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Improving preterm newborn identification in low-resource settings with machine learning

Conceptualization: Katelyn J. Rittenhouse, Bellington Vwalika, Alexander Keil, Jennifer Winston, Joan T. Price, Monica Kapasa, Mulaya Mubambe, Vanilla Banda, Whyson Muunga, Jeffrey S. A. Stringer. Data curation ... acquisition: Jeffrey S. A. Stringer. Investigation: Katelyn J. Rittenhouse, Monica Kapasa, Mulaya Mubambe, Vanilla Banda, Whyson Muunga. Methodology: Katelyn J. Rittenhouse, Bellington Vwalika, Alexander

Difficult decisions: Evaluating individual and couple-level fertility intentions and HIV acquisition among HIV serodiscordant couples in Zambia

study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Amanda Tichacek, Pamina M ... Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Susan Allen. Methodology: Dvora Leah Joseph Davey, Susan Allen. Project administration: William Kilembe, Naw Htee Khu, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda

Signal functions for measuring the ability of health facilities to provide abortion services: an illustrative analysis using a health facility census in Zambia

Background Annually, around 44 million abortions are induced worldwide. Safe termination of pregnancy (TOP) services can reduce maternal mortality, but induced abortion is illegal or severely restricted in many countries. All abortions, particularly unsafe induced abortions, may require post-abortion care (PAC) services to treat complications and prevent future unwanted pregnancy...

Erratum to: Risky Sex and HIV Acquisition Among HIV Serodiscordant Couples in Zambia, 2002–2012: What Does Alcohol Have To Do With It?

, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakht, W. Scott Comulada, Susan Allen, Pamina M. Gorbach, was originally published Online First

Risky Sex and HIV Acquisition Among HIV Serodiscordant Couples in Zambia, 2002–2012: What Does Alcohol Have To Do With It?

In this paper we evaluate the effects of heavy alcohol consumption on sexual behavior, HIV acquisition, and antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation in a longitudinal open cohort of 1929 serodiscordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia from 2002 to 2012. We evaluated factors associated with baseline heavy alcohol consumption and its association with condomless sex with the study partner...

Hormonal Contraceptive Use Among HIV-Positive Women and HIV Transmission Risk to Male Partners, Zambia, 1994–2012

Background. Evidence on the association between female-to-male human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission risk and hormonal contraception is sparse and conflicting. Methods. Heterosexual HIV-discordant couples from Lusaka, Zambia, were followed longitudinally at 3 month-intervals from 1994 to 2012. The impact of hormonal contraception on time to HIV transmission from HIV...

Precision of the Kalon Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 IgG ELISA: an international inter-laboratory assessment

R. Lingappa Rhoda Ashley Morrow Estelle Piwowar-Manning Anelet James Kwitaka F. Maluzi Maina M. Cheeba Glenda Gray Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Mubiana Inambao Bellington Vwalika Thomas C. Quinn 0 1 Oliver

Unintended Pregnancy among HIV Positive Couples Receiving Integrated HIV Counseling, Testing, and Family Planning Services in Zambia

Objective We describe rates of unintended pregnancy among HIV positive couples in Lusaka, Zambia. We also identify factors associated with unintended pregnancy among oral contraceptive pill (OCP) using couples in this cohort. Design Data were analyzed from couples randomized in a factorial design to two family planning intervention videos. Methods Rates of unintended pregnancy...

Syphilis Treatment Response Among HIV-Discordant Couples in Zambia and Rwanda

Background. Syphilis continues to be a common sexually transmitted infection, despite the availability of inexpensive and effective treatment. Infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–discordant couples is important because syphilis increases the risk of HIV acquisition. Current US treatment guidelines recommend 1 dose of benzathine penicillin for early syphilis...

Population-Level Scale-Up of Cervical Cancer Prevention Services in a Low-Resource Setting: Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of the Cervical Cancer Prevention Program in Zambia

Background Very few efforts have been undertaken to scale-up low-cost approaches to cervical cancer prevention in low-resource countries. Methods In a public sector cervical cancer prevention program in Zambia, nurses provided visual-inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy in clinics co-housed with HIV/AIDS programs, and referred women with complex lesions for...

Couples' voluntary counselling and testing and nevirapine use in antenatal clinics in two African capitals: a prospective cohort study

Background With the accessibility of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services in sub-Saharan Africa, more women are being tested for HIV in antenatal care settings. Involving partners in the counselling and testing process could help prevent horizontal and vertical transmission of HIV. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility of couples' voluntary...

Characteristics of HIV-1 Discordant Couples Enrolled in a Trial of HSV-2 Suppression to Reduce HIV-1 Transmission: The Partners Study

Gray James McIntyre Rachel Manongi Saidi Kapiga David Coetzee Susan Allen Mubiana Inambao Kayitesi Kayitenkore Etienne Karita William Kanweka Sinead Delany Helen Rees Bellington Vwalika Robert W. Coombs ... Emory University): Susan Allen, Bellington Vwalika; Moshi, Tanzania (Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Harvard University): Saidi Kapiga, Rachel Manongi, Paul Magao; Nairobi, Kenya (University of