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Hepatitis B vaccination status and associated factors among undergraduate students of Makerere University College of Health Sciences

. Formal analysis: Yvette Wibabara, Joan Kalyango, Alex Kityamuwesi, Winfred Christine Methodology: Yvette Wibabara, Cecily Banura, Joan Kalyango, Charles Karamagi, Winfred Christine Amia, Ponsiano Ocama ... . Project administration: Yvette Wibabara, Ponsiano Ocama. Resources: Yvette Wibabara, Alex Kityamuwesi. Software: Yvette Wibabara, Alex Kityamuwesi. Supervision: Cecily Banura, Joan Kalyango, Charles

Survival and associated factors among patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in Mulago hospital, Kampala, Uganda

BackgroundDespite improvements in diagnosis and patient management, survival and prognostic factors of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains largely unknown in most of Sub Saharan Africa.ObjectiveTo establish survival and associated factors among patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma treated at Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala.MethodsWe conducted a...

Vaccines against human papillomavirus in low and middle income countries: a review of safety, immunogenicity and efficacy

. Mirembe 0 Cecily Banura 1 0 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Makerere University , Kampala , Uganda 1 Department of Child Health and Development Center, Makerere University , Kampala , Uganda

Perceptions and experiences of adolescents, parents and school administrators regarding adolescent-parent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues in urban and rural Uganda

Background Evidence suggests that in spite of some adolescents being sexually active, many parents do not discuss sex-related issues with them due to lack of age-appropriate respectful vocabulary and skills. The likelihood of parent-adolescent communication improving sexual and reproductive health outcomes appears plausible. The desire to understand parent-adolescent...

Disclosure of HIV test results by women to their partners following antenatal HIV testing: a population-based cross-sectional survey among slum dwellers in Kampala Uganda

Background Disclosure of HIV status by women to their partners is the backbone for prevention of HIV transmission among couples as well as promotion of the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with disclosure of HIV test results by women to their sexual partners following...

Parents' Knowledge, Risk Perception and Willingness to Allow Young Males to Receive Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines in Uganda

The Ministry of Health in Uganda in collaboration with the Program for Appropriate Technology for Health (PATH) supported by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2008–2009 vaccinated approximately 10,000 girls with the bivalent humanpapilloma virus (HPV) vaccine. We assessed parent's knowledge, risk perception and willingness to allow son(s) to receive HPV vaccines in future...

The levels of anti-HPV16/18 and anti-HPV31/33/35/45/52/58 antibodies among AS04-adjuvanted HPV16/18 vaccinated and non-vaccinated Ugandan girls aged 10–16 years

Nakalembe 0 Cecily Banura Proscovia B Namujju Florence M Mirembe 0 0 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Makerere University , Kampala , Uganda Background: Data on Human Papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine

Prevalence, incidence and risk factors for anogenital warts in Sub Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta analysis

Introduction The quadrivalent HPV vaccine is highly effective in primary prevention of anogenital warts (AGWs). However, there is lack of systematic review in the literature of the epidemiology of AGWs in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Objective To review the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for AGWs in SSA prior to the introduction of HPV vaccination programs. Methods PubMed...

Universal routine HPV vaccination for young girls in Uganda: a review of opportunities and potential obstacles

This article reviews the existing realities in Uganda to identify opportunities and potential obstacles of providing universal routine HPV vaccination to young adolescent girls. Cervical cancer is a public health priority in Uganda where it contributes to about 50–60% of all female malignancies. It is associated with a dismal 5-year relative survival of approximately 20%. With...

Epidemiology of HPV genotypes in Uganda and the role of the current preventive vaccines: A systematic review

Background Limited data are available on the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in the general population and in invasive cervical cancer (ICC) in Uganda. Yet, with the advent of preventive HPV vaccines that target HPV 16 and 18 responsible for causing about 70% of ICC cases in the world, such information is crucial to predict how vaccination and HPV-based...

Type-specific incidence, clearance and predictors of cervical human papillomavirus infections (HPV) among young women: a prospective study in Uganda

Background While infections with human papillomavirus (HPV) are highly prevalent among sexually active young women in Uganda, information on incidence, clearance and their associated risk factors is sparse. To estimate the incidence, prevalence and determinants of HPV infections, we conducted a prospective follow-up study among 1,275 women aged 12-24 years at the time of...

Low avidity of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 antibodies is associated with increased risk of low-risk but not high-risk HPV type prevalence

BackgroundLow avidity of antibodies against viral, bacterial and parasitic agents has been used for differential diagnosis of acute versus recent/past infections. The low-avidity antibodies may however, persist for a longer period in some individuals.FindingsWe studied the association of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 antibody avidity with seroprevalence to HPV types 6/11/18...

Infection with Human Papillomavirus and HIV among Young Women in Kampala, Uganda

Background. Information on the prevalence of cervical infection with different human papillomavirus (HPV) types among young women is essential to support the introduction of HPV vaccine in Uganda. Methods. Cross-sectional findings are presented from a cohort study of 1,275 sexually active women aged 12–24 years seeking health services at a clinic for teenagers in Kampala, Uganda...