epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive.

Dietary quercetin, quercetin-gene interaction, metabolic gene expression in lung tissue and lung cancer risk

Epidemiological and mechanistic evidence on the association of quercetin-rich food intake with lung cancer risk and carcinogenesis are inconclusive. We investigated the role of dietary quercetin and the interaction between quercetin and P450 and glutathione S-transferase (GST) polymorphisms on lung cancer risk in 1822 incident lung cancer cases and 1991 frequency-matched controls...

Prospective Study of Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Prostate Cancer

Background Several epidemiologic studies have reported associations between fruit and vegetable intake and reduced risk of prostate cancer, but the findings are inconsistent and data on clinically relevant advanced prostate cancer are limited.

Comparative Validation of the Block, Willett, and National Cancer Institute Food Frequency Questionnaires: The Eating at America's Table Study

Westat , Rockville, MD. Reprint requests to Dr. Amy F. Subar, 6130 Executive Boulevard, MSC 7344, EPN 4005, Rockville, MD 20852 ( 1 Biometry Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer