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Search: authors:"Donald J. Alcendor"

6 papers found.
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Zika virus infection and implications for kidney disease

High-level and persistent viruria observed in patients infected by Zika virus (ZIKV) has been well documented. However, renal pathology in acutely infected, immunocompetent patients remains subclinical. Moreover, the long-term impact of ZIKV infection, replication, and persistence in the renal compartment of adults and infants as well as immunosuppressed patients and solid organ...

Retinal pericytes and cytomegalovirus infectivity: implications for HCMV-induced retinopathy and congenital ocular disease

Background Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the leading infectious cause of vision loss among congenitally infected children. Retinal pericytes play an essential role in maintaining retinal vascular and endothelial cell proliferation. However, the role of retinal pericytes in ocular HCMV pathogenesis is unknown. Methods Retinal pericytes were exposed to clinical (SBCMV) and lab...

Infection and upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines in human brain vascular pericytes by human cytomegalovirus

BackgroundCongenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections can result in CNS abnormalities in newborn babies including vision loss, mental retardation, motor deficits, seizures, and hearing loss. Brain pericytes play an essential role in the development and function of the blood–brain barrier yet their unique role in HCMV dissemination and neuropathlogy has not been reported...

KSHV downregulation of galectin-3 in Kaposi’s sarcoma

Galectins are a family of proteins that share an affinity for beta-galactoside containing glycoconjugates. In prostate, ovarian and breast cancer, downregulation of galectin-3 is associated with malignancy and tumor progression. Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) is characterized as an angioproliferative tumor of vascular endothelial cells and produces rare B cell lymphoproliferative diseases...

Neurovascular unit on a chip: implications for translational applications

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) dynamically controls exchange between the brain and the body, but this interaction cannot be studied directly in the intact human brain or sufficiently represented by animal models. Most existing in vitro BBB models do not include neurons and glia with other BBB elements and do not adequately predict drug efficacy and toxicity. Under the National...

Distinguishing Baboon Cytomegalovirus from Human Cytomegalovirus: Importance for Xenotransplantation

The severe shortage of human organs for transplantation is the driving force behind xenotransplant research. Nonhuman primates, particularly baboons, are potential sources of organs and tissues. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common donor-associated infection after allotransplantation. Baboon cytomegalovirus (BCMV) is endemic in baboon populations and therefore is a...