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Search: authors:"Erika M. Edwards"

5 papers found.
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The color of health: how racism, segregation, and inequality affect the health and well-being of preterm infants and their families

Racism, segregation, and inequality contribute to health outcomes and drive health disparities across the life course, including for newborn infants and their families. In this review, we address their effects on the health and well-being of newborn infants and their families with a focus on preterm birth. We discuss three causal pathways: increased risk; lower-quality care; and...

The Vermont oxford neonatal encephalopathy registry: rationale, methods, and initial results

Background In 2006, the Vermont Oxford Network (VON) established the Neonatal Encephalopathy Registry (NER) to characterize infants born with neonatal encephalopathy, describe evaluations and medical treatments, monitor hypothermic therapy (HT) dissemination, define clinical research questions, and identify opportunities for improved care. Methods Eligible infants were ≥ 36 weeks...

The Vermont oxford neonatal encephalopathy registry: rationale, methods, and initial results

In 2006, the Vermont Oxford Network (VON) established the Neonatal Encephalopathy Registry (NER) to characterize infants born with neonatal encephalopathy, describe evaluations and medical treatments, monitor hypothermic therapy (HT) dissemination, define clinical research questions, and identify opportunities for improved care. Eligible infants were ≥ 36 weeks with seizures...

Implications of Cannabis Use and Heavy Alcohol Use on HIV Drug Risk Behaviors in Russian Heroin Users

Cannabis and heavy alcohol use potentially increase HIV transmission by increasing risky drug behaviors. We studied 404 subjects entering treatment for heroin dependence, in St. Petersburg, Russia. We used the HIV Risk Assessment Battery (RAB) drug subscale to measure risky drug behavior. Although all heavy alcohol users had risky drug behaviors, their drug RAB scores did not...

Effect of Exposure to Injection Drugs or Alcohol on Antigen-Specific Immune Responses in HIV and Hepatitis C Virus Coinfection

Background. Ongoing substance use is a potential confounder for immunological studies on hepatitis C virus (HCV), but there is little in the literature regarding the effects of injection drug use (IDU) or alcohol on HCVspecific immune responses. We wanted to determine whether IDU or alcohol affected immune responses in HCVinfected and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV...