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Search: authors:"Diego Centonze"

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Management of flu-like syndrome with cetirizine in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis during therapy with interferon beta: Results of a randomized, cross-over, placebo-controlled pilot study

Background Flu-like syndrome (FLS) is a common adverse event experienced by patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with interferon beta (IFNβ). FLS can lead to poor treatment adherence and early IFNβ discontinuation. The involvement of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the occurrence of FLS has been suggested. We hypothesized that cetirizine, a second...

Disability and Fatigue Can Be Objectively Measured in Multiple Sclerosis

Background The available clinical outcome measures of disability in multiple sclerosis are not adequately responsive or sensitive. Objective To investigate the feasibility of inertial sensor-based gait analysis in multiple sclerosis. Methods A cross-sectional study of 80 multiple sclerosis patients and 50 healthy controls was performed. Lower-limb kinematics was evaluated by...

Less Frequent and Less Severe Flu-Like Syndrome in Interferon Beta-1a Treated Multiple Sclerosis Patients with at Least One Allele Bearing the G>C Polymorphism at Position -174 of the IL-6 Promoter Gene

One of the most common adverse event of interferon beta (IFNβ) therapy for multiple sclerosis is flu-like syndrome (FLS), which has been reportedly related to increased levels of cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Average cytokine levels can be affected by single nucleotide polymorphism in the gene promoter regions. To investigate...

Sativex in resistant multiple sclerosis spasticity: Discontinuation study in a large population of Italian patients (SA.FE. study)

, Roberto Bruno Bossio, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Gianfranco Costantino, Paola Cavalla, Diego Centonze, Giancarlo Comi, Salvatore Cottone, Maura Chiara Danni, Ada Francia, Alberto Gajofatto, Claudio Gasperini ... , Gianfranco Costantino, Paola Cavalla, Diego Centonze, Giancarlo Comi, Salvatore Cottone, Maura Chiara Danni, Ada Francia, Alberto Gajofatto, Claudio Gasperini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Loredana Petrucci, Elisabetta

Differences in Spontaneously Avoiding or Approaching Mice Reflect Differences in CB1-Mediated Signaling of Dorsal Striatal Transmission

Approach or avoidance behaviors are accompanied by perceptual vigilance for, affective reactivity to and behavioral predisposition towards rewarding or punitive stimuli, respectively. We detected three subpopulations of C57BL/6J mice that responded with avoiding, balancing or approaching behaviors not induced by any experimental manipulation but spontaneously displayed in an...

Association between a Genetic Variant of Type-1 Cannabinoid Receptor and Inflammatory Neurodegeneration in Multiple Sclerosis

Centonze 0 Celia Oreja-Guevara, University Hospital La Paz, Spain 0 1 Clinica Neurologica, Dipartimento di Medicina dei Sistemi, Universita` Tor Vergata , Rome , Italy , 2 Centro Europeo per la Ricerca sul

Inflammation Subverts Hippocampal Synaptic Plasticity in Experimental Multiple Sclerosis

Abnormal use-dependent synaptic plasticity is universally accepted as the main physiological correlate of memory deficits in neurodegenerative disorders. It is unclear whether synaptic plasticity deficits take place during neuroinflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and its mouse model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). In EAE mice, we found...

Increased CD8+ T Cell Response to Epstein-Barr Virus Lytic Antigens in the Active Phase of Multiple Sclerosis

consultant for Merck Serono and Biogen Idec, and has received speaker honoraria from Teva, Merck Serono, Bayer Shering and Biogec Idec. Diego Centonze, MD, is an Advisory Board member of Merck-Serono, Teva and

Opposite Roles of NMDA Receptors in Relapsing and Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

Synaptic transmission and plasticity mediated by NMDA receptors (NMDARs) could modulate the severity of multiple sclerosis (MS). Here the role of NMDARs in MS was first explored in 691 subjects carrying specific allelic variants of the NR1 subunit gene or of the NR2B subunit gene of this glutamate receptor. The analysis was replicated for significant SNPs in an independent sample...

T Regulatory Cells Are Markers of Disease Activity in Multiple Sclerosis Patients

FoxP3+ Treg cells are believed to play a role in the occurrence of autoimmunity and in the determination of clinical recurrences. Contradictory reports are, however, available describing frequency and function of Treg cells during autoimmune diseases. We examined, by both polychromatic flow cytometry, and real-time RT-PCR, several Treg markers in peripheral blood mononuclear...