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Intake of 12 food groups and disability-adjusted life years from coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and colorectal cancer in 16 European countries

Our aim was to estimate and rank 12 food groups according to disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) from coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and colorectal cancer (CRC) in 16 European countries. De novo published non-linear dose–response meta-analyses of prospective studies (based on 297 primary reports), and food consumption data from the European Food...

Meal analysis for understanding eating behavior: meal- and participant-specific predictors for the variance in energy and macronutrient intake

Meals differ in their nutritional content. This variation has not been fully addressed despite its potential contribution in understanding eating behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the between-meal and between-individual variance in energy and macronutrient intake as a measure of variation in intake and the meal type-specific relative importance of predictors of...

Chocolate and risk of chronic disease: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis

PurposeEvidence for the association between chocolate intake and risk of chronic diseases is inconclusive. Therefore, we aimed to synthesize and evaluate the credibility of evidence on the dose-response association between chocolate consumption with risk of all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, heart failure (HF), type 2 diabetes (T2D), colorectal cancer (CRC...

Meal and habitual dietary networks identified through Semiparametric Gaussian Copula Graphical Models in a German adult population

Conceptualization: Carolina Schwedhelm, Sven Knu?ppel, Lukas Schwingshackl, Heiner Boeing, Khalid Iqbal. Formal analysis: Carolina Schwedhelm. Funding acquisition: Heiner Boeing. Methodology: Khalid Iqbal ... . Supervision: Khalid Iqbal. Visualization: Carolina Schwedhelm. Writing ? original draft: Carolina Schwedhelm. Writing ? review & editing: Sven Knu?ppel, Lukas Schwingshackl, Heiner Boeing, Khalid Iqbal. 14

Potatoes and risk of chronic disease: a systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis

PurposeWe aimed to synthesize the evidence on the relation between different types of potato consumption with risk of all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, type 2 diabetes (T2D), colorectal cancer (CRC), and hypertension.MethodsSystematic searches until May 2018 were conducted in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Random effects meta-analyses comparing...

Evaluating Mediterranean diet and risk of chronic disease in cohort studies: an umbrella review of meta-analyses

Several meta-analyses have been published summarizing the associations of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) with chronic diseases. We evaluated the quality and credibility of evidence from these meta-analyses as well as characterized the different indices used to define MedDiet and re-calculated the associations with the different indices identified. We conducted an umbrella...

A network meta-analysis on the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

and Statistics, Sorbonne Paris Cite ́ Research Center (CRESS), METHODS Team , Paris , France 6 Paris Descartes University , Paris , France 7 Carolina Schwedhelm The aim of the present study is to

Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains...

Consumption of Dairy Products in Relation to Changes in Anthropometric Variables in Adult Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies

Background The current state of knowledge regarding the association of dairy products and weight gain, overweight, and obesity is based on studies reporting contradicting and inconclusive results. The aim of the present study was thus to clarify the link between dairy consumption in relation to changes in anthropometric measures/adiposity by a meta-analytical approach. Methods...

Food groups and risk of chronic disease: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis of cohort studies

Background There is a lack of systematic and comprehensive evaluations whether food intakes lower or increase risk of chronic diseases. In this network meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, we aim to evaluate the effects of different foods on risk of chronic diseases. Methods/design We will search PubMed and EMBASE. This will be supplemented by a hand search and author...