Advanced search    

Search: authors:"Burdorf, Alex"

18 papers found.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

The impact of depressive symptoms on exit from paid employment in Europe: a longitudinal study with 4 years follow-up

Mental health problems are a risk factor for loss of paid employment. This study investigates (i) the relation between depressive symptoms and different involuntary pathways of labour force exit and (ii) explores gender and geographical differences in this relation.

Structural neighbourhood conditions, social cohesion and psychological distress in the Netherlands

Background: Neighbourhood inequalities in psychological distress are well reported, but underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The main purposes of this study were to investigate associations between structural neighbourhood conditions and psychological distress, and to explore the potential mediating role of neighbourhood social cohesion. Methods: Cross-sectional...

Do lifestyle, health and social participation mediate educational inequalities in frailty worsening?

Background: Lower educated older persons are at increased risk of becoming frail as compared with higher educated older persons. To reduce educational inequalities in the development of frailty, we investigated whether lifestyle, health and social participation mediate this relationship. Methods: Longitudinal data of 14 082 European community-dwelling persons aged 55 years and...

Applying Quality Criteria to Exposure in Asbestos Epidemiology Increases the Estimated Risk

Mesothelioma deaths due to environmental exposure to asbestos in The Netherlands led to parliamentary concern that exposure guidelines were not strict enough. The Health Council of the Netherlands was asked for advice. Its report has recently been published. The question of quality of the exposure estimates was studied more systematically than in previous asbestos meta-analyses...

Cost-effectiveness of a long-term Internet-delivered worksite health promotion programme on physical activity and nutrition: a cluster randomized controlled trial

This study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a long-term workplace health promotion programme on physical activity (PA) and nutrition. In total, 924 participants enrolled in a 2-year cluster randomized controlled trial, with departments (n = 74) within companies (n = 6) as the unit of randomization. The intervention was compared with a standard programme consisting of a...

Why some walk and others don't: exploring interactions of perceived safety and social neighborhood factors with psychosocial cognitions

Although physical activity is often believed to be influenced by both environmental and individual factors, little is known about their interaction. This study explores interactions of perceived safety and social neighborhood factors with psychosocial cognitions for leisure-time walking. Cross-sectional data were obtained from residents (age 25–75 years) of 212 neighborhoods in...

Intrauterine exposure to mild analgesics during pregnancy and the occurrence of cryptorchidism and hypospadia in the offspring: the Generation R Study

Recently, over-the-counter mild analgesic use during pregnancy has been suggested to influence the risk of reproductive disorders in the offspring. We examined the influence of maternal exposure to mild analgesics during pregnancy on the occurrence of cryptorchidism and hypospadia in their offspring.

Occupational exposure to chemicals and fetal growth: the Generation R Study

Developmental diseases, such as birth defects, growth restriction and preterm delivery, account for >25% of infant mortality and morbidity. Several studies have shown that exposure to chemicals during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify whether occupational exposure to various chemicals might adversely influence intrauterine...

Is human fecundity declining in Western countries?

Since Carlsen and co-workers reported in 1992 that sperm counts have decreased during the second half of the last century in Western societies, there has been widespread anxiety about the adverse effects of environmental pollutants on human fecundity. The Carlsen report was followed by several re-analyses of their data set and by many studies on time trends in sperm quality and...

Associations between work-related factors and specific disorders at the elbow: a systematic literature review

Objectives. To assess the exposure–response relationships between work-related physical and psychosocial factors and lateral epicondylitis, medial epicondylitis, cubital tunnel syndrome and radial tunnel syndrome in occupational populations.

Commentary: Variability in Workplace Exposures and the Design of Efficient Measurement and Control Strategies

Kromhout et al.’s (1993) well-cited publication presented detailed information on statistical procedures to estimate the magnitude of exposure variability within and between workers, drawing from a large database on chemical exposures throughout industry. It convincingly demonstrated that the construct of homogeneous exposure groups often does not hold true and suggested ways to...

An Expert System for the Evaluation of Historical Asbestos Exposure as Diagnostic Criterion in Asbestos-related Diseases

Compensation schemes for asbestos-related diseases have developed different strategies for attributing a specific disease to occupational exposure to asbestos in the past. In the absence of quantitative exposure information that allows a valid estimate of an individuals historical exposure, general guidelines are required to retrospectively evaluate asbestos exposure. A risk...