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Subloading Surface Model and Experimental Study of Coal Failure under Cyclic Loading

The fatigue damage of rock is an important factor affecting the stability of rock structure. In this paper, the mechanical response of coal under cyclic loading was studied. In order to accurately describe the deformation characteristics of coal under cyclic loading, an elastic-plastic model of coal based on the theory of subloading surface was established and verified by...

Concrete Compression Test Data Estimation Based on a Wavelet Neural Network Model

Firstly, a genetic algorithm (GA) and simulated annealing (SA) optimized fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm (FCM) was proposed in this paper, which was developed to allow for a clustering analysis of the massive concrete cube specimen compression test data. Then, using an optimized error correction time series estimation method based on the wavelet neural network (WNN), a...

Solving a Large-Scale Multi-Depot Vehicle Scheduling Problem in Urban Bus Systems

This study proposes an improved model and algorithm for the large-scale multi-depot vehicle scheduling problem (MDVSP) with departure-duration restrictions. In this study, the time-space network is applied to model the large-scale MDVSP. Considering that crews usually change shifts in the depot, departure-duration restrictions are added to the classic set-partitioning model to...

Effects of Common Factors on Dynamics of Stocks Traded by Investors with Limited Information Capacity

An artificial stock market with agent-based model is built to investigate effects of different information characteristics of common factors on the dynamics stock returns. Investors with limited information capacity update their beliefs based on the information they have obtained and processed and optimize portfolios based on beliefs. We find that with changing of concerned...

Effects of Common Factors on Dynamics of Stocks Traded by Investors with Limited Information Capacity

An artificial stock market with agent-based model is built to investigate effects of different information characteristics of common factors on the dynamics stock returns. Investors with limited information capacity update their beliefs based on the information they have obtained and processed and optimize portfolios based on beliefs. We find that with changing of concerned...

Finite-Time Nonfragile Synchronization of Stochastic Complex Dynamical Networks with Semi-Markov Switching Outer Coupling

Kaviarasan 2 Chao Wang 3 Yong-Ki Ma 4 Hiroki Sayama 0 Department of Mathematics, Bharathiar University , Coimbatore 641046 , India 1 Department of Mathematics, Sungkyunkwan University , Suwon 440-746

Risk-Field Based Modeling for Pedestrian Emergency Evacuation Combined with Alternative Route Strategy

, Shanghai 201804, China Correspondence should be addressed to Chao Wang; nc.ude.ijgnot@oahcgnaw608098 Received 20 December 2016; Revised 22 March 2017; Accepted 2 April 2017; Published 20 April 2017 ... Academic Editor: Antonio Bilotta Copyright © 2017 Chao Wang and Jian Wang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use

Risk-Field Based Modeling for Pedestrian Emergency Evacuation Combined with Alternative Route Strategy

, Shanghai 201804, China Correspondence should be addressed to Chao Wang; nc.ude.ijgnot@oahcgnaw608098 Received 20 December 2016; Revised 22 March 2017; Accepted 2 April 2017; Published 20 April 2017 ... Academic Editor: Antonio Bilotta Copyright © 2017 Chao Wang and Jian Wang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use

Probing into the Mechanism of Alkaline Citrus Extract Promoted Apoptosis in Pulmonary Fibroblasts of Bleomycin-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis Mice

Wang,1 and Xian-mei Zhou1,2 1Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese

Biomechanical Effects of Various Bone-Implant Interfaces on the Stability of Orthodontic Miniscrews: A Finite Element Study

Biomedical Engineering of Higher Education, Chongqing, China Correspondence should be addressed to Chao Wang; moc.361@aaub_oahcgnaw Received 9 February 2017; Revised 26 April 2017; Accepted 3 May 2017

Biomechanical Effects of Various Bone-Implant Interfaces on the Stability of Orthodontic Miniscrews: A Finite Element Study

Biomedical Engineering of Higher Education, Chongqing, China Correspondence should be addressed to Chao Wang; moc.361@aaub_oahcgnaw Received 9 February 2017; Revised 26 April 2017; Accepted 3 May 2017

The European Vulnerable Option Pricing with Jumps Based on a Mixed Model

Received 9 September 2016; Accepted 22 November 2016 Academic Editor: Chris Goodrich Copyright © 2016 Chao Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution

The European Vulnerable Option Pricing with Jumps Based on a Mixed Model

In this paper, we combine the reduced-form model with the structural model to discuss the European vulnerable option pricing. We define that the default occurs when the default process jumps or the corporate goes bankrupt. Assuming that the underlying asset follows the jump-diffusion process and the default follows the Vasicek model, we can have the expression of European...

Polymer-Stabilized Micelles Reduce the Drug Rapid Clearance In Vivo

, Nantou 54561, Taiwan Correspondence should be addressed to Yu-Chao Wang; wt.gro.irhn@cyw and Chung-Shi Yang; wt.gro.irhn@gnayc Received 20 November 2017; Accepted 2 April 2018; Published 22 May 2018

Polymer-Stabilized Micelles Reduce the Drug Rapid Clearance In Vivo

, Nantou 54561, Taiwan Correspondence should be addressed to Yu-Chao Wang; wt.gro.irhn@cyw and Chung-Shi Yang; wt.gro.irhn@gnayc Received 20 November 2017; Accepted 2 April 2018; Published 22 May 2018

Amperometric Formaldehyde Sensor Based on a Pd Nanocrystal Modified C/Co2P Electrode

Ultrafine Pd nanocrystals were grown on the cobalt phosphide (Co2P) decorated Vulcan XC-72 carbon (C/Co2P), which is realized by first implementing the corresponding metal precursor and then the further chemical reduction process. The as-synthesized C/Co2P/Pd composite was further constructed to form a gas permeable electrode. This electrode can be applied for formaldehyde (HCHO...

Spawns Structure of Rod-Like ZnO Wrapped in Cellulose Nanofibers for Electromagnetic Wave Absorption

Spawns structure of rod-like ZnO wrapped in the cellulose nanofibers was successfully fabricated through a facile one-step hydrothermal method, and their electromagnetic wave absorption properties were investigated. The structure and properties of the composite aerogel were characterized. The enlarged morphology images showed that the as-prepared cellulose nanofiber/ZnO samples...

Spawns Structure of Rod-Like ZnO Wrapped in Cellulose Nanofibers for Electromagnetic Wave Absorption

Spawns structure of rod-like ZnO wrapped in the cellulose nanofibers was successfully fabricated through a facile one-step hydrothermal method, and their electromagnetic wave absorption properties were investigated. The structure and properties of the composite aerogel were characterized. The enlarged morphology images showed that the as-prepared cellulose nanofiber/ZnO samples...

A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture versus Medium-Frequency Electrotherapy for Discogenic Sciatica

Objective. To investigate the short- and long-term effects of electroacupuncture (EA) compared with medium-frequency electrotherapy (MFE) on chronic discogenic sciatica. Methods. One hundred participants were randomized into two groups to receive EA () or MFE () for 4 weeks. A 28-week follow-up of the two groups was performed. The primary outcome measure was the average leg pain...

A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture versus Medium-Frequency Electrotherapy for Discogenic Sciatica

Objective. To investigate the short- and long-term effects of electroacupuncture (EA) compared with medium-frequency electrotherapy (MFE) on chronic discogenic sciatica. Methods. One hundred participants were randomized into two groups to receive EA () or MFE () for 4 weeks. A 28-week follow-up of the two groups was performed. The primary outcome measure was the average leg pain...