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34 papers found.
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Effects of route of administration of a commercially available Mannheimia (pasteurella) haemolytica vaccine on titer levels

One hundred thirteen Hereford x Angus heifer calves (average weight = 515 lb) were allotted to one of three treatments: 1) control, no vaccine; 2) a 2-cc subcutaneous injection of One-Shot® (Pfizer Animal Health), a Mannheimia (pasteurella) haemolytica vaccine, three weeks before weaning; or 3) a ½-cc intradermal injection of One-Shot, three weeks before weaning. All heifers were...

Effect of cooked molasses tubs on performance and health of newly received stocker calves

Eight paired comparisons conducted at three field sites with 1059 newly-received lightweight stocker calves were used to determine the effect of free-choice cooked molasses tubs designed for receiving cattle on 28-day receiving period performance, percentage of cattle treated for respiratory disease, and death loss. At all sites, cattle received similar management with the...

Prevalence of ocular lesions in cattle from a Kansas sale barn

This cross-sectional evaluation of cattle from a sale barn was completed to identify the prevalence of ocular lesions. A total of 100 cattle (91 cows and 9 bulls) was examined as they were being processed through a Kansas sale barn. Ocular lesions were found in 47%. The most frequently identified lesions were corneal scars, found in 26%. Although the exact cause of the scars...

Effects of supplemental carnitine on nitrogen balance and blood metabolites of growing beef steers fed a high-protein, corn-based diet

Seven Angus-cross steers (475 lbs initial body weight) were used in a 7 x 4 incomplete Latin square experiment to evaluate the effects of supplemental L-carnitine on nitrogen balance and blood metabolites. Steers were fed the same high-protein, corn-based diet near ad libitum intake. Treatments were control and .25, .5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 3.0 grams/day of supplemental carnitine...

Drylot receiving program vs pasture conditioning with Micotil® metaphylaxis for grazing stocker calves

Three stocker cattle field studies were conducted comparing a traditional 4- to 5-week drylot receiving program with injectable antibiotics administered on a pull-and-treat basis versus a pasture-based conditioning program using an initial metaphylaxis with Micotil® followed by immediately placing cattle on grass. Although daily gains were similar (P=.80) for both receiving...

Effects of florfenicol metaphylaxis in reducing morbidity and associated performance losses in stressed beef calves

In February, 1998, 191 crossbred steers (885 lb) were used in a 28-day feeding trial to evaluate the effects of florfenicol (Nuflor®) on morbidity of newly weaned, lightweight cattle. No clinical signs of illness were observed in either the medicated or control group. No statistically significant differences in daily gain, feed intake, or feed efficiency were observed between...

Differences in serum immunoglobulin g1 and total protein concentrations in neonatal calves on days 1, 5, and 10

Immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) serum concentrations are used to evaluate passive transfer of immunity in neonatal calves. Total serum proteins also can be measured to evaluate calf health. If IgG1 and total serum protein concentrations change with age, it becomes imperative to compare samples only from a narrow time period. Otherwise, differences might be due to age and not immune...

Effects of vaccinating beef dams precalving and calves preweaning with a Pasteurella haemolytica vaccine

, T.T. Marston, Gerald L. Stokka, J.R. Brethour, and Timothy G. Rozell This Research Report article is available in Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports: http://newprairiepress.org

The effect of copper sulfate and zinc oxide in a drench on the gain and health of newly arrived calves

One hundred and fifty-four, newly arrived, bull calves averaging 295 lb were either drenched with a copper-zinc (Cu-Zn) solution or water at arrival. The Cu-Zn drench did not affect gains during a 56-day trial. Additionally, no differences occurred in morbidity or the number of antibiotic treatments required per animal.

The effect of Fourplex® on gain and health of newly arrived calves

Two trials were conducted to evaluate the effects of Fourplex®, a trace mineral supplement, on long-hauled stocker calves. In each trial, Fourplex was added to the ration of lightweight, long-hauled calves in four pens, while calves in another four pens served as controls. Additionally, every other calf that became sick, regardless of feed treatment, was drenched with a solution...

The effect of protected lysine-methionine on gain and health of newly arrived calves

Long-hauled calves averaging 293 lb were allotted to groups fed with or without protected lysine-methionine (Smartamine ML®). Protected lysine-methionin e did not improve ADG in the first 28 days but did improve ADG from 29 to 56 days. It also reduced morbidity (16.1 vs 34.2%) from day 29 to 56. Based on this research, the response of long-hauled calves to protected lysine...

Injection-site reactions from clostridial vaccines: a critical control point?

One 550 lb steer was injected subcutaneously twice, once on each side of the neck, with 5 milliliters of Ultrabac 7 ficlostridial vaccine with a new 16 gauge, 3/4 inch needle. The injections were given 30 days and 36 hours prior to euthanasia, at which time the two resultant lesions were collected. The lesions were evaluated for tissue damage, and physical descriptors were...

Biosecurity in the dairy

Three strategies exist to control unwanted disease in a livestock operation: 1) prevent the douintroduction of infected cattle, 2) raise the overall level of resistance and specific resistance to infectious disease, and 3) minimize herd exposure to infectious disease. In addition, if unwanted disease exists in the herd, then a plan to eliminate the disease should be implemented...

Economic impact of preweaning vaccinations on health and performance of weaned feeder cattle

In October, 1995, 3,565 head of freshly weaned, British-breed calves were received into a weaning facility in southwest Nebraska. Calves were determined to be preconditioned if they had received both viral an d Pasteurella vaccines prior to weaning (PREWEAN; n = 2,315), and all other calves were considered to have no preconditioning (CRTL; n = 1,250). Cattle were processed within...

Failure of precalving supplementation of vitamin E and dietary fat to alter reproductive performance of first lactation cows or the health of their calves

. Stokka 0 Part of the Other Animal Sciences Commons 0 0 (Key Words: Vitamin E , Fat, Reproduction, Calf Health.) Follow this and additional works at: http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr Recommended Citation

The effect of vitamin E, selenium, and copper supplementation preweaning on the performance and immune response of beef calves

immune parameters in either experiment. Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Authors C.L. Wright, L.R. Corah, Gerald L. Stokka, Frank Blecha

Comparison of morbidity and performance among stressed feeder calves following vaccination with pyramid™ MLV 4 or Pyramid™ 4+Presponse® SQ

. Anderson, Gerald L. Stokka, and Gerry L. Kuhl Thi s Research Report article is available in Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports: http://newprairiepress.org/ kaesrr/vol0/iss1/389 ... . Stokka Part of the Other Animal Sciences Commons Recommended Citation Ives, S.; Drouillard, James S.; Anderson, David E.; Stokka, Gerald L.; and Kuhl, Gerry L. (1999) "Comparison of morbidity and

Prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility, and genetic diversity of Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 collected at four Kansas beef cattle feedyards over 13 months

, and Gerald L. Stokka This Research Report article is available in Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports: http://newprairiepress.org/ kaesrr/vol0/iss1/500 PREVALENCE, ANTIBIOTIC