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14 papers found.
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Neglected Parasitic Infections in the United States: Toxoplasmosis

0 Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , 1600 Clifton Road, NE , Mailstop A-06, Atlanta, GA 30333 1 Monica E. Parise, and Anthony E. Fiore ... . Parise, and Anthony E. Fiore, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, E-mails: , , and .

Community-Based Values for 2009 Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Illnesses and Vaccination-Related Adverse Events

Objective To evaluate community-based values for avoiding pandemic influenza (A) H1N1 (pH1N1) illness and vaccination-related adverse events in adults and children. Methods Adult community members were randomly selected from a nationally representative research panel to complete an internet survey (response rate = 65%; n = 718). Respondents answered a series of time trade-off...

Comment and Update on Influenza Prevention and Treatment

the potential to cause human pandemics [4, 5]. Potential conflicts of interest. D.K.S.: no conflicts. A.E.F. and Anthony E. Fiore and David K. Shay Influenza Division, National Center for

Cost-Effectiveness of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Vaccination in the United States

Background Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) (pH1N1) was first identified in North America in April 2009. Vaccination against pH1N1 commenced in the U.S. in October 2009 and continued through January 2010. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pH1N1 vaccination. Methodology A computer simulation model was developed to predict costs and health outcomes for...

Hepatitis A Transmitted by Food

0 Received 12 June 2003; accepted 1 October 2003; electronically published 11 February 2004. Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333 1 Anthony E. Fiore Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for

Antiviral Treatment of Patients with Oseltamivir-Resistant and Oseltamivir-Susceptible Seasonal Influenza A (H1N1) Infection during the 2007–2008 Influenza Season in the United States

conflicts. Nila J. Dharan,1,2,a Larisa V. Gubareva,2 Alexander I. Klimov,2 Anthony E. Fiore,2 Joseph S. Bresee,2 and Alicia M. Fry2 1Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development

Antibody Levels and Protection after Hepatitis B Vaccine: Results of a 22-Year Follow-Up Study and Response to a Booster Dose

BackgroundThe duration of protection in children and adults (including health care workers) resulting from the hepatitis B vaccine primary series is unknown MethodsTo determine the protection afforded by hepatitis B vaccine, Alaska Native persons who had received plasma-derived hepatitis B vaccine when they were >6 months of age were tested for antibody to hepatitis B surface...

Use of Molecular Epidemiology to Confirm a Multistate Outbreak of Hepatitis a Caused by Consumption of Oysters

The 39 oyster consumption-related cases of hepatitis A reported in 2005 represent the first large outbreak of hepatitis A associated with shellfish consumption in the United States in >15 years. This is the first outbreak investigation in which an identical hepatitis A virus sequence was obtained from both the implicated food product and case patients.

An Outbreak of Travel-Associated Legionnaires Disease and Pontiac Fever: The Need for Enhanced Surveillance of Travel-Associated Legionellosis in the United States

Travel-associated outbreaks of legionnaires disease (LD) and combined outbreaks of LD and Pontiac fever (PF) are rarely identified. During one travel-associated combined outbreak at a hotel, a cohort study of potentially exposed persons and an environmental investigation were performed. Two LD and 22 PF cases were identified. Legionella pneumophila serogroup 6 (Lp6) isolates from...

Reduction in Functional Antibody Activity Against Streptococcus pneumoniae in Vaccinated Elderly Individuals Highly Correlates with Decreased IgG Antibody Avidity

The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is recommended as a means of preventing invasive disease in the elderly. We compared responses to the 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine in 46 previously unvaccinated, healthy, institutionalized elderly persons (mean age, 85.5 years) with those in 12 healthy younger adults (mean age, 37 years) by measuring prevaccination and postvaccination...

Clinical Outcomes of Meningitis Caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the Era of Antibiotic Resistance

Limited data are available on clinical outcomes of meningitis due to cefotaxime-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae. We analyzed data from 109 cases of pneumococcal meningitis in Atlanta, Baltimore, and San Antonio, which were identified through population-based active surveillance from November 1994 to April 1996. Pneumococcal isolates from 9% of the cases were resistant to...

Clinical Outcomes of Bacteremic Pneumococcal Pneumonia in the Era of Antibiotic Resistance

Limited data are available about the impact of antimicrobial resistance on clinical outcomes in cases of pneumococcal pneumonia. This was studied in 146 persons hospitalized with invasive pneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae (minimum inhibitory concentration of cefotaxime, ⩾.25 μg/mL) who were identified through population-based active surveillance for the period of November...

Epidemic Legionnaires' Disease Two Decades Later: Old Sources, New Diagnostic Methods

In July 1995 we investigated a pneumonia outbreak in a Pennsylvania town. We conducted epidemiological and molecular microbiological studies to determine the outbreak source and interrupt transmission of disease. Legionnaires' disease (LD) was quickly identified by urine antigen testing, and a newly developed immunohistochemical stain confirmed nosocomial transmission to a...