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Search: authors:"David E. Lefebvre"

6 papers found.
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Critical experimental parameters related to the cytotoxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles

The increasing use of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) has raised concerns about their potential hazards to human and environmental health. In this study, the characterization and cytotoxicity of two ZnO-NPs products (Z-COTE and Z-COTE HP1) were investigated. The zinc content of Z-COTE and Z-COTE HP1 was 82.5 ± 7.3 and 80.1 ± 3.5 %, respectively. Both ZnO–NP samples contained...

In Vitro Enhancement of Mouse T Helper 2 Cell Sensitization to Ovalbumin Allergen by Carbon Black Nanoparticles

Agglomerated carbon black nanoparticles (CBNPs) administered via respiratory or subcutaneous routes have been shown to promote allergic sensitization to coadministered ovalbumin (OVA) protein in rodents. In the present study, we aimed to model and elucidate the mechanism of this adjuvanticity using an in vitro assay based on T cell sensitization to ovalbumin323–339 peptide (OVAp...

Promotion of Autoimmune Diabetes by Cereal Diet in the Presence or Absence of Microbes Associated With Gut Immune Activation, Regulatory Imbalance, and Altered Cathelicidin Antimicrobial Peptide

Christopher Patrick Gen-Sheng Wang David E. Lefebvre Jennifer A. Crookshank Brigitte Sonier Chandra Eberhard Majid Mojibian Christopher R. Kennedy Stephen P.J. Brooks Martin L. Kalmokoff Mariantonia

Diabetes-Specific HLA-DR–Restricted Proinflammatory T-Cell Response to Wheat Polypeptides in Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody–Negative Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

OBJECTIVE There is evidence of gut barrier and immune system dysfunction in some patients with type 1 diabetes, possibly linked with exposure to dietary wheat polypeptides (WP). However, questions arise regarding the frequency of abnormal immune responses to wheat and their nature, and it remains unclear whether such responses are diabetes specific. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In...