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Survey of protein–DNA interactions in Aspergillus oryzae on a genomic scale

The genome-scale delineation of in vivo protein–DNA interactions is key to understanding genome function. Only ∼5% of transcription factors (TFs) in the Aspergillus genus have been identified using traditional methods. Although the Aspergillus oryzae genome contains >600 TFs, knowledge of the in vivo genome-wide TF-binding sites (TFBSs) in aspergilli remains limited because of...

BswR controls bacterial motility and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa through modulation of the small RNA rsmZ

Pseudomonas aeruginosa relies on cell motility and ability to form biofilms to establish infections; however, the mechanism of regulation remains obscure. Here we report that BswR, a xenobiotic response element-type transcriptional regulator, plays a critical role in regulation of bacterial motility and biofilm formation in P. aeruginosa. Transcriptomic and biochemical analyses...

YTRP: a repository for yeast transcriptional regulatory pathways

Regulatory targets of transcription factors (TFs) can be identified by the TF perturbation experiments, which reveal the expression changes owing to the perturbation (deletion or overexpression) of TFs. But the identified targets of a given TF consist of both direct and indirect regulatory targets. It has been shown that most of the TFPE-identified regulatory targets are indirect...

A novel autoantibody against moesin in the serum of patients with MPO-ANCA-associated vasculitis

Background Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) directed against myeloperoxidase (MPO), a diagnostic criterion in MPO-ANCA-associated vasculitis (MPO-AAV), does not always correlate with disease activity. Here, we detected autoantibodies against moesin, which was located on the surface of stimulated endothelial cells, in the serum of patients.

Genome-wide analysis of regulation of gene expression and H3K9me2 distribution by JIL-1 kinase mediated histone H3S10 phosphorylation in Drosophila

In this study we have determined the genome-wide relationship of JIL-1 kinase mediated H3S10 phosphorylation with gene expression and the distribution of the epigenetic H3K9me2 mark. We show in wild-type salivary gland cells that the H3S10ph mark is predominantly enriched at active genes whereas the H3K9me2 mark is largely associated with inactive genes. Comparison of global...

Over-expression of a putative poplar glycosyltransferase gene, PtGT1, in tobacco increases lignin content and causes early flowering

Family 1 glycosyltransferases catalyse the glycosylation of small molecules and play an important role in maintaining cell homeostasis and regulating plant growth and development. In this study, a putative glycosyltransferase gene of family 1, PtGT1, was cloned from poplar (Populus tomentosa Carr.). Sequence analysis showed that this gene encodes a protein of 481 amino acid...

Synbindin in Extracellular Signal-Regulated Protein Kinase Spatial Regulation and Gastric Cancer Aggressiveness

Background The molecular mechanisms that control the aggressiveness of gastric cancer (GC) remain poorly defined. Here we show that synbindin contributes to the aggressiveness of GC by activating extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) signaling on the Golgi apparatus.

Direct activation of glomerular endothelial cells by anti-moesin activity of anti-myeloperoxidase antibody

Background. Glomerular neutrophil infiltration has been thought to be a key pathological event in the development of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-specific anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis involving glomerulonephritis. Accordingly, we sought to explore the molecules responsible for glomerular neutrophil accumulation. Methods. Glomerular neutrophil...

Identification of transcription factor cooperativity via stochastic system model

Yu-Hsiang Chang 0 Yu-Chao Wang 0 Bor-Sen Chen 0 0 Laboratory of Control and Systems Biology, Department of Electrical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University , Hsinchu 300, Taiwan Motivation

MicroRNA 345, a methylation-sensitive microRNA is involved in cell proliferation and invasion in human colorectal cancer

Aberrant methylation has been shown to trigger the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes during tumorigenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found deregulated in human colorectal cancer (CRC), and some of them may function as tumor suppressor genes. Here, we investigated CpG island promoter hypermethylation as a potential mechanism underlying miRNA disruption and identifed...

Survey of the transcriptome of Aspergillus oryzae via massively parallel mRNA sequencing

Aspergillus oryzae, an important filamentous fungus used in food fermentation and the enzyme industry, has been shown through genome sequencing and various other tools to have prominent features in its genomic composition. However, the functional complexity of the A. oryzae transcriptome has not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we applied direct high-throughput paired-end RNA...

RNAi-mediated inhibition of presenilin 2 inhibits glioma cell growth and invasion and is involved in the regulation of Nrg1/ErbB signaling

Gliomas are the leading cause of death among adults with primary brain malignancies. Treatment for malignant gliomas remains limited, and targeted therapies have been incompletely explored. In this study, we found that the protein expression of presenilin 2 (PS2) was significantly increased in glioma tissues, at least partially because of promoter demethylation. We further...

A new measure of the robustness of biochemical networks

Motivation: The robustness of a biochemical network is defined as the tolerance of variations in kinetic parameters with respect to the maintenance of steady state. Robustness also plays an important role in the fail-safe mechanism in the evolutionary process of biochemical networks. The purposes of this paper are to use the synergism and saturation system (S-system...