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13 papers found.
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Positive deviance as a novel tool in malaria control and elimination: methodology, qualitative assessment and future potential

Background Positive deviance (PD) is an asset-based, community-driven approach to behaviour change that has successfully been applied to address many health and social problems. It is yet to have been assessed for malaria control but may represent a promising tool for malaria elimination given its suitability in targeting small and remote population groups, apparent...

Plasmodium vivax Malaria in Cambodia

Malaria Control (CNM), Phnom Penh, Cambodia, E-mails: , , soleycnm@, and . Arantxa Roca-Feltrer and Ngau Peng By, Malaria Consortium Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, E-mail: and . Denis Mey Bouth

Malaria and the mobile and migrant population in Cambodia: a population movement framework to inform strategies for malaria control and elimination

Background The relationships between human population movement (HPM) and health are a concern at global level. In the case of malaria, those links are crucial in relation to the spread of drug resistant parasites and to the elimination of malaria in the Greater Mekong sub-Region (GMS) and beyond. The mobile and migrant populations (MMP) who are involved in forest related...

Novel approaches to risk stratification to support malaria elimination: an example from Cambodia

Arantxa Roca-Feltrer 0 0 Malaria Consortium , Phnom Penh , Cambodia 1 Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine , London , UK

Reactive case-detection of malaria in Pailin Province, Western Cambodia: lessons from a year-long evaluation in a pre-elimination setting

1 3 5 Chandary Rang 2 Ruth A. Ashton 5 Nimol Khim Laura Berne Saorin Kim Siv Sovannaroth Po Ly Didier Ménard Jonathan Cox 5 Sylvia Meek Arantxa RocaFeltrer 0 John Hustedt and Sara E. Canavati equally

Novel Cross-Border Approaches to Optimise Identification of Asymptomatic and Artemisinin-Resistant Plasmodium Infection in Mobile Populations Crossing Cambodian Borders

Background Human population movement across country borders presents a real challenge for malaria control and elimination efforts in Cambodia and its neighbouring countries. To quantify Plasmodium infection among the border-crossing population, including asymptomatic and artemisinin resistant (AR) parasites, three official border crossing points, one from each of Cambodia's...

Modelling the Contributions of Malaria, HIV, Malnutrition and Rainfall to the Decline in Paediatric Invasive Non-typhoidal Salmonella Disease in Malawi

Introduction Nontyphoidal Salmonellae (NTS) are responsible for a huge burden of bloodstream infection in Sub-Saharan African children. Recent reports of a decline in invasive NTS (iNTS) disease from Kenya and The Gambia have emphasised an association with malaria control. Following a similar decline in iNTS disease in Malawi, we have used 9 years of continuous longitudinal data...

Rolling Malaria Indicator Surveys (rMIS): A Potential District-Level Malaria Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Tool for Program Managers

Trust Clinical Research Programme , Blantyre , Malawi; Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine , Liverpool , United Kingdom; College of Medicine , Blantyre , Malawi 2 Authors' addresses: Arantxa Roca ... -Feltrer, Malawi-Liverpool- Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme , Blantyre , Malawi Novel malaria monitoring and evaluation (M&E) tools are urgently needed to complement the current gold standard

Field Trial Evaluation of the Performances of Point-of-Care Tests for Screening G6PD Deficiency in Cambodia

Background User-friendly, accurate, point-of-care rapid tests to detect glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PDd) are urgently needed at peripheral level to safely recommend primaquine for malaria elimination. Methods The CareStart G6PD RDT (AccessBio, New Jersey, USA), a novel rapid diagnostic test and the most commonly used test, the fluorescent spot test (FST) were...

A simple method for defining malaria seasonality

Background There is currently no standard way of defining malaria seasonality, resulting in a wide range of definitions reported in the literature. Malaria cases show seasonal peaks in most endemic settings, and the choice and timing for optimal malaria control may vary by seasonality. A simple approach is presented to describe the seasonality of malaria, to aid localized...

The age patterns of severe malaria syndromes in sub-Saharan Africa across a range of transmission intensities and seasonality settings

A greater understanding of the relationship between transmission intensity, seasonality and the age-pattern of malaria is needed to guide appropriate targeting of malaria interventions in different epidemiological settings. A systematic literature review identified studies which reported the age of paediatric hospital admissions with cerebral malaria (CM), severe malarial anaemia...

Seasonal and geographic differences in treatment-seeking and household cost of febrile illness among children in Malawi

Background Households in malaria endemic countries experience considerable costs in accessing formal health facilities because of childhood malaria. The Ministry of Health in Malawi has defined certain villages as hard-to-reach on the basis of either their distance from health facilities or inaccessibility. Some of these villages have been assigned a community health worker...

Age-Patterns of Malaria Vary with Severity, Transmission Intensity and Seasonality in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review and Pooled Analysis

Background There is evidence that the age-pattern of Plasmodium falciparum malaria varies with transmission intensity. A better understanding of how this varies with the severity of outcome and across a range of transmission settings could enable locally appropriate targeting of interventions to those most at risk. We have, therefore, undertaken a pooled analysis of existing data...