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First report of occult hepatitis B infection among ART naïve HIV seropositive individuals in Maputo, Mozambique

Maueia Ne dio Mabunda Lu cia Chambal 0 Adolfo Vubil Ana Flora Francisco Antunes Nilesh Bhatt 0 Internal Medicine Department, Maputo Central Hospital , Maputo , Mozambique , 2 Instituto Nacional de Sau ... Contributions Conceptualization: Awa Abdul Carimo, Cremildo Maueia, LuÂcia Chambal, Francisco Antunes, Nilesh Bhatt. Data curation: Eduardo Samo Gudo, Cremildo Maueia, NeÂdio Mabunda, LuÂcia Chambal, Adolfo

Correction: HBV infection in untreated HIV-infected adults in Maputo, Mozambique

Adolfo Vubil Ana Flora Zicai Nilesh Bhatt Francisco Antunes OPEN ACCESS 1. Chambal LM , Samo Gudo E , Carimo A , Corte Real R , Mabunda N , Maueia C , et al. ( 2017 ) HBV infection in untreated HIV

HBV infection in untreated HIV-infected adults in Maputo, Mozambique

Contributions Conceptualization: LuÂcia Mabalane Chambal, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Awa Carimo, Nilesh Bhatt, Francisco Antunes. Data curation: LuÂcia Mabalane Chambal, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Nilesh Bhatt, Francisco ... Antunes. Formal analysis: LuÂcia Mabalane Chambal, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Awa Carimo, Rita Corte Real, NeÂdio Mabunda, Cremildo Maueia, Adolfo Vubil, Ana Flora Zicai, Nilesh Bhatt, Francisco Antunes. 8 / 12

Development of Nevirapine Resistance in Children Exposed to the Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV-1 Transmission Programme in Maputo, Mozambique

Background Single-dose nevirapine (sd-NVP) has been the main option for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 in low-resource settings. However, sd-NVP can induce the selection of HIV-1 resistant mutations in mothers and infants. In Mozambique, there are limited data regarding the profile of NVP resistance associated mutations (RAM) in the context of PMTCT...

Integrating Decision Support and Social Networks

Coimbra, Portugal Received 14 July 2011; Revised 29 March 2012; Accepted 16 April 2012 Academic Editor: Arun Kumar Tripathi Copyright © 2012 Francisco Antunes and João Paulo Costa. This is an open

Integrating Decision Support and Social Networks

Coimbra, Portugal Received 14 July 2011; Revised 29 March 2012; Accepted 16 April 2012 Academic Editor: Arun Kumar Tripathi Copyright © 2012 Francisco Antunes and João Paulo Costa. This is an open

Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Other Intestinal Parasites in Young Children in Lobata Province, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe

Rare systemic studies concerning prevalence of intestinal parasites in children have been conducted in the second smallest country in Africa, the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. Fecal specimens from 348 children (214 in-hospital attending the Aires de Menezes Hospital and 134 from Agostinho Neto village) in São Tome Island were studied by parasitological and...

Long-term risk of mortality for acute kidney injury in HIV-infected patients: a cohort analysis

Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and is associated with hospital mortality. We aimed to evaluate the impact of AKI on long-term mortality of hospitalized HIV-infected patients. Methods Retrospective analysis of a cohort of 433 hospitalized HIV-infected patients who were discharged alive from the...

Therapeutic Potential of Caspofungin Combined with Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole for Pneumocystis Pneumonia: A Pilot Study in Mice

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in immunocompromised patients. There are limited alternative therapeutic choices to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) which is the standard first line therapy/prophylaxis for PcP. The efficacy of low doses of caspofungin and caspofungin in association with TMP-SMX standard-prophylactic dose was...

Neurosyphilis versus Herpes Encephalitis in a Patient with Confusion, Memory Loss, and T2-Weighted Mesiotemporal Hyperintensity

Acute confusion and memory loss associated with asymmetrical mesiotemporal hyperintensity on T2-weighted MRI are characteristic of herpes encephalitis. The authors report the case of a patient with these symptoms and MRI presentation who had neurosyphilis. Recently clinical and imaging patterns usually associated with herpes simplex encephalitis have been seen in patients with...

Neurosyphilis versus Herpes Encephalitis in a Patient with Confusion, Memory Loss, and T2-Weighted Mesiotemporal Hyperintensity

Acute confusion and memory loss associated with asymmetrical mesiotemporal hyperintensity on T2-weighted MRI are characteristic of herpes encephalitis. The authors report the case of a patient with these symptoms and MRI presentation who had neurosyphilis. Recently clinical and imaging patterns usually associated with herpes simplex encephalitis have been seen in patients with...

Neurosyphilis versus Herpes Encephalitis in a Patient with Confusion, Memory Loss, and T2-Weighted Mesiotemporal Hyperintensity

Acute confusion and memory loss associated with asymmetrical mesiotemporal hyperintensity on T2-weighted MRI are characteristic of herpes encephalitis. The authors report the case of a patient with these symptoms and MRI presentation who had neurosyphilis. Recently clinical and imaging patterns usually associated with herpes simplex encephalitis have been seen in patients with...

20 Years of HIV-2 Infection in Portugal: Trends and Changes in Epidemiology

Valadas , Luı ́s Franc ̧ a, Sara Sousa, and Francisco Antunes - To the Editor—We read with attention the letter by Lomas et al. [ 1 ] and agree that, as we stated in our article [ 2 ], some episodes

Acute kidney injury in hospitalized HIV-infected patients: a cohort analysis

Background. Acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era has not been extensively addressed. The aim of the present study was to analyze the incidence, etiology, risk factors and the impact of AKI on in-hospital mortality in this population. Methods. A total of 489 HIV...

HIV-2: the Portuguese Connection

-2– infected patients—contribute to this end. Acknowledgment Potential conflicts of interest. E.V. and F.A.: No conflict. Emilia Valadas and Francisco Antunes Cl´ınica Universita´ria de Doenc¸as

Cobicistat Versus Ritonavir as a Pharmacoenhancer of Atazanavir Plus Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in Treatment-Naive HIV Type 1–Infected Patients: Week 48 Results

Background. Cobicistat (COBI) is a pharmacoenhancer with no antiretroviral activity in vitro. Methods. An international, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of COBI versus ritonavir (RTV) as a pharmacoenhancer of atazanavir (ATV) in combination with emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF...

Long-term risk of mortality after acute kidney injury in patients with sepsis: a contemporary analysis

Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased short-term mortality of septic patients; however, the exact influence of AKI on long-term mortality in such patients has not yet been determined. Methods We retrospectively evaluated the impact of AKI, defined by the "Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, End-stage kidney disease" (RIFLE) classification...

Acute renal failure in critically ill HIV-infected patients

Acute renal failure (ARF) is common among hospitalized HIV-infected patients 1. To our knowledge, however, data regarding ARF in HIV-infected patients in the intensive care unit are still lacking.