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Revision of the lacewing genus Laccosmylus with two new species from the Middle Jurassic of China (Insecta, Neuroptera, Saucrosmylidae)

The genus Laccosmylus Ren & Yin, 2003 belonging to Saucrosmylidae was erected by using a single hind wing only. Based on new fossil material and re-examination of the type specimen, the diagnosis of the genus is emended with supplementary forewing characters, reported for the first time. In addition, two new species Laccosmylus cicatricatus sp. n. and Laccosmylus latizonus sp. n...

Transcriptional downregulation of miR-133b by REST promotes prostate cancer metastasis to bone via activating TGF-β signaling

High avidity of bone metastasis is an important characteristic in prostate cancer (PCa). Downexpression of miR-133b has been reported to be implicated in the development, progression and recurrence in PCa. However, clinical significance and biological roles of miR-133b in bone metastasis of PCa remain unclear. Here we report that miR-133b is downregulated in PCa tissues and...

Downregulation of miR-141-3p promotes bone metastasis via activating NF-κB signaling in prostate cancer

Clinically, prostate cancer (PCa) exhibits a high avidity to metastasize to bone. miR-141-3p is an extensively studied miRNA in cancers and downregulation of miR-141-3p has been widely reported to be involved in the progression and metastasis of several human cancer types. However, the clinical significance and biological roles of miR-141-3p in bone metastasis of PCa are still...

Downregulation of miR-141-3p promotes bone metastasis via activating NF-κB signaling in prostate cancer

Clinically, prostate cancer (PCa) exhibits a high avidity to metastasize to bone. miR-141-3p is an extensively studied miRNA in cancers and downregulation of miR-141-3p has been widely reported to be involved in the progression and metastasis of several human cancer types. However, the clinical significance and biological roles of miR-141-3p in bone metastasis of PCa are still...

Archaeoteleia Masner in the Cretaceous and a new species of Proteroscelio Brues (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea)

. Buffington 0 Dong Ren Corresponding author: Elijah J. Talamas (talamas. 0 @osu.edu) 0 Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS c/o USNM, Smithsonian Institution , Washington, D.C. 20560 , U.S. A. 2 ... ) for a loan of Baltic amber. Dong Ren was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.31230065, 31672323), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University

Mechanisms of Hearing Loss in a Guinea Pig Model of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

Science, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, China Correspondence should be addressed to Fang-Lu Chi; moc.621@ulgnafihc and Dong-Dong Ren; nc.ude.naduf@nergnodgnod Received 20 January 2018; Accepted 7 March ... (2016YFC0905200, 2016YFC0905202), and Dong-Dong Ren was supported by the Training Program of the Excellent Young Talents of the Shanghai Municipal Health System (Grant no. XYQ2013084) and the “Zhuo-Xue Plan” of

Mechanisms of Hearing Loss in a Guinea Pig Model of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

Science, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, China Correspondence should be addressed to Fang-Lu Chi; moc.621@ulgnafihc and Dong-Dong Ren; nc.ude.naduf@nergnodgnod Received 20 January 2018; Accepted 7 March ... (2016YFC0905200, 2016YFC0905202), and Dong-Dong Ren was supported by the Training Program of the Excellent Young Talents of the Shanghai Municipal Health System (Grant no. XYQ2013084) and the “Zhuo-Xue Plan” of

Mirolydidae, a new family of Jurassic pamphilioid sawfly (Hymenoptera) highlighting mosaic evolution of lower Hymenoptera

Wang 0 Dong Ren 0 0 Type locality. Jiulongshan Formation , Daohugou Village, Shantou Township, Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia , China OPEN We describe Pamphilioidea: Mirolydidae Wang, Rasnitsyn et ... Key Lab of Insect Evolution and Environmental Changes, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, in Beijing, China (CNUB; Dong Ren, Curator). Recent species were examined under the dissecting

A new xyelotomid (Hymenoptera) from the Middle Jurassic of China displaying enigmatic venational asymmetry

Dong Ren 0 0 College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University , Beijing 100048 , China 1 Division of Entomology , Natural History Museum , University of Kansas , Lawrence 66045, KS , USA 2 Department

The first fossil salmonfly (Insecta: Plecoptera: Pteronarcyidae), back to the Middle Jurassic

section of supra-anal process; sa, supra-anal process; vp, vaginal projections. Fossil material The fossil material is deposited in the Capital Normal University (CNU; Dong Ren, Curator), was examined ... Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT13081). Availability of data and materials The fossil material is deposited in the Capital Normal University (CNU, China; Dong Ren, Curator

Analysis of the Damage Mechanism Related to CO2 Laser Cochleostomy on Guinea Pig Cochlea

All authors participated in the design, interpretation of the studies and analysis of the data, and review of the manuscript; Xiang Liu, Xiao-qing Qian, and Dong-Dong Ren conducted the experiments, Rui ... Ma and Dong-Dong Ren photographed and processed the figures, Xiang Liu and Dong-Dong Ren wrote the manuscript, and Fang-Lu Chi revised the manuscript. Xiang Liu and Xiao-qing Qian contributed equally

Familial Clarification of Saucrosmylidae stat. nov. and New Saucrosmylids from Daohugou, China (Insecta, Neuroptera)

Backgound Saucrosmylids are characterized by the typically large body size, complicated venation and diverse wing markings, which were only discovered in Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, Ningcheng county, Inner Mongolia, China. Principal Findings Saucrosmylinae Ren, 2003, originally included as a subfamily in the Osmylidae, was transferred and elevated to family rank based on the...

New data from the Middle Jurassic of China shed light on the phylogeny and origin of the proboscis in the Mesopsychidae (Insecta: Mecoptera)

Changes, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China (CNUB; Dong Ren, Curator). The specimens were examined using a Leica MZ 16.5 dissecting microscope connected to a Leica DFC500

GLCM Based Extraction of Flame Image Texture Features and KPCA-GLVQ Recognition Method for Rotary Kiln Combustion Working Conditions

School of Electronic and Information Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning , Anshan 114044 , China 2 Xiu-Dong Ren received his B. Sc. de- gree in control science from University of

New fossil ephialtitids elucidating the origin and transformation of the propodeal-metasomal articulation in Apocrita (Hymenoptera)

Background Apocrita has a special structure that its first abdominal segment has been incorporated into the thorax as the propodeum. The remaining abdomen, metasoma, is connected to this hybrid region via a narrow propodeal-metasomal articulation forming a “wasp waist”, which serves an important function of providing maneuverability, flexibility and posture for oviposition...

A New Fossil of Necrotauliidae (Insecta: Trichoptera) from the Jiulongshan Formation of China and Its Taxonomic Significance

Background Acisarcuatus variradius gen. et sp. nov., an extinct new species representing a new genus, is described from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation in Daohugou Village, Inner Mongolia, China. Methodology/Principal Findings In this paper, we revised the diagnosis of Necrotauliidae Handlirsch, 1906. One new genus and species of Necrotauliidae is described. An analysis...

Effect of Endolymphatic Hydrops on Sound Transmission in Live Guinea Pigs Measured with a Laser Doppler Vibrometer

(2016YFC0905200); the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) Grant nos. 81420108010 and 81271084 to Fang-Lu Chi and nos. 81370022, 81570920, and 81000413 to Dong-Dong Ren; 973 Program (Grant nos ... Shanghai Municipal Health System (Grant no. XYQ2013084 to Dong-Dong Ren); and “Zhuo-Xue Plan” of Fudan University (Dong-Dong Ren). References L. Robles and M. A. Ruggero, “Mechanics of the mammalian

New transitional fossil snakeflies from China illuminate the early evolution of Raphidioptera

Background Raphidioptera (snakeflies) is a holometabolous order of the superorder Neuropterida characterized by the narrowly elongate adult prothorax and the long female ovipositor. Mesozoic snakeflies were markedly more diverse than the modern ones are. However, the evolutionary history of Raphidioptera is largely unexplored, as a result of the poorly studied phylogeny among...

A new Cretaceous genus of xyelydid sawfly illuminating nygmata evolution in Hymenoptera

Background Nygmata are prominent glandular structures on the wings of insects. They have been documented in some extant insects, including several families of Neuroptera and Mecoptera, the majority of Trichoptera, and a few of the hymenopteran Symphyta. However, because nygmata are rarely preserved in compression fossils, their early development and evolution are still enigmatic...

Identification of fetal cardiac anatomy and hemodynamics: a novel enhanced screening protocol

Background Prenatal cardiac screening is of great importance as it contributes to appropriate neonatal management and helps parents to make a decision regarding their pregnancy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficiency of a newly proposed screening protocol in the detection of fetal congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods This was a prospective study. A total of 52...