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5 papers found.
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Non-tariff and overall protection: evidence across countries and over time

This paper analyzes the evolution of the incidence and intensity of non-tariff measures (NTMs). It extends earlier work by measuring protection from NTMs over time from a newly available database and provides evidence on the evolution of NTMs. In particular, building on Kee et al. (Econ J 119(534):172–199, 2009), this paper estimates the ad valorem equivalents of NTMs for 97...

Whole plastid transcriptomes reveal abundant RNA editing sites and differential editing status in Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana

BackgroundRNA editing is a process of post-transcriptional level of gene regulation by nucleotide modification. Previously, the chloroplast DNA of Taiwan endemic moth orchid, P. aphrodite subsp. formosana was determined, and 44 RNA editing sites were identified from 24 plastid protein-coding transcripts of leaf tissue via RT-PCR and then conventional Sanger sequencing. However...

Unraveling the kinetic diversity of microbial 3-dehydroquinate dehydratases of shikimate pathway

3-Dehydroquinate dehydratase (DHQase) catalyzes the conversion of 3-dehydroquinic acid to 3-dehydroshikimic acid of the shikimate pathway. In this study, 3180 prokaryotic genomes were examined and 459 DHQase sequences were retrieved. Based on sequence analysis and their original hosts, 38 DHQase genes were selected for chemical synthesis. The selected DHQases were translated into...

Reconstruction of cosmic and beam-halo muons with the CMS detector

The powerful muon and tracker systems of the CMS detector together with dedicated reconstruction software allow precise and efficient measurement of muon tracks originating from proton-proton collisions. The standard muon reconstruction algorithms, however, are inadequate to deal with muons that do not originate from collisions. This note discusses the design, implementation, and...

Prognostic impact of C-REL expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with a germinal center B-cell (GCB) phenotype is believed to confer a better prognosis than DLBCL with an activated B-cell (ABC) phenotype. Previous studies have suggested that nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation plays an important role in the ABC subtype of DLBCL, whereas c-REL amplification is associated with the GCB subtype. Using...