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Mediation of Endogenous β-Endorphin by Tetrandrine to Lower Plasma Glucose in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

The role of β-endorphin in the plasma glucose-lowering action of tetrandrine in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ-diabetic rats) was investigated. The plasma glucose concentration was assessed by the glucose oxidase method. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the plasma level of β-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (BER). The mRNA levels of glucose...

Theoretical and Experimental Study of Effective Shear Stiffness of Reinforced ECC Columns

Engineered cementitious composites (ECC) possesses characteristics that make it suitable in the zones of high shear and ductility demand of structural elements; however, there is a lack of an adequate model to predict its shear stiffness. A theoretical model for the effective shear stiffness of reinforced ECC (RECC) columns is proposed on the basis of the truss-arch model, with...

Fermented Citrus Lemon Reduces Liver Injury Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride in Rats

, Yang-Chang Wu; wt.ude.umk@uwhcay, and Jaung-Geng Lin; wt.ude.umc.liam@nilgj Received 24 January 2018; Revised 23 March 2018; Accepted 29 March 2018; Published 20 May 2018 Academic Editor: Farzad Deyhim

Fermented Citrus Lemon Reduces Liver Injury Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride in Rats

, Yang-Chang Wu; wt.ude.umk@uwhcay, and Jaung-Geng Lin; wt.ude.umc.liam@nilgj Received 24 January 2018; Revised 23 March 2018; Accepted 29 March 2018; Published 20 May 2018 Academic Editor: Farzad Deyhim

Update in myopia and treatment strategy of atropine use in myopia control

The prevalence of myopia is increasing globally. Complications of myopia are associated with huge economic and social costs. It is believed that high myopia in adulthood can be traced back to school age onset myopia. Therefore, it is crucial and urgent to implement effective measures of myopia control, which may include preventing myopia onset as well as retarding myopia...

Fixation behavior in macular dystrophy assessed by microperimetry

PurposeTo investigate the fixation behavior in macular dystrophy using microperimetry.MethodsThis retrospective study included patients with macular dystrophy and unilateral macular pucker. Macular dystrophic eyes were compared based on fixation within or outside of the atrophic region. The normal fellow eyes in patients with unilateral macular pucker formed the control group...

Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate ameliorates endothelial dysfunction in thoracic aorta of diabetic rats by preserving vascular DDAH activity

encoding human DDAH2 gene (Ad5CMV-hDDAH2). 16 / 19 Data curation: Yan-Ping Lei. Formal analysis: Chang-Wu Lu. Funding acquisition: Yan Xiong. Investigation: Chang-Wu Lu, Yuan Lin, Yan-Ping Lei. Project

Correction to: Gender difference in acquired seizure susceptibility in adult rats after early complex febrile seizures

In the original publication of the article, the representative EEG of female rat pups with FS in Figure 1 C and D was incorrectly intercepted from that of male rat pups. This correction does not affect the conclusions of the paper. Figure 1 has been corrected on the online PDF version and displayed below.

Testosterone suppresses uropathogenic Escherichia coli invasion and colonization within prostate cells and inhibits inflammatory responses through JAK/STAT-1 signaling pathway

Prostatitis is a common condition in adult men of all ages. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are most frequent pathogen involved in bacterial prostatitis by refluxing the infected urine into prostatic ducts and resulting in an ascending urethral infection. However, the study about the mechanisms of UPEC to invade, replicate and persist in normal prostate epithelial cell is...

Asymmetric cyanation of imines via dipeptide-derived organophosphine dual-reagent catalysis

Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032, ChinaHong-Yu Wang, Chang-Wu Zheng, Zhuo Chai, Jia-Xing Zhang & Gang Zhao AuthorsSearch for Hong-Yu Wang ... in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Chang-Wu Zheng in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Zhuo Chai in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google

Soya-cerebroside, an extract of Cordyceps militaris, suppresses monocyte migration and prevents cartilage degradation in inflammatory animal models

• Google ScholarSearch for Te-Mao Li in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Yang-Chang Wu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Chih-Hsin Tang in:Nature ... . Liu; C.H. Tang. Competing interests The authors declare no competing financial interests. Corresponding authors Correspondence to Yang-Chang Wu or Chih-Hsin Tang. Supplementary information Word

The Association between Near Work Activities and Myopia in Children—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Myopia has a multifactorial etiology, although environmental factors are predominant in determining its current patterns. Currently, associations between near work activities and myopia have not been consistently observed. Therefore, we performed a systematic review to quantify the effect of near work activities on myopia in children. Relevant articles published between 1989 and...

Structure-Activity Relationship of Synthetic 2-Phenylnaphthalenes with Hydroxyl Groups that Inhibit Proliferation and Induce Apoptosis of MCF-7 Cancer Cells

; found: 251.07032 [M+H]+. MCF-7 cells were obtained from the laboratory of Dr. Yang-Chang Wu (School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Taiwan), and MCF-10A cells were obtained from the laboratory of

Bio- chemical and physical characterizations of mesenchymal stromal cells along the time course of directed differentiation

Cellular biophysical properties are novel biomarkers of cell phenotypes which may reflect the status of differentiating stem cells. Accurate characterizations of cellular biophysical properties, in conjunction with the corresponding biochemical properties could help to distinguish stem cells from primary cells, cancer cells, and differentiated cells. However, the correlated...

Bacterial alterations in salivary microbiota and their association in oral cancer

-Lin Tsai in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Buor-Chang Wu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Chung-Han Hsin in:Nature Research journals

Design and Analysis of a Novel Speed-Changing Wheel Hub with an Integrated Electric Motor for Electric Bicycles

University of Science & Technology, Yunlin 640, Taiwan Received 9 September 2013; Accepted 10 October 2013 Academic Editor: Teen-Hang Meen Copyright © 2013 Yi-Chang Wu and Zi-Heng Sun. This is an open

Design and Analysis of a Novel Speed-Changing Wheel Hub with an Integrated Electric Motor for Electric Bicycles

University of Science & Technology, Yunlin 640, Taiwan Received 9 September 2013; Accepted 10 October 2013 Academic Editor: Teen-Hang Meen Copyright © 2013 Yi-Chang Wu and Zi-Heng Sun. This is an open