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Primary Pre-Service Teachers

Towards Inclusion Across the Training Years Corrina Goddard David Evans University of Sydney Abstract: Teachers are responsible for meeting the needs of increasingly diverse learners. Given their

Flame retardant exposure assessment: findings from a behavioral intervention study

BackgroundPolybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been largely replaced by organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) and alternative brominated flame retardants (Alt-BFRs) to meet flammability requirements. Humans are ubiquitously exposed to some variety of flame retardants through contact with consumer products directly or through household dust.ObjectivesTo evaluate the...

Intake Assessment of Problematic Use of Medications in a Chronic Noncancer Pain Clinic

BACKGROUND: The present article outlines the process of instituting an assessment of risk of problematic use of medications with new patients in an ambulatory chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) clinic. It is hoped that the authors’ experience through this iterative process will fill the gap in the literature by setting an example of an application of the ‘universal precautions...

Oral anticoagulant persistence in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: A cohort study using primary care data in Germany

Conceptualization: Shuk-Li Collings, Cinira Lefèvre, Michelle E. Johnson, David Evans, Andrew Maguire. Data curation: Shuk-Li Collings, Michelle E. Johnson, Andrew Maguire. Formal analysis: Shuk-Li Collings ... , Michelle E. Johnson. Funding acquisition: Cinira Lefèvre, David Evans. Investigation: Shuk-Li Collings, Cinira Lefèvre, Michelle E. Johnson, David Evans, Andrew Maguire. Methodology: Shuk-Li Collings

Preterm Birth, Age at School Entry and Long Term Educational Achievement

Objective To investigate if the detrimental impact of year of entering education in preterm infants persists into adolescence. Background Preterm infants are often enrolled in school a year earlier than would be expected if this decision is based on their actual date of birth rather than their due date. Initially these infants appear to do disproportionately worse than those who...

Ontogeny reveals function and evolution of the hadrosaurid dinosaur dental battery

Background Hadrosaurid dinosaurs, dominant Late Cretaceous herbivores, possessed complex dental batteries with up to 300 teeth in each jaw ramus. Despite extensive interest in the adaptive significance of the dental battery, surprisingly little is known about how the battery evolved from the ancestral dinosaurian dentition, or how it functioned in the living organism. We...

A low cost, high fidelity nerve block model

Background We have constructed a simple, inexpensive simulation model for ultrasound guided nerve blocks. To date there are no low cost, high fidelity models for nerve block simulations. The models that do exist are expensive and vaguely resemble actual anatomy. As ultrasound guided nerve blocks become more common in medical education it is essential to develop better training...

'Well, It's the Risk of the Unknown… Right?': A Qualitative Study of Perceived Risks and Benefits of HIV Cure Research in the United States

Introduction Biomedical research towards an HIV cure is advancing in the United States and elsewhere, yet little is known about perceptions of risks and benefits among potential study participants and other stakeholders. We conducted a qualitative study to explore perceived risks and benefits of investigational HIV cure research among people living with HIV (PLWHIV), biomedical...

The effectiveness of daclatasvir based therapy in European patients with chronic hepatitis C and advanced liver disease

William Irving 7 Ola Weiland 6 Emiliano Giostra 5 Juan Manuel Pascasio 4 Lluis Castells 9 Martin Prieto 8 Roelien Postema 3 Cinira Lefevre 10 David Evans 10 Heiner C. Bucher 0 Jose Luis Calleja 11 0 Basel

Monitoring Intervention Coverage in the Context of Universal Health Coverage

As part of the Universal Health Coverage Collection, Ties Boerma and colleagues discuss monitoring intervention coverage related to the full spectrum of UHC, including health promotion and disease prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and palliation. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary

History of the National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles

Journal of Public Health | David Evans E-mail: david 0 Anna Jones E-mail: 1 0 Professor in Health Services Research (Public Involvement), University of the West of England 1 Clinical Teaching

Preterm Birth, Age at School Entry and Educational Performance

Objective To investigate if the lack of gestational age correction may explain some of the school failure seen in ex-preterm infants. Design A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The primary outcome was a low Key Stage 1 score (KS1) score at age 7 or having special educational needs (SEN). Exposure groups were defined as preterm...

Positive predictive value of mammographic features on digital breast tomosynthesis

. The dose reduction may be attributed to the grid and iso-dose technology used in the selected DBT system. Bhavna Batohi*, Juliet Morel, Reema Wasan, Asif Iqbal, David Evans, Introduction: Digital

Early failure in patients starting peritoneal dialysis: a competing risks approach

Background Technical failure is more likely to occur in the first 6 months of peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study was carried out to identify risk factors for early transfer from PD to haemodialysis (HD) in a country where assisted PD is available.

Monitoring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage at Country and Global Levels

As part of the Collection on Monitoring Universal Health Coverage, Ties Boerma and colleagues discuss the key findings from the country case studies and technical reviews included in the Collection and, also, how these papers will help with the development of a global framework for monitoring progress towards Universal Health Coverage. Please see later in the article for the...

The Big Society needs robust public health evaluation

Society Bank and other Coalition policies to support the developments of mutuals, charities and social enterprises will need to be David Evans , Reader in Applied Health Policy Research 1 Taylor B

Systematic identification of genetic influences on methylation across the human life course

Background The influence of genetic variation on complex diseases is potentially mediated through a range of highly dynamic epigenetic processes exhibiting temporal variation during development and later life. Here we present a catalogue of the genetic influences on DNA methylation (methylation quantitative trait loci (mQTL)) at five different life stages in human blood: children...

An Investigation of Racing Performance and Whip Use by Jockeys in Thoroughbred Races

was not associated with significant variation in velocity as a predictor of superior placing at the finish. - Funding: Honorary Associate Professor David Evans received AUD20K from RSPCA Australia to ... that his colleague Honorary Associate Professor David Evans was commissioned by RSPCA (Australia) to design this study and was paid an honorarium to undertake it. This does not alter the authors

The role of schools of public health: learning from history, looking to the future

There is a broad consensus on the need for high-quality public health education and research to tackle the world's many public health challenges. Public health education and research are delivered by a variety of institutions operating very different models, which collectively can be called schools of public health. Given the importance of education and research to public health...