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Multispectral imaging and unmanned aerial systems for cotton plant phenotyping

collection. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Rui Xu, Changying Li, Andrew H. Paterson. Data curation: Rui Xu, Changying Li. Formal analysis: Rui Xu. Funding acquisition: Changying Li, Andrew H ... . Paterson. Investigation: Rui Xu, Changying Li. Methodology: Rui Xu, Changying Li. Project administration: Changying Li, Andrew H. Paterson. Resources: Changying Li, Andrew H. Paterson. 18 / 20 Software

Large-Scale Gene Relocations following an Ancient Genome Triplication Associated with the Diversification of Core Eudicots

Different modes of gene duplication including whole-genome duplication (WGD), and tandem, proximal and dispersed duplications are widespread in angiosperm genomes. Small-scale, stochastic gene relocations and transposed gene duplications are widely accepted to be the primary mechanisms for the creation of dispersed duplicates. However, here we show that most surviving ancient...

Estimating genetic diversity among selected cotton genotypes and the identificationof DNA markers associated with resistance to cotton leaf curl disease

To the extent of our knowledge, applications of DNA markers in marker-assisted breeding of cotton are handicapped due to low genetic diversity in cotton germplasm. Cotton leaf curl disease, a disease of viral origin, has substantially depressed cotton production in Pakistan, and this disease is also an emerging threat to the neighboring cotton-growing countries like China and...

The Evolution of Photoperiod-Insensitive Flowering in Sorghum, A Genomic Model for Panicoid Grasses

Of central importance in adapting plants of tropical origin to temperate cultivation has been selection of daylength-neutral genotypes that flower early in the temperate summer and take full advantage of its long days. A cross between tropical and temperate sorghums [Sorghum propinquum (Kunth) Hitchc.×S. bicolor (L.) Moench], revealed a quantitative trait locus (QTL), FlrAvgD1...

Different patterns of gene structure divergence following gene duplication in Arabidopsis

Background Divergence in gene structure following gene duplication is not well understood. Gene duplication can occur via whole-genome duplication (WGD) and single-gene duplications including tandem, proximal and transposed duplications. Different modes of gene duplication may be associated with different types, levels, and patterns of structural divergence. Results In...

MCScanX-transposed: detecting transposed gene duplications based on multiple colinearity scans

Summary: Gene duplication occurs via different modes such as segmental and single-gene duplications. Transposed gene duplication, a specific form of single-gene duplication, ‘copies’ a gene from an ancestral chromosomal location to a novel location. MCScanX is a toolkit for detection and evolutionary analysis of gene colinearity. We have developed MCScanX-transposed, a software...

SNPhylo: a pipeline to construct a phylogenetic tree from huge SNP data

Background Phylogenetic trees are widely used for genetic and evolutionary studies in various organisms. Advanced sequencing technology has dramatically enriched data available for constructing phylogenetic trees based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, massive SNP data makes it difficult to perform reliable analysis, and there has been no ready-to-use pipeline...

Biofuel and energy crops: high-yield Saccharinae take center stage in the post-genomics era

The Saccharinae, especially sugarcane, Miscanthus and sorghum, present remarkable characteristics for bioenergy production. Biotechnology of these plants will be important for a sustainable feedstock supply. Herein, we review knowledge useful for their improvement and synergies gained by their parallel study.

PGDD: a database of gene and genome duplication in plants

Genome duplication (GD) has permanently shaped the architecture and function of many higher eukaryotic genomes. The angiosperms (flowering plants) are outstanding models in which to elucidate consequences of GD for higher eukaryotes, owing to their propensity for chromosomal duplication or even triplication in a few cases. Duplicated genome structures often require both intra...

Genetic analysis of inflorescence and plant height components in sorghum (Panicoidae) and comparative genetics with rice (Oryzoidae)

Background Domestication has played an important role in shaping characteristics of the inflorescence and plant height in cultivated cereals. Taking advantage of meta-analysis of QTLs, phylogenetic analyses in 502 diverse sorghum accessions, GWAS in a sorghum association panel (n = 354) and comparative data, we provide insight into the genetic basis of the domestication traits in...

Sequencing of transcriptomes from two Miscanthus species reveals functional specificity in rhizomes, and clarifies evolutionary relationships

Background Miscanthus is a promising biomass crop for temperate regions. Despite the increasing interest in this plant, limited sequence information has constrained research into its biology, physiology, and breeding. The whole genome transcriptomes of M. sinensis and M. sacchariflorus presented in this study may provide good resources to understand functional compositions of two...

Multi-Phase US Spread and Habitat Switching of a Post-Columbian Invasive, Sorghum halepense

Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) is a striking example of a post-Columbian founder event. This natural experiment within ecological time-scales provides a unique opportunity for understanding patterns of continent-wide genetic diversity following range expansion. Microsatellite markers were used for population genetic analyses including leaf-optimized Neighbor-Joining tree...

Erratum: Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments

Singh, Rattan S Yadav, Eric Lyons, Swapan K Datta, C Tom Hash, Katrien M Devos, Edward Buckler, Jeffrey L Bennetzen, Andrew H Paterson, Peggy Ozias-Akins, Stefania Grando, Jun Wang, Trilochan Mohapatra

Ancient Gene Duplicates in Gossypium (Cotton) Exhibit Near-Complete Expression Divergence

Whole genome duplication (WGD) is widespread in flowering plants and is a driving force in angiosperm diversification. The redundancy introduced by WGD allows the evolution of novel gene interactions and functions, although the patterns and processes of diversification are poorly understood. We identified ∼2,000 pairs of paralogous genes in Gossypium raimondii (cotton) resulting...

The Cytonuclear Dimension of Allopolyploid Evolution: An Example from Cotton Using Rubisco

During allopolyploid speciation, two divergent nuclear genomes merge, yet only one (usually the maternal) of the two sets of progenitor organellar genomes is maintained. Rubisco (1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase) is composed of nuclear-encoded small subunits (SSUs) and plastome-encoded large subunits (LSUs), providing an ideal system to explore the evolutionary process of...

Comparative and Evolutionary Analysis of Major Peanut Allergen Gene Families

. Bertioli 3 Andrew H. Paterson 2 0 Center for Genomics and Computational Biology, School of Life Sciences, School of Sciences, Hebei United University , Tangshan, Hebei, China 1 Directorate of Soybean

A cornucopia of genomes

A report on the Plant and Animal Genome XIV Conference, San Diego, USA, 14-18 January 2006.

Screening synteny blocks in pairwise genome comparisons through integer programming

Background It is difficult to accurately interpret chromosomal correspondences such as true orthology and paralogy due to significant divergence of genomes from a common ancestor. Analyses are particularly problematic among lineages that have repeatedly experienced whole genome duplication (WGD) events. To compare multiple "subgenomes" derived from genome duplications, we need to...

Modes of Gene Duplication Contribute Differently to Genetic Novelty and Redundancy, but Show Parallels across Divergent Angiosperms

Background Both single gene and whole genome duplications (WGD) have recurred in angiosperm evolution. However, the evolutionary effects of different modes of gene duplication, especially regarding their contributions to genetic novelty or redundancy, have been inadequately explored. Results In Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa (rice), species that deeply sample botanical...

QUBIC: a qualitative biclustering algorithm for analyses of gene expression data

Biclustering extends the traditional clustering techniques by attempting to find (all) subgroups of genes with similar expression patterns under to-be-identified subsets of experimental conditions when applied to gene expression data. Still the real power of this clustering strategy is yet to be fully realized due to the lack of effective and efficient algorithms for reliably...